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研究生:張嘉恩
研究生(外文):Chia-En Chang
論文名稱:台灣原生鐵炮型百合種子貯藏、育苗及開花之研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies of Seed Storage, Seedling Cultivation and Flowering of Taiwan Native Longiflorum-type Lily
指導教授:張正張正引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN CHANG
口試委員:林學詩宋妤戴廷恩
口試委員(外文):HSUEH-SHIH LINYU SUNGTING-EN DAI
口試日期:2016-07-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:園藝學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:種子貯藏層積時間介質播種日期栽植容器植株性狀
外文關鍵詞:Seed storageStratification timeMediaSeedling datePlanting containersPlant traits
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本研究探討影響臺灣百合貯藏環境因子與建立育苗栽培基本資料,鮮採收百合種子含水率在9-10%之間,為正貯型種子,經16個月,以密封包裝、低溫貯藏(-20℃或 5℃)及降低含水率至6%能維持高的發芽率,溫度為影響台灣百合種子活力的最大因子。五個野外族群種子,以黑暗冷藏處理40天,有最高的發芽率98.3-100%及最短的平均發芽天數11.8-13.3天,梅嶺族群的發芽率在各處理間維持於90%以上,平均發芽天數隨處理天數增加而降低。介質中添加有機質,會造成種子發芽及發根困難,以砂或蛭石與泥炭土及真珠石混合,8週苗齡植株之葉數最高可達1.8片、根長在7.9-9.9 cm及9.3-13.9 cm、鱗片葉與小球鮮重合計最高為0.9 g以及根鮮重在0.039-0.043 g及0.038-0.065 g均較添加有機質優。相較於低溫季節育苗,高溫季節有最大的鱗莖直徑達0.32 cm及0.36 cm、全株長15.3 cm、16.7 cm及全株鮮重0.15 g、0.16 g。比較穴盤及圓盆育苗,結果顯示,穴盤育苗者,發芽率較高,葉數及葉寬明顯較圓盆佳,圓盆育苗者,株型較直立,穴盤育苗則較為開張。植株達10週苗齡,分別移植於45格穴盤、2寸及3寸黑軟盆,結果顯示,移植2個月後,以2寸植株在葉數、葉寬、鱗莖直徑、全株重生育較佳,除了根長以外,育苗初期的盆器對後續苗株發育造成顯著影響,在移植4個月後,以假植容器對根長發育影響最為明顯。
採集於台灣各地14個族群種子,經黑暗冷藏30天及育苗5個月後,下土定植。育苗期間進行葉片及鱗莖性狀的調查,北部族群具有較寬短的鱗片葉,鱗莖直徑約在6.3-8.0 mm。定植後2個月,植株鱗片葉數及葉長快速增加,葉形態與鱗莖在北部族群與中南部族群間具明顯差異,以後龍族群能於抽莖後1個月露蕾開花,北海岸族群抽莖後2個月開花,中南部族群則於抽莖後4個月露蕾。


This study investigated factors that influenced the storage environment of Lilium formosanum (Formosa lilies) and established basic information for culturing seedlings. Fresh orthodox Formosa lily seeds with a water content of 9%–10% were harvested. The seeds were placed inside sealed packaging and stored at low temperatures (-20°C and 5°C) for 16 months. In addition, water content was reduced to 6% to maintain favorable germination rates. Temperature is the most important factor that influences the vigour of Formosa lily seeds. Five groups of wild Formosa lily seeds, treated cold-moist stratification for 40 d, yielded the highest germination rates (98.3%–100%) and shortest average number of days to germination (11.8–13.3 d). Formosa lily seeds from various areas in the Meiling region displayed germination rates of 90% or above and an average number of days to germination that decreased as the number of days of treatment increased. By adding organic matters in the mediums, it made seed germination and rooting more difficult. By combining peatmoss and perlite to sand and vermiculite to serve as the mediums, the number of leaves on 8-week-old seedlings reached 1.8, the root length ranged from 7.9 to 9.9 cm and from 9.3 to 13.9 cm, the combined fresh weight of scale leaves and bulblet reached up to 0.9 g, and the fresh weight ranged from 0.039 to 0.043 g and from 0.038 to 0.065 g, all of which outperformed seedlings in which organic matters were added. Compared with low-temperature culturing seasons, seedling bulb diameters, lengths, and fresh weights in high-temperature seasons reached 0.32 and 0.36 cm, 15.3 and 16.7 cm, and 0.15 and 0.16 g, respectively. Regarding plug tray and pot-based seed culturing, the results showed that the former produced higher germination rates as well as significantly higher leave numbers and widths. Seedlings grown in pots were more upright, whereas plug tray seedlings were flatter. Next, 10-week-old seedlings were transplanted in 45-cell plug trays and 2-in. and 3-in.-soft black pots, in which the results showed that plants transplanted in the 2-in. black pots exhibited superior leave numbers, leave widths, bulb diameters, and regrowth 2 months after the transplant. In addition to root length, the type of pot used during the early stages of seedling growth had a considerable effect on its growth. Heel in containers displayed the most significant effect on root length growth 4 months after transplant.
After collecting different groups of Formosa lily seeds from 14 regions in Taiwan, they were refrigerated in the dark for 30 d and cultured for 5 months before being transplanted in soil. During the culturing period, leave and bulb features were investigated, in which the results showed that those from the north had shorter and wider scale leaves and a bulb diameter of approximately 6.3–8.0 mm. The number of scale leaves and leaf length of the plants increased rapidly 2 months after the transplant. Concerning leaf morphology and bulb of the Formosa lilies, those from the north were significantly different from those from the south; Formosa lily groups from the Houlong region, North Coast, and Central and Southern Taiwan budded and flowered 1 month, 2 months, and 4 months after transplant, respectively.


目次
中文摘要.........................................................................................................................i
英文摘要........................................................................................................................ii
目次...............................................................................................................................iv
表目次............................................................................................................................v
圖目次...........................................................................................................................vi
第一章 前言..................................................................................................................1
第二章 前人研究……………………………………………………………………..2
第三章 臺灣百合種子貯藏之研究
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………………..16
英文摘要……………………………………………………………………………..17
一、前言……………………………………………………………………………..18
二、材料與方法……………………………………………………………………...19
三、結果……………………………………………………………………...............22
四、討論……………………………………………………………………...............24
五、圖表……………………………………………………………………………...26
六、引用文獻…………………………………………………………………………34
第四章 臺灣百合育苗之研究
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………..........36
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………..........37
一、前言……………………………………………………………………...............38
二、材料與方法……………………………………………………………………...39
三、結果……………………………………………………………………...............42
四、討論……………………………………………………………………...............45
五、圖表……………………………………………………………………………...48
六、引用文獻…………………………………………………………………………65
第五章 不同族群臺灣百合種苗植株性狀及開花特性
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………..........67
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………..........68
一、前言……………………………………………………………………...............69
二、材料與方法……………………………………………………………………...70
三、結果……………………………………………………………………...............72
四、討論……………………………………………………………………...............73
五、圖表…….………………………………………………………………………...76
六、引用文獻…………………………………………………………………………91
第六章 結論…………………………………………………………………............93


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