(3.238.96.184) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/12 16:41
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳韻如
研究生(外文):Yun-Ju Chen
論文名稱:CEO星座與企業經營決策
論文名稱(外文):Does Constellation Diversity of CEO Matter in Corporate Decision Making?
指導教授:許永聲許永聲引用關係
口試委員:陳政芳許書偉
口試日期:2016-04-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:會計學研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:會計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:CEO星座經營風險決策行為風險規避
外文關鍵詞:CEOConstellationCorporate decision-makingRisk aversion
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:186
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究探討企業CEO不同星座之人格特質是否會影響企業之經營風險決策行為及面對風險之規避程度,以2000年至2014年之美國掛牌公司S&P500為樣本進行分析。

實證結果發現,企業CEO星座之人格特質具有不同的風險規避程度,對於企業的經營風險決策行為有相當程度的影響。企業CEO不同的星座人格特質,對於面對企業不同之風險決策,其思維判斷會造成不一樣的風險規避程度。本研究以企業CEO為土象星座者為比較基準,相對於火象星座、風象星座及水象星座,結果顯示企業CEO為火象星座及風象星座者在經營風險決策行為中有較高的資產報酬率、資產收益率波動,以及較低的股東權益報酬率波動。企業CEO為水象星座者相對於土象星座有較高的預期成長率及較低的股東權益報酬率波動。

This study examines whether theconstellation diversity of CEO affect the corporate decision making and the degrees toward risk aversion. The sample companies are obtained from 2000 to 2014.

The empirical results show that the constellation diversity of CEO identity will have an impact on corporate decision-making. this study uses constellation as the proxy variables for CEO psychological traits and analyze the relationship between CEO traits and Corporate decision-making. The results show that the CEOs with fire-sign and air-sign are positively related to ROA、StdRoa,and lower variances in equity returns. the CEOs with water-sign are positively related to lower variances in equity returns and long-term growth.


第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究結論 2
第四節 研究流程與架構 3
第二章 文獻探討與假說建立 5
第一節 人格特質與企業經營決策 5
第二節 星座與占星學 6
第三節 CEO星座與企業經營決策 11
第三章 研究設計 17
第一節 研究架構 17
第二節 樣本選取與資料來源 17
第三節 實證模型建立 19
第四節 變數定義與衡量 22
第四章 實證結果 26
第一節 敘述統計分析 26
第二節 迴歸分析 37
第五章 結論、限制與建議 40
第一節 結論 40
第二節 研究限制與建議 41
參考文獻 42

一、中文部分
王培倫,2003,星座對於消費者在購物傾向上之影響-以大台北地區大學生為例。
朱慶龍,2003,五大人格特質、工作價值觀和工作滿意三者相互關係之研究,國立政治大學心理學系碩士論文。
李耕輔、房美玉,2008,人格特質與工作績效之關係探討-以某高科技產業公司
研發關鍵人才為例,國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
李劍鋒、徐聯倉,1996,企業經理風險決策行為的實證研究,中國管理科學,第3期:17-26。
林百龍,五大人格特質與心理契約內容關聯性之研究-以高科技產業之新進員工為對象,中原大學企業管理學系碩士學位論文。
星星王子,1993,校園星事,台北:幼獅。
范維君,1999,占星術與日常行動:一個知識社會學的考察,國立政治大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
袁捷敏,2005,企業決策風險芻議,企業經濟,第07期: 83-84。
陳敏璇,2013,投資人風險屬性之探討-以四大星相區分,銘傳大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班碩士論文。
葉又甄,2007,人格特質、生活型態、星座類型三者對消費者決策型態差異之研究,大葉大學休閒事業學系碩士班碩士論文。
葉君毅,2005,星座對人格特質及工作滿意度之關聯性研究-以資訊從業人員為例。新北市:輔仁大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文。
葉欣怡,2005,共同基金經理人特質與持股特性之研究,國立中正大學財務金融研究所碩士論文。
廖瑞珠,2007,星座與領導行為關係之研究-以宜蘭縣各行政機關公務員為例。花蓮縣:東華大學公共行政研究所碩士論文。
劉鐵虎、于文正(1991),日月星座,台北:時報文化。
簡淑華、廖翠紅,1998,全權委託業務中人格特質、風險偏好對投資決策之影響,
國立臺中技術學院學報,第 9 卷第1期 : 91-108。

二、西文部分
Allgood, S., & Farrell, K. A. (2003). The Match between the CEO and the Firm. Journal of Business, 76(2), 317-341. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/367752
Allport, G. W. 1937. Personality: A psychological interpretation. New York: Holt.
Antia, M., Pantalis, C., & Park, J. C. (2010). CEO Decision Horizon and Firm Performance: An Empirical Investigation. Journal of Corporate Finance, 16(3),
Baccar, A., Ben Mohamed, E., & Bouri, A. (2013). Managerial Overconfidence and Board Characteristics: Toward a New Role of Corporate Governance. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 7(7), 287-301.
Barber, B., & Odean, T. (2001). Boys Will Be Boys: Gender, Overconfidence, and Common Stock Investment. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(1), 261-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/003355301556400
Barker, V., & Mueller, G. (2002). CEO Characteristics and Firm R&D Spending. Management Science, 48(6), 782-801. http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.48.6.782.187
Barrick, M. R. and M. K. Mount. 1991. The Big Five personality dimensions and job performance: a meta-analysis. Personnel Psychology 74: 187-192.
Ben Fatma, E., Ben Mohamed, E., & Boudabouss, S. (2013). Entrepreneurship Theory: From Rational to Behavioral Theory. International Journal of Contemporary Business Studies, 4(5), 72–89.
Ben Mohamed, E., Baccar, A., Fairchild, R., & Bouri, A. (2012). Does Corporate Governance Affect Managerial Optimism: Evidence from NYSE Panel Data Firms. International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies, 5(1), 41-56.
Ben Mohamed, E., Souissi, M. N., Baccar, A., & Bouri, A. (2014). CEO’s Personal Characteristics, Ownership and Investment Cash Flow Sensitivity: Evidence from NYSE Panel Data Firms. Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science, 19(37), 98-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jefas.2014.10.002
Bertrand, M. & Schoar, A. (2003). Managing with Style: The Effect of Mangers on Managers on Firm Policies. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(4), 1169-1208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/003355303322552775
Bertrand, M. and A. Schoar. 2003. Managing with Style: The Effect of Managers on Firm Policies, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118, 1169-1208.
Boehm, S. A., Dwertmann, D. J. G., Bruch, H., & Shamir, B. (2015). The Missing Link? Investigating Organizational Identity Strength and Transformational Leadership Climate as Mechanisms That Connect CEO Charisma with Firm Performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 26(2), 156-171.
Brookman, J., & Thistle, P. D. (2009). CEO Tenure, the Risk of Termination and Firm Value. Journal of Corporate Finance, 15(3), 331-344.
Brown, S. L. and K. M. Eisenhardt. 1995. Product Development: Past Research, Present Findings, and Future Directions. Academy of Management Review 20(2): 343-378.
Burgelman, R. 1991. Intraorganizational ecology of strategy making and organizational adaptation: Theory and field research. Organization Science 2: 239-262.
Buyl, T., Boone, C., Hendriks, W., & Matthyssens, P. (2011). Top Management Team Functional Diversity and Firm Performance: The Moderating Role of CEO Characteristics. Journal of Management Studies, 48(1), 151-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00932.x
Calori, R., Johnson, G., & Sarnin, P. (1994). CEOs Cognitive Maps and the Scope of the Organization. Strategic Management Journal, 15(6), 437-457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smj.4250150603
Certo, S. T., Lester, R. H., Dalton, C. M., & Dalton, D. R. (2006). Top Management Teams: A Meta-Analytic Examination. Journal of Management Studies, 43(4), 813-839. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2006.00612.x
Charan, R. 2013. You Can’t Be a Wimp-Make the Tough Calls. Harvard Business Review, 91 (11): 74.
Cohen, W. M., and D. A.Levinthal. 1990. Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35: 128-152.
Colbert, A. E., Brarrick, M. R., & Bradley, B. H. (2014). Personality and Leadership Composition in Top Management Teams: Implications for Organizational Effectiveness. Personnel Psychology, 67(2), 351-387.
Costa, P. T. Jr., R. R. MaGrae, and D. A. Dye. 1991. Facet scales for agreeableness and conscientiousness: A revision of the NEO personality inventory. Personality and Individual Differences 12(8): 887-898.
Cronqvist, H., Makhija, A. K., & Yonker, S. E. (2012). Behavioral Consistency in Corporate Finance: CEO Personal and Corporate Leverage. Journal of Financial Economics, 103(1), 20-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfineco.2011.08.005
Custodio, C., & Metzger, D. (2014). Financial Expert CEOs: CEO’s Work Experience and Firm’s Financial Policies. Journal of Financial Economics, 114(1), 125-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfineco.2014.06.002
Davenport, T.H. and L. Prusak. 1998. Working knowledge: How organizations manage what they know. Boston. MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Dechow, P., & Sloan, R. (1991). Executive Incentives and the Time Horizon Problem. Journal of Accounting and Economics, 14(1), 51-89.
Demsetz, H. and K. Lehn. 1985. The Structure of Corporate Ownership: Causes and Consequences. Journal of Political Economy. Vol. 93 :1155-1177.
Drazin, R. and H. Rao. 2002. Harnessing managerial knowledge to implement productline extensions: How do mutual fund families allocate portfolio managers to old and new funds? Academy of Management Journal 45: 609-619.
Dyer, Jeffrey H., Hal B. Gregersen, and Clayton M. Christensen. 2009. The Innovator’s DNA. Harvard Business Review 87(12): 60-67.
Ferris, S. P., Jayaraman, N., & Sabherwal, S. (2013). CEO Overconfidence and International Merger and Acquisition Activity. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 48(1), 137-164.
Giddens, A. 1998. The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy. Polity Press: 44–46.
Goel, A. M., & Thakor, A. V. (2008). Overconfidence, CEO selection, and corporate governance. Journal of Finance, 63(6), 2737-2784.
Gong,Y., J.C. Huang and J.L. Farh. 2009. Employee learning orientation, transformational leadership, and employee creativity: The mediating role of employee creative self-efficacy. Academy of Management Journal 52(4): 765-778.
Graham, J. R., & Harvey, C. (2001). The Theory and Practice of Corporate Finance: Evidence from the Field. Journal of Financial Economics, 60(2-3), 187-243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-405X(01)00044-7
Graham, J. R., Harvey, C. R., & Puri, M. (2008). Managerial Attitudes and Corporate Actions. Working paper.
Graham, J. R., Harvey, C. R., & Puri, M. (2013). Managerial Attitudes and Corporate Actions. Journal of Financial Economics, 109(1), 103-121.
Griffin, B. and B. Hesketh. 2003. Adaptable Behaviors for Successful Work and Career Adjustment. Australian Journal of Psychology 55(2): 65-73.
Hackbarth, D., Hennessy, C., & Leland, H. (2007). Can the Tradeoff Theory Explain Debt Structure? Review of Financial Studies, 20(5), 1389-1428.
Hadlock, Charles, J. 1998. Ownership, Liquidity, and Investment. The Rand Journal of Economics 29(3): 487-508.
Hambrick, D. C. and P. A. Mason. 1984. Upper echelons: The organizations as a reflection of its top managers. Academy of Management Review 9(2): 193-207.
Hambrick, D. C., & Fukutomi, G. D. S. (1991). The Reasons of CEO’s Tenure. Academy of Management Review, 16(4), 719-742.
Hambrick, D. C., & Mason, P. A. (1984). Upper Echelons: THE Organization as a Reflection of Its Top Managers. Academy of Management Review, 9(2), 193-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/258434, http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/AMR.1984.4277628
Hambrick, D. C., Geletkanycz, M. A., & Fredirckson, J. W. (1993). Top Executive Commitment to the Status Quo: Some Tests of Its Determinants. Strategic Management Journal, 14(6), 401-418. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smj.4250140602
Heaton, J. B. (2002). Managerial Optimism and Corporate Finance. Financial Management, 31(2), 33-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3666221
Heller, D., T. A. Judge and D. Watson. 2002. The confounding role of personality and trait affectivity in the relasitonship between job and life satisfaction. Journal of Organizational Behavior 23(7): 815-835.
Hendriks, P. 1999. Why share knowledge? The influence of ICT on motivation for knowledge sharing. Knowledge and Process Management 6(2): 91-100.
Hennessy, C., & Whited, T. (2005). Debt dynamics. Journal of Finance, 60(3), 1129-1165. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6261.2005.00758.x
Herek, G. M. 2000. Homosexuality. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology: 149-153. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Hermalin, B. E., & Weisbach, M. S. (1998). Endogenously Chosen Boards of Directors and Their Monitoring of the CEO. American Economic Review, 88(1), 96-118.
Hilary, G. and K.W. Hui. 2015. Does Religion Matter in Corporate Decision Making in America?Journal of Financial Economics 93 :455–473.
Himmelberg, C. P., R. G. Hubbard and D. Palia. 1999. Understanding the Determinants of Managerial Ownership and the Link between Ownership and Performance. Journal of Financial Economics 53: 353-384.
Hirshleifer, D. (1993). Managerial Reputation and Corporate Investment Decisions. Financial Management, 22(2), 145-160. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3665866
Hirshleifer, D., & Thakor, A. V. (1992). Managerial Conservatism, Project Choice, and Debt. Review of Financial Studies, 5(3), 437-470.
Holland, J. L. 1985. Making vocational choices : A theory of vocational personalities and work environments .(2nd ed) Englewood , NJ :Prentice-Hall.
Hoobler, J. M., Wayne, S. J., and Lemmon, G. 2009. Bosses’ perceptions of family- work conflict and women''s promotability: The glass ceiling effects. Academy of Management Journal 52(5):939-957.
Hu, C., & Liu, Y. J. (2015). Valuing Diversity: CEOs’ Career Experiences and Corporate Investment. Journal of Corporate Finance, 30(C), 11-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcorpfin.2014.08.001 Jacquart, P., & Antonakis, J. (2015). When Does Charisma Matter for Top-Level Leaders? Effect of Attributional Ambiguity. Academy of Management Journal, 58(4), 1051-1074. http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2012.0831
Irwin, C. E. 1993. Adolesence and risk taking: How are they related?In. N. Bell & R. Bell(Eds), Adolescent risk taking,.CA: Sage: 7-20.
Jarboui, S., Forget, P., & Boujelbene, Y. (2014). Inefficiency of Public Road Transport and Internal Corporate Governance Mechanisms. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 2(3), 157-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2014.05.004
Jensen, C. Michael and H. William Meckling. 1976. Theory of the Firm: Managerial 65 Behavior,Agency Costs and Ownership Structure. Journal of Financial Economics.
Jensen, M. C., & Meckling, W. H. (1976). Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs and Ownership Structure. Journal of Financial Economics, 3(4), 305-360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-405X(76)90026-X
Jensen, M., & Zajac, E. (2004). Corporate Elites and Corporate Strategy. Strategic Management Journal, 25(6), 507-524. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smj.393
Jung, C. G., Adler, Gerhard, and Hull, R.F.C. 1979. Collected Works of C.G. Jung Volume 9 Part 2. Bollingen.
Kassarjian, H. H. 1971. Incorporating ecology into marketing strategy The case of air pollution. Journal of Marketing 35: 61-65.
Katz, D. and R.L. Kahn. 1978. The social psychology of organizing, John Wiley, New York.
Kisfalvi, V., & Pitcher, P. (2003). Doing What Feels Right: The Influence of CEO Character and Emotions on Top Management Team Dynamics. Journal of Management Inquiry, 12(1), 42-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1056492602250518
Landier, A., & Thesmar, D. (2009). Contracting with Optimistic Entrepreneurs: Theory and Evidence. Review of Financial Studies, 22(1), 117-150.
Lewicki, R. J. and B. B. Bunker. 1996. Developing and maintaining trust in work relationships. In R. M. Kramer and T. R. Tyler (Eds.), Trust in organizations: Frontiers of theory and research: 114-139.
Lin, C., Lin, P., Song, F. M., & Li, C. (2011). Managerial Incentives, CEO Characteristics and Corporate Innovation in China’s Private Sector. Journal of Comparative Economics, 39(2), 176-190.
Liu, C. C., S. G. Ryan, and H. Tan. 2004. How banks'' value-at-risk disclosures predict their total and priced risk: Effects of bank technical sophistication and learning over time. Review of Accounting Studies 4 (June-August): 265-294.
Lowe, E.A. and W.G.K. Taylor. 1986. Creativity in Life Sciences Research. R&D Management 16(1): 45-61
Luo, Q., and T. Hachiya. 2005. Corporate governance, cash holdings, and firm value: Evidence from Japan. Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets and Policies 8: 613-636.
Luthans, F., R.M. Hodgetts and S.A. Rosenkrantz. 1988. Real managers, MA: Ballinger, Cambridge.
Mak, Y. T., and Y. Kusnadi. 2005. Size really matters: further evidence on the negative relationship between board size and firm value. Pacific-Basin Finance Journal 13 (6): 301-318..
Malmendier, U., & Tate, G. (2005). CEO Overconfidence and Corporate Investment. Journal of Finance, 60(6), 2661-2700.
Malmendier, U., & Tate, G. (2008). Who Makes a Acquisitions? CEO Overconfidence and the Market’s Reaction. Journal of Financial Economics, 89(1), 20-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfineco.2007.07.002
Malmendier, U., Tate, G., & Yan, J. (2011). Overconfidence and Early-Life Experiences: The Effect of Managerial Traits on Corporate Financial Policies. Journal of Finance, 65(5), 1687-1733. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6261.2011.01685.x
Martínez-Campillo, A., & Fernández-Gago, R. (2010). The Diversification-Performance Relationship in Spanish Firms: Does the CEO''S Behaviour Style Matter? European Research Studies, 11(1-2), 57-70.
Matta, E., & Beamish, P. W. (2008). The Accentuated CEO Career Horizon Problem: Evidence from International Acquisitions. Strategic Management Journal, 29(7), 683-700. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smj.680
Mayo J, White O & Eysenck HJ (1978). An empirical study of the relation between astrological factors and personality. Journal of Social Psychology, 105, 229-236.
McGervey, J. D. 1977. A statistical test of sun-sign astrology. The Zetetic, I(2), 49-54
Miller, D. (1991). Stale in the Saddle: CEO Tenure and the Match between Organization and Environment. Management Science, 37(1), 34-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.37.1.34
Mohamed, E. B., Jarboui, S., Baccar, A., & Bouri, A. (2015). On the Effect of CEO’s Personal Characteristics in Transport Firm Value? A Stochastic Frontier Model. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 3(2), 176-181.
Morck, R., A. Shleifer, and R. W. Vishny. 1988. Management ownership and market valuation: An empirical analysis. Journal of Financial Economics 20 (1): 293-315.
Navaretti, G. B., Castellani, D., & Pieri, F. (2014). Age and firm growth: Evidence from three European Countries. Small Business Economics, 43(4), 823-837. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11187-014-9564-6
Nelson, T. (2003). The Persistence of Founder Influence: Management Ownership, and Performance Effects at Initial Public Offering. Strategic Management Journal, 24(8), 707-724. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smj.328
Nguyen, D. D., Hagendorff, J., & Eshraghi, A. (2015). Which Executive Characteristics Create Value in Banking? Evidence from Appointment Announcements. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 23(2), 112-128.
Olsen, K. J., Dworkis, K. K., & Young, S. M. (2014). CEO Narcissism and Accounting: A Picture of Profits. Journal of Management Accounting Research, 20(2), 241-267.
Papadakis, V. M. (2006). Do CEOs Shape the Process of Making Strategic Decisions? Evidence from Greece. Management Decision, 44(3), 367-394.
Pegels, C., & Yang, B. (2000). Top Management Team Impact on Strategic Assets Accumulation Capabilities. Management Decision, 38(10), 694-710. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00251740010379740
Pervin, L. A. 1993.Personality: Theory and Research, 6th edition, New York: John Wily and Sons, Inc.
Peterson, R. S., Martorana, P.V., Smith, D. B., & Owens, P. D. (2003). The Impact of Chief Executive Officer Personality on Top Management Team Dynamics: One Mechanism by Which Leadership Affects Organizational Performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 795-808.
Peterson, S. J., Walumbwa, F. O., Byron, K., & Myrowitz, J. (2009). CEO Positive Psychological Traits, Transformational Leadership, and Firm Performance in High-Technology Start-up and Established Firms. Journal of Management, 35(2), 348-368. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0149206307312512
Pulakos, E. D., N. Schmitt, D. W. Dorsey, S. Arad, , J. W. Hedge and W. C. Borman. 2002. Predicting Adaptive Performance: Further Tests of a Model of Adaptability. Human Performance 15(4): 299-323.
Pulakos, E. D., S. Arad, M. A. Donovan and K. E. Plamondon. 2000. Adaptively in the workplace: Development of a taxonomy of adaptive performance. Journal of Applied Psychology 85(4): 612-624..
Richard, O., & Shelor, R. (2002). Linking Top Management Team Age Heterogeneity to Firm Performance: Juxtaposing Two Mid-Range Theories. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 13(6), 958-974.
Roll, R. (1986). The Hubris Hypothesis of Corporate Takeovers. Journal of Business, 59(2), 197-216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/296325
Rosenstein, S. and G. Jeffrey Wyatt. 1990. Outside Directors, Board Independence, and Shareholder Wealth. Journal of Financial Economics.
Ryan, H. E., & Wiggins, R. A. (2002). The Interactions between R&D Investment Decisions and Compensation Policy. Financial Management, 31(1), 5-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3666319
Saklofske, D. H. 1982 An empirical study of personality and astrological factors. The Journal of Psychology, 1982, 110, 275-280.
Schramm, W. 1954. How communication works. In W. Schramm (Ed.), The process and effects of communication. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press: 3-26.
Sharma, N. and P. G. Patterson. 1999. The impact of communication effectiveness and service quality on relationship commitment in consumer, professional services, The Journal of Services Marketing 13(2): 151-170.
Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. (1989). Management Entrenchment: The Case of Manager-Specific Investments. Journal of Financial Economics, 25(1), 123-139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-405X(89)90099-8
Silverman, B. 1971. Studies of astrology. Journal of Psychology, 1971(2), 141-149.
Sinclair,M. and M. N. Ashkanasy. 2005. Intuition Myth or a Decision-making Tool? Management learning 36(3): 353-370.
Strebulaev, I. A., & Yang, B. (2013). The Mystery of Zero-Leverage Firms. Journal of Financial Economics, 109(1), 1-23.
Subrahmanyam, A. (2007). Behavioural Finance: A Review and Synthesis. European Financial Management, 14(1), 12-29.
Teresa M. and M. Khaire. 2008. Creativity and the Role of the Leader,Harvard Business Review.
Tregear, A. and M. Gorton. 2009. The challenges of sharing: brands as club goods, European Journal of Marketing 43(5/6): 826-842.
Tung, R. L. 1982. Selection and Training Procedures of U. S., European, and Japanese Multinationals, Califomia Management Review 25(1): 57-71.
Wales, W. J., Patel, P. C., & Lumpkin, G. T. (2013). In Pursuit of Greatness: CEO Narcissism, Entrepreneurial Orientation, and Firm Performance Variance. Journal of Management Studies, 50(6), 1041-1069. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joms.12034
Weinzimmer, L. G. (1997). Top Management Team Correlates of Organizational Growth in a Small Business Context: A Comparative Study. Journal of Small Business Management, 35(3), 1-9.
Wiersema, M. F., & Bantel, K. A. (1992). Top Management Team Demography and Corporate Strategic Change. Academy of Management Journal, 35(1), 91-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/256474

12星座館,網址:http://www.12hz.com/
星之宮殿網站,網址:http://www.12hz.com/extracts/12hs_info2.htm
國際占星研究院網站,網址:http://rodmagic.pixnet.net/blog/post/6369656
統一投信星座理財網站,網址:http://www.ezmoney.com.tw/doc/doc.aspx?UnitId=91
摘星奇園,網址:http://www.oocities.org/stkgss6a/star.htm


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔