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研究生:康嘉蘭
研究生(外文):Patcharapron Kanma
論文名稱:跨區域與跨國影響泰國主要部門所得域工資價主要因素的分析
論文名稱(外文):Major Factors Affecting Thailand GDP and Wage Premium by Sectors across Regions and Countries
指導教授:黃琮琪黃琮琪引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tseng-Chyi Hwang
口試委員:陳淑恩陳昇鴻
口試委員(外文):Shwu-En ChenSheng-Hung Chen
口試日期:2016-01-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:應用經濟學系所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:49
中文關鍵詞:國內生產毛額外國直接投資
外文關鍵詞:GDPFDI
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本研究利用一般化最小平方法(GLS)分析影響泰國國內生產毛額(GDP)與製造業和服務業工資溢價(wage premium)的主要因素。本論文的主要目標為創造一個模型以解釋泰國經濟成長與工資溢價的影響以及提出政策建議。收集2005-2014年間的季次級資料,包括製造與服務部門的私營工資溢價及國內生產毛額(GDP),也包括從六個地區及國家的外國直接投資(FDI)。實證過程中,季節性的虛擬變數被用來估計季節波動結構。實證估計結果可以獲得二個主要結論。
第一,影響工資溢價的因素估計結果顯示製造業部門中,中國與日本技術熟練的勞工與工資溢價有統計上的顯著性;在匯率方面,香港為唯一一個有統計上的顯著性。於第一季,所有地區及國家在工資溢價也有顯著關聯,但是變異係數為負值。於第二季,除了香港之外,其他國國家或區域全部具備統計上的顯著性。就服務部門而言,僅有東南亞國家聯盟(ASEAN)、歐盟(EU)、香港、日本、美國(US)的技術熟練勞工具備統計上的顯著性。然而,於第二季顯示僅有歐盟(EU)、日本、香港與美國(US) 具備統計上的顯著性。
第二,影響泰國國內生產毛額(GDP)的重要因素在製造業部分,顯示來自日本、歐盟(EU)與美國(US)之外國直接投資(FDI)有統計上的影響。而且,除了日本之外,所有地區及國家的工資溢價與國內生產毛額(GDP)之間呈現統計上的顯著性。此外,所有地區及國家的匯率對於國內生產毛額(GDP)亦呈現負向統計上的顯著性。在虛擬變數方面,第一及第三季所有地區及國家的估計結果都有統計上的顯著性,然而第二季僅有東南亞國家聯盟(ASEAN)、歐盟(EU)、香港與日本有統計上的顯著性。本研究進一步證實外國直接投資 對泰國的經濟與私部門的工資溢價產生極大的影響。

This research analyzed the major factors affecting Thailand GDP and wage premium in manufacturing and service sectors by utilizing Generalized Least Squares (GLS) approach. The main objective of this study was to create a model in order to explain Thai economic growth and wage premium through exploring policy suggestion. The data was collected from quarter period during 2005-2014, obtaining from FDI inflow of six regions and countries, wage premium and GDP of Manufacturing and Service sectors, skilled-labor and exchange rate. In addition, the dummy variable was used in quarter. The estimation was estimated into the two results.
Firstly, estimated results show that there are factors affecting wage premium. In manufacturing sector, it was found that skilled-labor had a significant effect in China and Japan. Exchange rate had a significant effect only in Hong Kong. In the first quarter, all regions and countries had a negative effect with statistical significance. In the second quarter, they also had a negative effect with statistical significance, except Hong Kong. In terms of service sector, only skilled-labor of ASEAN, EU, Hong Kong, Japan, US were related significant effect. However, in the second quarter, EU, Japan, Hong Kong, and US were statistically significant.
Secondly, estimated results show that there are factors affecting GDP. In manufacturing sector, FDI of Japan, EU and US had a significant effect to the GDP. Wage Premium of all regions and countries, except Japan, presented a significant effect to the GDP. Exchange rate had a negative significant effect in all regions and countries. Dummy variable had statistically significant effect in primarily of all quarters. All regions and countries were found significant in the first and third quarter while in the second quarter, there were only ASEAN, EU, Hong Kong and Japan had a significant


Content
Chapter 1 Introduction .......................................................................................................1
1.1. Statement of the Problem....................................................................................1
1.2. Objective ............................................................................................................3
1.3. Scope and Limitation..........................................................................................3
1.4. Research Arrangement and Research Procedure................................................4
Chapter 2 Research Background and the Conceptual Framework ...............................6
2.1 Overview of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Thailand.................................6
2.2 Investment in Thailand and Thailand’s FDI law................................................11
2.3 Majors Business Activity and GDP...................................................................12
2.4 Demographic of Labor and Wage Structure......................................................14
2.5 Exchange Rate....................................................................................................17
2.6 Theoretical and Conceptual Framework............................................................18
Chapter 3 Literature Review and Methodology..............................................................20
3.1 The Review of Factors Affecting Wage Premium and GDP….........................20
3.1.1 GDP and FDI.............................................................................................20
3.1.2 Wage Premium and FDI............................................................................21
3.1.3 FDI and Exchange Rate.............................................................................22
3.1.4 Exchange Rate and GDP...........................................................................23
3.1.5 Generalized Lest Square and Methodology..............................................24
3.2 Data Collecting...................................................................................................25
3.3 Theoretical Model..............................................................................................27
3.3.1 Generalized Lest Square (GLS)..........................................................27
3.3.2 GLS Estimator.....................................................................................28
3.3.3 Empirical Model..................................................................................29
Chapter 4 Empirical Estimation and Results..................................................................30
4.1 Results of Factors Affecting Wage premium.....................................................31
4.2 Results of Factors Affecting GDP......................................................................35
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Suggestion..............................................................................40
5.1 Factors Affecting on Wage Premium and Policy Remark................................ 40
5.2 Factors Affecting on GDP and Policy Remark................................................. 41
References...........................................................................................................................44

List of tables
Table 1 Percentage of Share Project with Foreigner in Thailand..........................................7
Table 2 Variable Definition..................................................................................................26
Table 3 Descriptive Statistic Variable GDP and Wage Premium of Private Sector
by Business sector...................................................................................................26
Table 4 Descriptive Statistic Variable Skilled-labor and Exchange Rate............................27
Table 5 Descriptive Statistic of FDI by Regions and Countries..........................................27
Table 6 Result of Constant and Statistic of Factors Affecting Wage Premium
on Manufacturing Sector........................................................................................32
Table 7 Result of Constant and Statistic of Factors Affecting Wage Premium
on Service Sector....................................................................................................34
Table 8 Result of Constant and Statistic of Factors Affecting GDP
on Manufacturing Sector.........................................................................................37
Table 9 Result of Constant and Statistic of Factors Affecting GDP on Service Sector.......39



List of figures
Figure 1. Research procedure ................................................................................................5
Figure 2 FDI inward to Thailand 1970-2014.........................................................................8
Figure 3 FDI inward to Thailand by region and country Q1/2005-Q4/2014.........................9
Figure 4 GDP at current market prices by business sector..................................................13
Figure 5 Active worker 15 years of age and over by age group……..................................15
Figure 6 Average wage of private sector per quarter on business sectors...........................16
Figure 7 Exchange rate (Baht: USD)....................................................................................18
Figure 8 Conceptual framework of estimation of wage premium……...............................19
Figure 9 Conceptual framework of estimation of GDP.......................................................19


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