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 肺功能測量是透過儀器測量肺部功能來「定量」呼吸系統的異常。可以了解呼吸道或肺臟氣體交換能力有無異常。包含用力肺容量、最大自主通氣量等。本實驗使用美國COMSED公司製造之肺功能器(MicroQuark)測量30位自願之受測者的肺功能，總共測量兩個項目，分別為用力肺容量(FVC)以及最大自主通氣量(MVV)。因為用力肺容量之測量值能直接判斷肺功能之好壞，最大自主通氣量與其有正相關。判斷人類之肺功能是否正常需要以一預測正常值做為基準，本實驗欲建立肺功能的預測正常值計算公式，將收集到的資料利用統計技術加以分析與進行擬合整理，找出最合適的數學模型。建立男女分別與共同兩種數學模型，經過驗證後男女共同模型之多重線性迴歸為本實驗最佳模型。FVC(l)=0.02254×MVV(l)+0.048313×BMI〖FEV〗_1 (l)=0.019094×MVV(l)+0.042388×BMI
 Pulmonary function is detected by instruments to measure the lung function and then used to quantitatify the abnormal respiratory system. By this measurand, capability of the the respiratory tract or lungs gas exchange could be examined. These factors include Force vital capacity, Maximum voluntary ventilation and others. In this experiment, used spirometry manufactured by COMSED the company of U.S to measure 30 volunteer’s lung function. Measured two items both forced lung capacity (FVC) and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV). Because the value of FVC can directly determine the quality of lung function, MVV has positive correlation with FVC.A normal value is reguired to analyze the pulmonary function. In this experiment, in order to find out the normal pulmonary function, the model was established with collected data and analyzed using statistical techniques. The most appropriate mathematical models were fit and indentified. Two kinds of mathematical models were established after verification. The best multiple linear regression model in this experiment for the men and women is listed as following :FVC(l)=0.02254×MVV(l)+0.048313×BMI〖FEV〗_1 (l)=0.019094×MVV(l)+0.042388×BMI
 摘要 iAbstract ii目錄 iii圖目錄 vi表目錄 ix第一章 序論 11-1 前言 11-2 研究目的 2第二章 文獻探討 32-1 人類呼吸系統 32-1-1 呼吸系統 32-1-2 呼吸作用 32-1-3 改變溫度與濕度的能力 42-2 肺功能 52-2-1 無效腔 52-3 肺功能測量 62-3-1 肺功能測量於臨床上的應用 62-3-2 肺功能器 ( Spirometry ) 82-3-3 診斷圖 ( Diagnosis diagram ) 82-3-4 用力肺容量 ( Forced Vital Capacity, FVC ) 102-3-5 第一秒用力呼氣量 ( Forced expiratory volume in one second, FEV1 ) 102-3-6 一秒率 ( The rate of one second, %FEV1 ) 112-3-7 最大自主通氣量 ( Maximal Voluntary Ventilation, MVV ) 112-3-8 總肺容量 ( Total Lung Capacity, TLC ) 122-3-9 功能儲備量 ( Functional Residual Capacity, FRC ) 122-3-10 殘氣量 ( Residual Volume, RV ) 122-3-11 吸氣量 ( Inspiratory Capacity, IC ) 122-3-12 吸氣儲備容積 ( Inspiratory Reserve Volume, IRV ) 132-3-13 呼氣儲備容積 ( Expiratory Reserve Volume, ERV ) 132-3-14 肺活量 ( Vital Capacity, VC ) 132-4 預測正常值計算 14第三章 材料與方法 163-1實驗儀器設備 163-2 實驗裝置架構 203-3 實驗對象 213-4 實驗方法與步驟 213-4-1 實驗方法 223-4-2 實驗步驟 233-5 統計分析技術 253-5-1 迴歸分析 253-5-2 變異數分析 263-5-3 殘差圖 263-5-4 平均預測殘差 283-5-5 判定係數 29第四章 結果與討論 304-1 數據分析 314-1-1 相關性分析 314-2 建立男女分別之數學模型 354-2-1 男性之用力肺容量 354-2-2 多重線性迴歸 354-2-3 簡單線性迴歸 364-2-4 變數轉換後迴歸分析 374-2-5 男性之第一秒用力呼氣量 404-2-6 多重線性迴歸 404-2-7 簡單線性迴歸 414-2-8 變數轉換後迴歸分析 424-2-9 女性之用力肺容量 454-2-10 多重線性迴歸 454-2-11 線性迴歸 464-2-12 變數轉換後迴歸分析 474-2-13 女性之第一秒用力呼氣量 504-2-14 多重線性迴歸 504-2-15 線性迴歸 514-2-16 變數轉換後迴歸分析 524-3 建立男女共同之數學模型 564-3-1 用力肺容量 564-3-2 多重線性迴歸 564-3-3 簡單線性迴歸 574-3-4 第一秒用力呼氣量 594-3-5 多重線性迴歸 594-3-6 簡單線性迴歸 604-3-7 與文獻之公式比較 62第五章 結論與建議 655-1 結論 655-2 建議 66第六章 參考文獻 67附錄 A 70附錄 B 73
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 1 人類口部呼吸之溫度與濕度量測技術

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