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研究生:蔡宗燁
研究生(外文):Zong-Ye Tsai
論文名稱:氣霧耕栽培對六種不同葉菜類生長特性之影響
論文名稱(外文):The growth characteristic of aeroponically-grown six leafy vegetable
指導教授:陳宗禮陳宗禮引用關係
口試委員:宋濟民宋妤
口試日期:2016-07-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:農藝學系所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:72
中文關鍵詞:植物工場氣霧耕萵苣葉菜類
外文關鍵詞:plant factoryaeroponiclettuceleafy vegetable
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植物工場(plant factory)是指能夠調控影響植物生長因子如光源、溫度、溼度、二氧化碳、水分供應及養分供應等的栽培系統,可提供最適合的栽培環境供高品質蔬菜的穩定生產。由於植物工場建造及營運成本高,因此一般用於生產高收益的生菜類,且急需開發高效能的生產模式。本試驗選用市面常見的萵苣(Luctuca sativa L.)栽培種,包括葉萵苣、紅火焰菜、波士頓萵苣、鹿角萵苣、綠蘿蔓萵苣以及蕓苔屬作物塌棵菜(Brassica narinosa L.)等六種葉菜,在植物工場進行氣霧耕栽培,測試依植物大小進行三階段栽培提升生產效能的可行性。植物工場內六種葉菜三階段氣霧耕栽培的生產資料顯示,典型的S形生長曲線,除紅火焰菜需42天才達到收穫種量外,其餘品種只需28天即可。快速生長期依品種而異,最大生長速率皆發生在最後一週。六種葉菜三階段氣霧耕栽培與田間栽培比較,除綠蘿蔓萵苣及紅火焰菜外,氣霧耕栽培之植株的最終收穫重量及最大生長速率皆優於田間栽培植株。田間生長的植株具有較大的蒸發散速率,而氣霧耕生產之植株具有較高的胞間二氧化碳濃度,但所有參與試驗之植株的硝酸鹽含量皆低於歐盟限量標準2000 ppm以下。這些結果可以說明氣霧耕三階段栽培是具有生產效能的葉菜生產方式。另外根據養液循環試驗的結果顯示除綠蘿蔓及塌棵菜外,新養液和循環養液對其他四種葉菜的生長無顯著影響,透過殘留養液成分分析顯示,不同葉菜類吸收累積的元素種類不同,葉萵苣吸收較多的氮、磷、鉀,而紅火焰菜則累積較多的鈣、鎂,進一步調查氣霧耕循環栽培的礦物養分消耗將可提供養液管理之依據。

A plant factory is a controlled environment for plant production systems with artificial light, temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide, water supply, and nutrients. Due to the high operation and start-up cost of plant factories, the plant factory system is most often used to cultivate leafy vegetables that have a high-profit return and require to develop a more efficient production systems. In this study, five common lettuce cultivars including sword lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. sativa bisch), red fire lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. crispa cv Red Fire), butterhead lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata cv Butterhead), antlers shaped lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. sativa bisch x Pterocypsela), green romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia cv Green), and one Brassica variety tatsoi (Brassica narinosa L.) are selected as high-profit return materials and conducted to test the feasibility of three stage cultured method based on plant size for leafy vegetables in fully controlled plant factory with aeroponic culture. Growth data collected from the experiment of three stage culture show the typical sigmoid pattern and reach harvestable weight within 28 days of cultivation except for red fire lettuce which will take 42 days. Rapid growth rate will appear at last week and depend on the variety. Comparison of aeroponic and field-produced leafy vegetables show that the hydroponic plants grown faster, accumulate more biomass than the field-produced plants except green romaine and red fire lettuce. Plants grown at field show the higher transpiration rate, while plants grown at plant factory exhibited the greater intercellular CO2 concentration. However, nitrate content in all tested plants is lower than 2000 ppm which agree with EUs regulation. These results demonstrate that three stages culture is an efficient leafy vegetables production system. In addition, the effects of partial replacement of nutrient on plant growth are also investigated. Biomass data indicate that there are not significant difference between noncirculating method and reused nutrient culture except tatsoi and green romaine lettuce. Analysis of residues show that sword lettuce accumulate more nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium element than the others while red fire lettuce need more calcium and magnesium. The absorption of different kinds of mineral element depends on the variety. Further investigation on mineral consumption during recycle aeroponic culture will provide useful information for nutrient management.

摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iii
表目錄 iv
圖目錄 v
前言 1
前人研究 3
材料與方法 14
結果 21
討論 54
參考文獻 62



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