(3.239.56.184) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/19 06:11
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:安啟龍
研究生(外文):Daniel Asher
論文名稱:多元利益相關者下農村重建的有效土地利用規劃:以台灣七股鹽田濕地為例
論文名稱(外文):Effective Land Use Planning & Action for Rural Restoration & Regeneration via Multi-stakeholder Engagement: Taiwan’s Chigu Salt Pan Wetlands Case
指導教授:楊育誠
指導教授(外文):Dr. Yu-Chen Yang
口試委員:劉健哲渥 頓
口試委員(外文):Dr. Chien-Zer LiuDr. Clyde A. Warden
口試日期:2016-07-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:國際農學碩士學位學程
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:589
中文關鍵詞:鹽鹼濕地永續模式濕地恢復的生態工法氣候變遷下的海水農業鹽 化土地有效利用固岸生態管理
外文關鍵詞:Effective land use assessment and planningOperational modelSocial learningCoastal adaptive managementSaline wetlands management modelSustainable developmentEcological engineeringEnvironmental restorationSeawater agriculture
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:105
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
This exploratory multidisciplinary social science case study illuminates challenges/opportunities regarding the restoration/regeneration/conservation of a coastal Taiwan bottom-up 2012 implemented community eco park project – the only instance of rural communities found solicited to lead salinized ecological land use planning-management of former now government abandoned evaporative salt making infrastructure. We uncover human factors central to ineffective landscape greening actions, hence, ceased community eco park development and funding within its physio-environmental and socio-economic-political contexts.

1,800 ethnographic and photographic data images, covering 2,200 hectares of ponds area are collected by extensive field study with a portion presented in key figures; these support our improved case measures/planning product outputs and document the landscape historically. Structured former project focus group member questionnaires and interviews plus unstructured discussions are applied. Primary and secondary data are further incorporated into our interwoven analytical and conceptual framework. An adapted operational model for effective conservation/restoration action is employed and adapted to conduct a review and assessment of the former project and fill knowing-doing gaps for future iterations; unrestricted open interests and issues are gathered in an improved social process of local consensus building, visioning, and decision making toward the next potential project plan. In short, we find communication and capacity (empowerment) issues central to explaining prior ineffective actions; further, governmental funding was inadequate for realizing its well-intended objectives while overly depending on volunteerism without effectively establishing ownership and accountability for permitted wise uses; lastly, the well-established guiding principles for effectiveness in such projects were overwhelmingly not applied.

Meanwhile, significant opportunities/challenges exist with associated adaptive management strategies per our SWO/C analysis. An appropriate international existing ecologically integrated saline land/water (wetland) management model is introduced/proposed as no models were critically applied before in the case; a conceptual eco park project design is preliminarily approved at the community level; however, further assessment-planning is called for.

Numerous planning product outputs are provided for assisting existing/forthcoming multi-stakeholder collaborative decision making. We recommend that planning restart/continue via the evolved process applied; multidisciplinary feasibility studies are the next step for the proposed conceptual 90 to 2,200 ha multiple community eco park phased projects.

The case puts forth the development of a leading, facilitating Middle Down-up (MD-u) policy/management approach via a full-time functional social learning institution needed for effective ongoing assessment, planning, and management of actions toward the persistence of nature and resiliency of coastal populations.

Implications point to the ecologically productive wise use regeneration, restoration, and/or conservation of approximately 60,000 ha of Taiwan’s underutilized and/or abandoned coastal aquaculture and salt making ponds infrastructure areas. Our collective vision, recommendations, and proposed methods are in line with 7 of the top 17 consensus 2025 sustainable development goals of more than 400 Taiwan agriculture experts formerly surveyed across numerous fields and categories. Our concluding recommendations and propositions should be further considered and explored via the sustainable development and adaptive management practices of ecologically integrated seawater agriculture (salt loving halophyte crops), mangrove forestry, and/or eco-aquaculture paradigms; such can significantly contribute toward addressing/reversing damages/issues/threats formerly and presently posed by contemporary agriculture and aquaculture practices, both locally and internationally, by converting challenges to opportunities, with appropriately matched strategies, mutualistic stakeholder collaboration, adequate support, and effective actions.


Table of Contents


Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………………………………………i

Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………………………….iv

Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………………………….v

Index of Key Figures, Tables, & Appendices……………………………………………………….....viii

1 Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………...1

1.1 Study’s Significance

1.2 Research Background: Conservation/Restoration Land Use Assessments & Planning………….4
1.2.1 Filling the International Gaps
1.2.2 Going Beyond Technical / Biological / Ecological Spatial Prioritization………………………..5
1.2.3 Focusing on Opportunities / Challenges
1.2.4 Researching Critical Human / Social Factors…………………………………………………….7
1.2.5 Need for More Social Science & Developing Social Learning Institutions for Effectiveness…...9
1.2.6 Pertaining to Existing Local Research…………………………………………………………...10

1.3 Study Research Questions, Scope & Purpose……………………………………………………13


2 Background……………………………………………………………………………………..16

2.1 Evolution of Conservation Biology Project Planning & Collaboration: Filling Gaps


3 Motivation………………………………………………………………………………………28

4 Research Objectives……………………………………………………………………………31

5 Review of Literature & Public Information………………………………………………….32

5.1 The Rhode Island Salt Ponds Special Area Management Plan (SAMP) Lessons

5.2 Internationally Toward Effective Conservation Biology Planning & Action……………..…….42

5.3 Tainan Toward Mangrove Restoration, Scenic Coastal Wise Use Ecological Parks, Ecotourism, Ecological Education, Renewable Energy, Land Subsidence, Sea Level Rise, Soil Salinization, & Eroding Protection………………………………………………………………………………44

5.4 Taiwan Environmental Policies-Programs-Initiatives: Act 1, Seen i-12-ish in the Developing
Story………………………………………………………………………………………………………….47
5.4.1 Ministry of Culture (MOC), Cultural Heritage Preservation Act, 2001-
5.4.2 Bureau of Tourism (BOT) Southwest National Coastal Scenic Area (SWCSA), 2003-………..49
5.4.3 i-Taiwan 12 Projects, 2009-2017………………………………………………………………..51
5.4.4 EPA Low Carbon Homeland Program, 2009-…………………………………………………..54
5.4.5 Taijiang National Park (TJNP), 2009-…………………………………………………………..61
5.4.6 Construction & Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior (CPAMI), Reformation 2010-……..64
5.4.7 Ministry of Transportation & Communications (MOTC)……………………………………….68
5.4.8 Council of Agriculture (COA) Rural Rejuvenation (Regeneration) Act, 2010-………………...69
5.4.9 COA Forestry, Coastal & Flatlands Greening…………………………………………………..73
5.4.10 COA, Fisheries Agency (FA)……………………………………………………………………79
5.4.11 MOEA, Bureau of Energy (BOE) New Renewable Energy Promotion Policy, 2013……….….80
5.4.12 Taiwan Wetlands Conservation Act, 2015-……………………………………………………..81
5.4.13 The Ramsar Convention, 1971-…………………………………………………………………90
5.4.14 Taiwan Coastal Zone Management Act, 2015-………………………………………………….93
5.4.15 Salt Loving Plants & Intro. Eco-Integrated Seawater Land/Water Management Model
Technology RD&D……………………………………………………………………………....94
5.4.16 Top Consensus National Priority Sustainable Development Research Topics According to Taiwan Agricultural Experts……………………………………………………………………126



6 Methods………………………………………………………………………………………..129

6.1 Introduction of the Social Science Exploratory Case Study

6.2 Formation of the Local Stakeholder Focus Group: Let the Locals Lead…………..…………..130

6.3 Conceptual Framework toward Operational Model for Effective Conservation/Restoration Assessment-Planning Action via Active Research………………………..……….……………132
6.3.1 Discussion of the Conceptual Framework’s Discovery………………………………….……..134
6.3.2 Description of the Conceptual Framework……………………………………………….…….135
6.3.3 Overview of Applying the Study’s Conceptual Framework…………………………………...140
6.3.4 Discussion of the Conceptual Framework & Operational Model’s Impacts on the Case……...141
6.3.5 Discussion of Alternative Theoretical Frameworks
6.3.6 Issues of Applying Theory in Case Studies……………………………………….……………143

6.4 Study Research Questions: Peeling an onion’s layers from the skin to the heart of matters.....146

6.5 Data Collection…………………….…………………..……………………………………….149
6.5.1 The Process of Questionnaires, Interviews, Discussions, & Visioning
6.5.2 Ethnography in the Field & Case

6.6 Data Analysis……………….……….………………………………………………………….154
6.6.1 Interwoven Conceptual Analytical Framework
6.6.2 Community Eco Park Project SWOT to SWO/C Analysis…………………………………….166

7 Chigu District, Tainan, Taiwan: the Area & It’s People, in General……………………..159

7.1 Where is Chigu District & the Yancheng Community?

7.2 Census Population & Statistics Data of Chigu District & the Yancheng Community…………161
7.2.1 Chigu District, Tainan City
7.2.2 Yancheng Community, Chigu District…………………………………………………………163


8 Results………………………………………………………………………….………………166

8.1 Past Land Use………………………….…………………………….…………………………167
8.1.1 The Taiwan National Salt Museum Story: It’s a lottafa China. Where’s Japan?......................170
8.1.2 The Taiyen Salt Corporation Timeline…………………………………………………………184
8.1.3 Binnan Public-Private Petroleum/Steel Processing Vs. Anti-Binnan People’s Eco-Revolt…....187
8.1.4 Yancheng Old Signs: Taiyen Salt Agriculture-Aquaculture Leisure Farm?..............................191

8.2 Present Landscape……………………………………………...………………………………194
8.2.1 Fan-shaped Area………………………………………………………………………………..201
8.2.2 Northern Highway 61 Runoff Area…………………………………………………………….232
8.2.3 Southern Highway 61 Runoff Area…………………………………………………………….278
8.2.4 Yancheng Community Eco Park Project Area…………………………………………………299
8.2.4.1 Road 176 north side…………………………………………………………………………….301
8.2.4.2 Wet west levee side……………………………………………………………………………..314
8.2.4.3 L-shaped bike path road interior sections……………………………………………………...318
8.2.4.4 SW Coastal Scenic Sea-Viewing Pavilion section………………………….…………………..329
8.2.4.5 Central Weather Bureau Radar Station sections………………………………………………339
8.2.4.6 Yancheng Community residences & neighboring salt ponds…………………………………..350
8.2.5 Taiyen Salt Mountain Tourist Area…………………………………………………………….369
8.2.6 Southwest Coastal Scenic Visitor’s Center Area………………………………………………393
8.2.7 National Salt Museum Education Area………………………………………………………...414
8.2.8 Taijiang National Park Liukong Station Visitor’s Area………………………………………..427

8.3 Problem Orientation…………………………………………….……………………………...444
8.3.1 Meet the Local Stakeholder Focus Group Members…………………………………………...445
8.3.2 2012-13 Project Initial Plans, Meetings, Objectives, & Outcomes…………………………….452
8.3.3 Project Planning Meetings & Community/Volunteer Participation/Involvement………….…..457
8.3.4 Land Ownership & Management………………………………………………………….……459
8.3.5 Funding…………………………………………………………………………………………461
8.3.6 Leadership & Decision Making…………………………………………………….…………..471
8.3.7 Project Challenges……………………………………………………………………………...473

8.4 Reflection on Alternative Future Vision, Decisions, & Direction……………………………...475
8.4.1 Project Stakeholder Satisfaction & Benefits

8.5 Visioning & Decision Making Process…………………………………………..……….…….477
8.5.1 Future Project Interests toward Consensus
8.5.2 Matching Interests to a Vision and a Preliminary Decision on Collaboration…………………480

8.6 Land Management Model………………………………………………………………………489

8.7 Problem Formulation: SWO/C Analysis…………………...…………………………………..490

8.8 Spatial Prioritization……………...……………………………………………………………495

8.9 Toward Planning Products

8.10 Toward Implementation Strategy………………………………………………..……………..504


9 Discussion……………………………………………………………………………………...511

9.1 Summary of the Study Results

9.2 Summary of Recommendations………………………….……………………………………..520

9.3 Consistency with Other Published Findings/Recommendations & Significance……...……….521


10 Conclusions……………………………………………………………………………………547
Study Implications…………..………...……………………………………………………………….549

Study Limitations.......................………………………………………………………………………..552

Suggestions for Further Yancheng Community/SW Coastal Taiwan Eco Park Project Research.559

References………………………………………………………………………..……………………...560

Appendices……………………………………………...……………………………………………….571


Alongi, D.M. (2008). Mangrove forests: Resilience, protection from tsunamis, and responses to global climate change. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 76, No. 1, Pg. 1-13.

Anfara, V.A. & Mertz, N.T. (eds.) (2006). Theoretical frameworks in qualitative research. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Aronson, J. A. (1989). Halophytes: A Data Base of Salt Tolerant Plants of the World. Arid Land Studies, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

Baba, S., Chan, H.T. & Aksornkoae, S. (2013). Useful Products from Mangrove and other Coastal Plants. ISME Mangrove Educational Book Series No. 3. International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME), Okinawa, Japan, and International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), Yokohama, Japan.

Bailis, R. & Yu, E. (2012). Environmental and social implications of integrated seawater agriculture systems producing Salicornia bigelovii for biofuel.  Biofuels Vol. 3, No. 5, Pg. 555-574. Retrieved on May, 16, 2016 from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/269870317_Environmental_and_social_implications_of_integrated_seawater_agriculture_systems_producing_Salicornia_bigelovii_for_biofuel

Balmford, A. & Cowling, R.M. (2006). Fusion or failure? The future of conservation biology. Conservation Biology Vol. 20, Pg. 692-695.

Bandaranyake, W.M. (1998). Traditional & Medicinal Uses of Mangroves. Mangroves & Salt Marshes, Vol. 2, 1998, Pg.133-148.

Barlow, P.M. (2003). Ground Water in Freshwater-Saltwater Environments of the Atlantic Coast. United States Geological Survey (USGS).

Baxter, P., & Jack, S. (2008). Qualitative case study methodology: Study design and implementation for novice researchers. The Qualitative Report, Vol. 13, No. 4, Pg. 544-559. Retrieved from http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR13-4/baxter.pdf

Biggs, D., Abel, N., Knight, A.T., Leitch, A., Langston, A., & Ban, N.C. (2011). The implementation crisis in conservation planning: could "mental models" help? Conservation Letters, Vol. 4, Pg. 169-183.

Boothroyd, J.C. & Oakley, B.A. (2013). Coastal Geologic Hazards and Sea-level Rise: Climate Change in Rhode Island. Presented at the Sakonnet Preservation Association Annual Meeting, July 9, 2013. Retrieved from http://sakonnetpreservation.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Boothroyd_Climate-Change_Sakonnet_9jul2013-final-pdfr.pdf

BOT (2016). National Scenic Areas. Southwest Coast. Bureau of Tourism (R.O.C). http://eng.taiwan.net.tw/m1.aspx?sNo=0002012

Boyko, H. & Boyko, E. (1959). Seawater Irrigation, a New Line of Research on a Bioclimatic Plant-Soil Complex, International Journal on Bioclimate. Vol. 3, Pg. 1–17.

Brock, J., Aboling, S., Stelzer, R., Esch, E., & Papenbrock, J. (2007). Genetic Variation Among Different Populations of Aster tripolium Grown on Naturally and Anthropogenic Salt-Contaminated Habitats: Implications for Conservation Strategies, Journal of Plant Research, Vol. 120, No. 1, Pg. 99–112.

Brunckhorst, D.J. (2000). Bioregional Planning: Resource management beyond the new millennium. Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam.

Campmas, L., Sabatier, F., Meulé, S., Liou, J.Y., Petitjean, L., Boudin, F., Leroux-mallouf, R., Sous, D., & Bouchette, F. (2014). Multi-scale morphodynamics of sand barrier driven by Monsoon/typhoon conditions. Paralia, XIIIème Journées Nationales Génie Côtier – Génie Civil, July 2-4, Pg. 273-280. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262698167_Multi-scale_morphodynamics_of_sand_barrier_driven_by_Monsoontyphoon_conditions

Chen, C.L. (2006). Is it the right alternative development? A case of Chigu area in Tainan, Taiwan. Islands of the World IX Conference: Sustainable Islands - Sustainable Strategies, Maui, Hawaii, Conference Proceedings, Pg. 156-167. Retrieved from http://www.kalanienglish.com/pdf/IOTW-IX-Conference_Proceedings.pdf

Chen, Y.T. (2011). Assessing a Model of Environmental Conservation Behavior on Ecological Experience Value: The Case of Taijiang National Park ( 生態體驗價值對環境保育行為模式之研究:以台江國家公園為例 ). (Master Thesis). Taiwan National Pingtung Institute of Business and Technology, Pingtung. Retrieved from http://ndltd.ncl.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi/login?o=dnclcdr&s=id=%22099NPC05744004%22.&searchmode=basic

Clark, T.W. (2002). The Policy Process. A Practical Guide for Natural Resource Professionals. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.

CNN (2015). A new sex park for Taiwan? January 27, 2015. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2015/01/26/travel/taiwan-sex-park/

Cowling, R.M. & Pressey, R.L. (2003). Introduction to systematic conservation planning in the Cape Floristic Region. Biological Conservation, Vol. 112, Pg. 1-14.

Cowling, R.M. & Wilhelm-Rechmann, A. (2007). Social assessment as a key to conservation success. Oryx, Vol. 41, Pg. 135.

Cowling, R.M., Egoh, B., Knight, A.T., O''Farrell, P.J., Reyers, B., Rouget, M., Roux, D.J., Welz, A., & Wilhelm-Rechman, A. (2008). An operational model for mainstreaming ecosystem services for implementation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, Vol. 105, Pg. 9483-9488.

COA-BOF (2014). Reforestation and Forest Products Utilization. Council on Agriculture, Bureau of Forestry, September 9, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2016 from http://www.forest.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=69831&CtNode=7915&mp=204

COA-BOF (2015). News. To Afforest, to Cherish Taiwan” Event Aims to Protect Green Forests with Actions. Council on Agriculture, Bureau of Forestry, February 25, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2016 from http://www.forest.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=72567&ctNode=7900&mp=204

COA-BOF (2016). Homepage in English. Council on Agriculture, Bureau of Forestry. Updated May 24, 2016, Retrieved May 27, 2016 from http://www.forest.gov.tw/mp.asp?mp=204

COA-FA (2015). Fishery Conservation Zone. Council on Agriculture, Fisheries Agency, December 16, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2016 from https://www.fa.gov.tw/en/ConservationZone/content.aspx?id=1&chk=f2e61b65-9996-4156-b306-67c1e96f85e9¶m=pn%3d1

COA-SWCB (2012). Rural Regeneration Benedict Community Project Report. Council of Agriculture, Soil and Water Conservation Bureau (R.O.C.), February 2, 2012. Retrieved December 13, 2014 from http://ep.swcb.gov.tw/ep/RegenerationStatus_Community.aspx?CT_CITY_ID=N15

COA-SWCB (2016). Rural Regeneration Community Projects Status. Council of Agriculture, Soil and Water Conservation Bureau (R.O.C.). Retrieved December 13, 2014 from http://ep.swcb.gov.tw/ep/RegenerationStatus_Community.aspx?CT_CITY_ID=N15

CPAMI (2010a). Introduction. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. May 7, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from http://www.cpami.gov.tw/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10754&Itemid=10

CPAMI (2010b). Prospect. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. May 7, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from http://www.cpami.gov.tw/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10757&Itemid=11

CPAMI (2011). 75 Taiwan Important Wetlands. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. July 11, 2011. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from http://www.cpami.gov.tw/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10807:2010-05-07-16-26-46&catid=15:wetland&Itemid=20

CPAMI (2013). 2012 Tainan City, Taiwan, Salt Pan (Chigu) District Annual Wetland Conservation Action Plan (101年度臺南市台區鹽田濕地保育行動計畫). Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior, Urban and Rural Development Branch. Retrieved February 18, 2015 from
http://wetland-tw.tcd.gov.tw/WetLandWeb/support-info.php?id=1260

CPAMI (2014). National Park Regulations. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://np.cpami.gov.tw/english/files/15-1000-1569,c93-1.php

CPAMI (2015). Unite Local Communities Premier Mao: Let national parks become the more precious sustainable asset. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. December 11, 2015. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from http://www.cpami.gov.tw/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=19445:unite-local-communities-premier-mao-let-national-parks-become-the-more-precious-sustainable-asset&catid=5:press-release&Itemid=3

CPAMI (2015b). Annual Budget. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. September 1, 2015. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from http://www.cpami.gov.tw/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=10759&Itemid=16

CPAMI (2016a). National Parks. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from http://www.cpami.gov.tw/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=14&Itemid=19

CPAMI (2016b). Wetland. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from http://www.cpami.gov.tw/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=15&Itemid=20

CPAMI (2016c). Urban Regeneration. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from http://www.cpami.gov.tw/english/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=16&Itemid=21

CPAMI-URD (2011a). Taiwan’s Wetland Ramsar Citizen, Overview. Ministry of the Interior, Construction and Planning Agency, Urban and Rural Development Branch. Retrieved from http://wetland-tw.tcd.gov.tw/WetLandWeb/web-en/overview.html

CPAMI-URD (2011b). Taiwan’s Wetland Ramsar Citizen, Cigu Salt Pan Wetland. Ministry of the Interior, Construction and Planning Agency, Urban and Rural Development Branch. Retrieved from http://wetland-tw.tcd.gov.tw/WetLandWeb/web-en/wetland-n0030.html

CPAMI-URD (2011c). Interactive Map of Taiwan’s Wetlands. Ministry of the Interior, Construction and Planning Agency, Urban and Rural Development Branch. Retrieved from http://wetland-tw.tcd.gov.tw/WetLandWeb/web-en/map-wetlands.html

Creswell, J.W. (2008). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd ed.). Pearson, Upper Saddle River, NJ, Pg. 139.

Creswell, J.W. (2012). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (3rd ed.). Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.

CRMC (2010a). Rhode Island Ocean Special Management Plan (Ocean SAMP) Volume I. Coastal Resources Management Council. October 19, 2010.

CRMC (2010b). Rhode Island Ocean Special Management Plan (Ocean SAMP) Volume II. Appendix: Technical Reports for the Rhode Island Ocean Special Area Management Plan. Coastal Resources Management Council. October 19, 2010.

CRMC (2012). Ocean Special Management Plan (Ocean SAMP) Science Research Agenda. Coastal Resources Management Council. June 13, 2012.

Curran, P., Smedley, D., Thompson, P., Knight, A.T. (2012). Mapping restoration opportunity for collaborating with land managers in a carbon credit-funded restoration program in the Makana Municipality, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Restoration Ecology, Vol. 20, Pg. 56-64.

Davis, B. (2004). Regional planning in the US coastal zone: a comparative analysis of 15 special area plans. Ocean Coastal Management, Vol. 47, No. 1–2, Pg. 79–94.

Egoh, B., Rouget, M., Reyers, B., Knight, A.T., Cowling, R.M., van Jaarsveld, A.S., & Welz, A. (2007). Integrating ecosystem services into conservation assessments: A review. Ecological Economics, Vol. 63, Pg. 714-721.

EPA (2012). Towards Low Carbon Society in Taiwan. Environmental Protection Agency (R.O.C), April 18, 2012. Retrieved from http://unfccc.epa.gov.tw/unfccc/chinese/_upload/20120418/low-carbon.pdf

EPA-CA (2015). PROPOSAL SOLICITATION PACKAGE for Salton Sea Revitalization. California Environmental Protection Agency, State Water Resources Control Board, for the March 18, 2015 Public Workshop, Salton Sea California. Retrieved from: http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/waterrights/water_issues/programs/salton_sea/docs/comments031115/nathan_white.pdf

EY (2009). Press Release. Private Participation in i-Taiwan 12 Projects Off to a Speedy Start. Executive Yuan (Central Government) (R.O.C), February 9, 2009.

Fan, K.C. (2002). Mangroves in Taiwan: Current status and restoration projects. Bois et Forets des Tropiques, Vol. 273, Pg. 43-54. Retrieved from: http://bft.cirad.fr/cd/BFT_273_43-54.pdf

Fan, K.C. (2007). Taiwan: Anping Harbor Mangrove Restoration Project at Tainan City. Society for Ecological Restoration, Global Restoration Network. Retrieved from: http://www.globalrestorationnetwork.org/database/case-study/?id=47

Fan, K.C. (2008) Population Structure, Allometry and Above-Ground Biomass of Avicennia marina Forest at the Chishui River Estuary, Tainan County, Taiwan. Quarterly Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 30, No. 2, Pg. 1-12. Retrieved from: http://ir.lib.nchu.edu.tw/handle/11455/74188

FAO (2014). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014: Opportunities and Challenges. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.

Gedan, K.B., Kirwan, M.L., Wolanski, E., Barbier, E.B., & Silliman, B.R. (2011). The present and future role of coastal wetland vegetation in protecting shorelines: answering recent challenges to the paradigm. Climatic Change, Vol. 106, Pg. 7-29.

Grantham, H.S., Bode, M., McDonald-Madden, E., Game, E.T., Knight, A.T., & Possingham, H.P. (2010). Effective conservation planning requires learning and adaptation. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 8, Pg. 431-437.

Glenn, E.P., Brown, J.J., & Blumwald, E. (1999). Salt Tolerance and Crop Potential of Halophytes. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 2, Pg. 227-255.

Glenn, E.P., Hicks, N., Riley, J.J., & Swingle, J. (1996). Seawater Irrigation of Halophytes for Animal Feed. Halophytes and Biosaline Agriculture, Marcel Dekker Publications. Chouckr-Allah, R., Malcolm, C.V., & Hamdy, A., Eds.

Glenn, E.P., Hodges, C.N., Lieth, H., Pielke, R., & Pitelka, L. (1992). Growing Halophytes to Remove Carbon from the Atmosphere. Environment, Vol. 34, Pg. 40-43.

Glenn, E.P., Kent, K.J., Thompson, T.L., & Frye, R.J. (1991). Seaweeds and Halophytes to Remove Carbon from the Atmosphere. Report EPRI ER/EN-7177, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California.

Glenn, E.P., Squires, V., Olsen, M., & Frye, R.J. (1993). Potential for Carbon Sequestration in the Drylands. Water Air Soil Pollution, Vol. 70, Pg. 341-355.

Hinrichsen, D. (1998). Coastal Waters of the World: Trends, Threats, and Strategies. Island Press, Washington D.C.

Hiraishi, T. & Harada., K. (2003). Greenbelt tsunami prevention in South Pacific region. Report of the Port and Airport Research Institute, June Vol. 42, No. 2, Pg. 1-23.

Hodges, C.N. (2004). Lessons from Africa…About The World. Illume, Vol. 31, Pg. 1–18.

Hodges, C.N. (2007) Selections from Global Warming: Effect, Solution, Opportunity. The Seawater Foundation, Tucson, AZ. Retrieved June 24, 2013 from www.seawaterfoundation.org

Hodges, C.N., Thompson, T.L., Riley, J.J., & Glenn, E.B. (1993). Reversing the
flow: Water and Nutrients from the Sea to the Land. Ambio, Vol. 22, Pg. 483-490.

Holm, Gunilla (2008). Photography as a Performance. Forum Qualitative Social Research (Sozialforschung), Vol. 9, No. 2, Art. 38, May 2008. Retrieved from http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/394/856#gcit

Hou, J. (2001). Cultural Production of Environmental Consciousness: Cases of Environmental Activism and Design in Taiwan. The Environmental Design Research Association, Annual Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland (EDRA 32/2001), Conference Proceedings, Pg. 128-132. Retrieved from http://www.edra.org/sites/default/files/publications/EDRA32-Hou_1.pdf

Hsieh, H.L., Chen, C.P., & Lin, Y.Y. (2004). Strategic planning for a wetlands conservation greenway along the west coast of Taiwan. Ocean and Coastal Management, Vol. 47, Pg. 257-272. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0964569104000547

Hsieh, H.L., Lin, P.F., Wang, F.L., & Chen, C.P. (2004). Towards Wetland Restoration for the "Wetland Three Musketeers”, A Horseshoe Crab, A Fiddler Crab, and A Coconut Crab. Coconut Crab Conservation Network, Research Center for Biodiversity, Academia Sinica, Taipei. Retrieved from http://biodiv.sinica.edu.tw/~coconutcrab/web/d_post_b.html

Hsu, H.C. & Lin, J.C. (2013). Benefits beyond boundaries: A slogan or reality? A case study of Taijiang National Park in Taiwan. Tourism Management Perspectives, Vol. 6, Pg. 41-52.

Hunter, M.L. (1996). Fundamentals of conservation biology. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Huwyler, F., Kaeppeli, J., Serafimova, K., Swanson, E., & Tobin, J. (2014). Making Conservation Finance Investable. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Retrieved from: http://ssir.org/up_for_debate/article/making_conservation_finance_investable

Imperial, M.T. (1999). Analyzing institutional arrangements for ecosystem-based management: Lessons from the Rhode Island Salt Ponds SAM Plan. Coastal Management, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1 January 1999, Pg. 31-56(26). Retrieved from http://people.uncw.edu/imperialm/Instructor/Papers/C_Mgt_SAMP.pdf

Imperial, M.T. & Hennessey, T. (2000). Environmental governance in watersheds: The role of collaboration. Presented at the 8th Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property (IASCP). Bloomington, IN. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/718559/Environmental_governance_in_watersheds_The_role_of_collaboration

Kefu, Z., Hai, F., & Ungar, I.A. (2002). Survey of Halophyte Species in China. Plant Science. Vol. 163, Pg. 491-498.

Knight, A.T. (2013). Reframing the Theory of Hope in Conservation Science. Conservation Letters, Vol. 6, Pg. 389-390.

Knight, A.T. & Cowling, R.M. (2003). Conserving South Africa’s “lost” biome: a framework for securing effective regional conservation planning in the Subtropical Thicket Biome. TERU report No. 44. Terrestrial Ecology Research Unit, University of Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

Knight, A.T. & Cowling, R.M. (2007). Embracing Opportunism in the Selection of Priority Conservation Areas. Conservation Biology, Vol. 21, No. 4, pg. 1124-1126.

Knight, A.T., Cowling, R.M., Boshoff, A.F., Wilson, S.L., & Pierce, S.M. (2011). Walking in STEP: Lessons for linking spatial prioritisations to implementation strategies. Biological Conservation, Vol. 144, Pg. 202-211.

Knight, A.T., Cowling, R.M., & Campbell, B.M. (2006). An operational model for implementing conservation action. Conservation Biology, Vol. 20, Pg. 408-419.

Knight, A.T., Cowling, R.M., Difford, M., & Campbell, B.M. (2010). Mapping human and social dimensions of conservation opportunity for the scheduling of conservation action on private land. Conservation Biology, Vol. 24, pg. 1348-1358.

Knight, A. T., Cowling, R.M., Rouget, M., Lombard, A.T., Balmford, A., & Campbell, B.M. (2008). Knowing but not doing: selecting priority conservation areas and the research-implementation gap. Conservation Biology, Vol. 22, pg. 610-617.

Knight, A.T., Driver, A., Cowling, R.M., Maze, K., Desmet, P.G., Lombard, A.T., Rouget, M., Botha, M.A., Boshoff, A.F., Castley, J.G., Goodman, P.S., MacKinnon, K., Pierce, S.M., Sims-Castley, R., Stewart, W.I., & Von Hase, A. (2006). Designing systematic conservation assessments that promote effective implementation: best practice from South Africa. Conservation Biology, Vol. 20, pg. 739-750.

Knight, A.T., Grantham, H.S., Smith, R.J., McGregor, G.K., Possingham, H.P, & Cowling, R.M. (2011). Land manager willingness-to-sell defines conservation opportunity for protected area expansion. Biological Conservation, Vol. 144, pg. 2623-2630.

Knight, A.T., Rodrigues, A.S.L., Strange, N., Tew, T., & Wilson, K.A. (2013). Designing effective solutions to conservation planning problems. Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2, Chapter 20, Pg. 362-383. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/4156887/Designing_effective_solutions_to_conservation_planning_problems

Knight, A.T., Sarkar, S., Smith, R.J., Strange, N., & Wilson, K.A. (2011). Engage the hodgepodge: Management factors are essential when prioritizing areas for restoration and conservation action. Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 17, Pg. 1234-1238.

Knight, A.T., Smith, R.J., Cowling, R.M., Desmet, P.G., Faith, D.P., Ferrier, S., Gelderblom, C.M., Grantham, H., Lombard, A.T., Maze, K., Nel, J.L., Parrish, J.D., Pence, G.Q.K., Possingham, H.P., Reyers, B., Rouget, M., Roux, D., & Wilson, K.A. (2007). Improving the key biodiversity areas approach for effective conservation planning. Bioscience, Vol. 57, Pg. 256-261.

Knoblauch, H., Baer, A., Laurier, E., Petschke, S., & Schnettler, B. (2008). Visual Analysis. New Developments in the Interpretative Analysis of Video and Photography. Forum Qualitative Social Research (Sozialforschung), Vol. 9, No. 3, Art. 14, September 2008. Retrieved from http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1170/2587#gcit

Koyro H.W., Khan M.A., & Lieth H. (2011). Halophytic Crops: a Resource for the Future to Reduce the Water Crisis? Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 23, Pg. 1–16.

Krefting, L. (1991). Rigor in qualitative research: The assessment of trustworthiness. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, Vol. 45, Pg. 214-222.

Lai, W.C. (2009). Ten Years of Effort Glory of Taijiang: A Brief Historical Retrospect on the Establishment of Taijiang National Park. Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior (CPAMI). National Park Quarterly, December, Pg. 6-15.

Lee, T. H. (2012). Influence analysis of community resident support for sustainable tourism development. Tourism Management Vol. 34, Pg. 37-46. Retrieved from: http://wspahn.camel.ntupes.edu.tw/ezcatfiles/t063/download/attdown/0/1-s2%200-S0261517712000520-main.pdf

Liao, H.M. (2001). Local Knowledge Regarding Eco-tourism: The Case of Chiku, Tainan ( 生態旅遊的地方認知 : 以台南七股為例 ). Master Thesis. National Taiwan University, Taipei. Retrieved from http://ndltd.ncl.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dnclcdr&s=id=%22089NTU00225021%22.&searchmode=basic

Masdar Institute (2010). News. Boeing, Honeywell’s UOP, Masdar Institute and Industry Team Launch Study of Jet Fuel Made from Saltwater Plants. Retrieved from http://www.masdar.ac.ae/faculty-top/list-of-faculty/item/5583-boeing,-honeywell%E2%80%99s-uop,-masdar-institute-and-indu-14-10-2010/

McCann, J. & Schumann, S. with G. Fugate, S. Kennedy, & C. Young (2013). The Rhode Island Special Area Management Plan: Managing Ocean Resources Through Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning A Practitioner’s Guide. University of Rhode Island Coastal Resources Center/Rhode Island Sea Grant College Program. Narragansett, RI. Retrieved from http://www.crc.uri.edu/download/Practitioner_Guide.pdf

McClanahan, T.R., Marnane, M.J., Cinner, J.E., & Kiene, W.E. (2006). A comparison of marine protected areas and alternative approaches to coral reef management. Current Biology, Vol. 16, Pg. 1408-1413.

McConnachie, M.M., Cowling, R.M., Shackleton, C.M., Knight, A.T. (2013). The Challenges of Alleviating Poverty through Ecological Restoration: Insights from South Africa''s "Working for Water" Program. Restoration Ecology, Vol. 21, Pg. 544-550.

Meffe, G.K. & Groom, M.J. (2006). Principles of conservation biology (3rd ed.). Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Mass.

Meulé, S., Campmas, L., Bouchette, F., Liou, J.Y., Sabatier, F., Sous, D., Sylaïos, G., Rey, V., Wu, Y.C., Lin, T.Y., & Hwung, H.H. (2012). Shoreline and upper beach dynamics under extreme events: the KUNSHEN experiment (Wan-tzu-liao barrier, Taiwan). Paralia, XIIIème Journées Nationales Génie Côtier – Génie Civil, June 12-14, Pg. 323-330. Retrieved from: http://www.paralia.fr/jngcgc/12_34_sylaios.pdf

Miles, M.B. & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded source book (2nd ed.). Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Mills, M., Pressey, R.L., Ban, N.C., Foale, S., Aswani, S., & Knight, A.T. (2013). Understanding Characteristics that Define the Feasibility of Conservation Actions in a Common Pool Marine Resource Governance System. Conservation Letters, Vol. 6, Pg. 418-429.

Mulvaney, K. (2013). First Biennial Assessment of the Rhode Island Ocean Special Area Management Plan Process. Retrieved from http://seagrant.gso.uri.edu/oceansamp/pdf/documents/doc_osamp_evaluation.pdf

MOEA (2009). Industrial Outline. i-12 Projects. Ministry of Economic Affairs (R.O.C), Department of Investment Services. Retrieved from http://investtaiwan.nat.gov.tw/eng/show.jsp?ID=191&MID=2#anchor12http://www.ndc.gov.tw/encontent/m1.aspx?sNo=0013020&key=&ex=%20&ic=&cd=2009

MOEA-BOE (2013). Presentation: Policy for Promoting Renewable Energy & Current Status in Taiwan. Ministry of Economic Affairs, Bureau of Energy, March, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.mofa.gov.tw/Upload/RelFile/2508/111035/2e9e6ebe-d594-4d46-822b-1110f07f8482.pdf

MOEA-BOE (2016). New Energy Policy of Taiwan. Ministry of Economic Affairs, Bureau of Energy. Retrieved from https://web3.moeaboe.gov.tw/ECW/english/content/Content.aspx?menu_id=969

MOC (2001). Enforcement Rules of the Cultural Heritage Preservation Act. Ministry of Culture (R.O.C), December 19, 2001. Retrieved from http://law.moj.gov.tw/ENG/LawClass/LawAll.aspx?PCode=H0170004

MOI (2015). MOI News. Wetland Conservation Act in effect, a determination of environmental sustainability policy. Ministry of the Interior (R.O.C), February 11, 2015. Retrieved from http://www.moi.gov.tw/english/english_news/news_detail.aspx?sn=10777&type_code

MOJ (2010). Rural Rejuvenation (Regeneration) Act. Ministry of Justice (R.O.C), August, 8, 2010. Retrieved from http://law.moj.gov.tw/ENG/LawClass/LawAll.aspx?PCode=M0110017

MOJ (2015). Coastal Zone Management Act. Ministry of Justice (R.O.C), February 4, 2015. Retrieved from http://law.moj.gov.tw/ENG/LawClass/LawAll.aspx?PCode=D0070222

MOTC (2016a). Organization. English website. Ministry of Transportation and Communications (R.O.C.). Retrieved from http://www.motc.gov.tw/en/home.jsp?id=315&parentpath=0,150

MSSRF (2013). Twenty-Third Annual Report: 2012-2013. M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Centre for Research on Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Development, Chennai, India. Retrieved from: http://www.mssrf.org/?q=publication

NASA (2011). NASA’s GreenLab Research Facility: A Guide for a Self-Sustainable Renewable Energy Ecosystem. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, Cleveland, Ohio, December, 2011. Retrieved from http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20120001794.pdf

NNC (2012). Home / Projects / Site Features. New Nile Co. Retrieved from http://www.newnileco.com/en/projects/site-features.html

NOAA (1972). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA). Retrieved from http://coast.noaa.gov/czm/act/?redirect=301ocm

Nonaka, I. & Konno, N. (1998). The concept of "ba": Building a foundation for knowledge creation. California Management Review, Vol. 40, No.3, pg. 40-54.

Nonaka, I. & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. Oxford University Press.

Nonaka, I., Toyama, R., & Byosiere, F. (2001). Handbook of organizational learning and knowledge. Oxford University Press.

NSBROC (2010). 2010 Taiwan Census Data Reports. The National Statistical Bureau of the Republic of China. Retrieved from http://ebas1.ebas.gov.tw/phc2010/english/rehome.htm

Oviedo, L.L. (1997). The Genesis II project integrated sea water farm: commercial agriculture and aquaculture. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Patton, M.Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods (2nd ed.). Sage, Newbury Park, CA.

Philipsen, G. (1992). Speaking Culturally: Explorations in Social Communication. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY.

Pierce, S.M., Cowling, R.M., Knight, A.T., Lombard, A.T., Rouget, M., & Wolf, T. (2005). Systematic conservation assessment products for land-use planning: interpretation for implementation. Biological Conservation, Vol. 125, pg. 441-548.

Pressey, R.L. & Bottrill, M.C. (2008). Opportunism, threats, and the evolution of systematic conservation planning. Conservation Biology, Vol. 22, Pg. 1340-1345.

Ramsar (2013). The Ramsar Convention Manual: a guide to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971), 6th ed. Ramsar Convention Secretariat, Gland, Switzerland. Retrieved from http://www.ramsar.org/sites/default/files/documents/library/manual6-2013-e.pdf

Raymond, C.M. & Brown, G. (2011). Assessing conservation opportunity on private land: socio-economic, behavioral, and spatial dimensions. Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 92, pg. 2513-2523.

Raymond, C.M. & Knight, A.T. (2013). Applying Social Research Techniques to Improve the Effectiveness of Conservation Planning. Bioscience, Vol. 63, Pg. 320-321.

Reyers, B., Roux, D., Cowling, R.M., Ginsburg, A.E., Nel, J.L., & O’Farrell, P. (2010). Conservation planning
as a transdisciplinary process. Conservation Biology, Vol. 24, Pg. 957-965.

RICRMC (2005). Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council: Over 30 years of accomplishments in coastal management. M. Schwartz (ed.), Rhode Island Sea Grant, Narragansett, RI.

Saenger, P. (2002). Mangrove Ecology, Silviculture and Conservation. Springer, Netherlands.

Sahney, S. & Benton, M.J. (2008). Recovery from the most profound mass extinction of all time. Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Vol. 275, No. 1636, Pg. 759–65.

Sandker, M., Campbell, B.M., Ruiz-Perez, M., Sayer, J.A., Cowling, R., Kassa, H., & Knight, A.T. (2010). The Role of Participatory Modeling in Landscape Approaches to Reconcile Conservation and Development. Ecology and Society, Vol., 15, Pg. 1-16.

Sardo V. & Hamdy A. (2005). Halophytes: a Precious Resource. Non-Conventional Water Use: WASAMED Project, Bari, CIHEAM / EU DG Research, Pg. 119-128. Hamdy, A., El Gamal, F., Lamaddalena, N., Bogliotti, C. & Guelloubi, R., Eds.

Sardo, V. & Merlo, L. (2002). Protecting Sandy Seashores and Dunes with Sesuvium Cover and an Automatic Solar-Powered Irrigation System in Process. International Symposium on Optimum Resources Utilization in Salt-Affected Ecosystems in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions, Cairo, April 8-11.

Sato, G., Fisseha, A., Gebrekiros, S., Karim, H.A., Negassi, S., Fischer, M., Yemane, E., Teclemariam, J., & Riley, R. (2005). A novel approach to growing mangroves on the coastal mud flats of Eritrea with the potential for relieving regional poverty and hunger. Wetlands, Vol. 25, No.3, Pg. 776-779.

Sayer, J.A. & Campbell, B.M. (2004). The Science of Sustainable Development: Local Livelihoods and the Global Environment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Shackleton, C.M., Cundill, G., & Knight, A.T. (2009). Beyond Just Research: Experiences from Southern Africa in Developing Social Learning Partnerships for Resource Conservation Initiatives. Biotropica, Vol. 41, Pg. 563-570.

Shang, S.T. (2009). Wetland Public Trust and Management Model in Taiwan: A Case Study of the Aogu Wetland, Chiayi, Taiwan. NSYSU Master Thesis. Retrieved from http://etd.lib.nsysu.edu.tw/ETD-db/ETD-search/view_etd?URN=etd-0706110-194026

Smith, R.J., Verissimo, D., Leader-Williams, N., Cowling, R.M., & Knight, A.T. (2009). Let the locals lead. Nature, Vol. 462, Pg., 280-281.

Soulé, M.E. (1986a). What is Conservation Biology? American Institute of Biological Sciences, BioScience, Vol. 35, No.11, Pg. 727–34.

Soulé, M.E. (1986b). Conservation Biology: The Science of Scarcity and Diversity. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.

Sous, D., Campmas, L., Meulé, S., Bouchette, F., Liou, J.Y., Rey, V., & Touboul, J. (2013). Wave setup and watertable overheight in the Cigu sand barrier (Taiwan) during the Talim tropical storm. 7th International Conference on Coastal Dynamics, Bordeaux University, France, June 24-28, Pg. 1517-1526. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262698314_WAVE_SETUP_AND_WATERTABLE_OVERHEIGHT_IN_THE_CIGU_SAND_BARRIER_TAIWAN_DURING_THE_TALIM_TROPICAL_STORM

Spalding, M., Kainuma, M., & Collins, L. (2010). World Atlas of Mangroves. A collaborative project of ITTO, ISME, FAO, UNEP-WCMC,UNESCO-MAB, UNU-INWEH and TNC. London, Earthscan, London, Pg. 319. Retrieved from http://data.unep-wcmc.org/datasets/22

Su, H.C. & Lin, H.I. (2010). A novel flood management strategy to plan eco-industry development in areas of coastal land-subsidence in Taiwan. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 37, No. 10, Pg. 553-561.

Su, H.C., Lin, H.I., Hsieh, C.Y. (2009). Feasibility Study on Coastal Lowland Wetlands Reclamation of Taiwan (台灣地層下陷區濕地化進行產業轉型初步研究). Journal of Taiwan Agricultural Engineering, Vol. 55, No. 1, Pg. 7-17.

Sun, C.L. (Julie) (2011). Presentation. Taiwan Agricultural Technology Foresight 2025. Taiwan Institute of Economic Research via biotaiwan.org.tw, August 2011. Retrieved from http://www.gfar.net/sites/default/files/files/Taiwan%20Agricultural%20Technology%20Foresight%202025%20(201108).pdf

Sun, C.L. (Julie) (2012). EFP Brief No. 229: Taiwan Agricultural Technology Foresight 2025. European Foresight Platform (EFP). Retrieved from http://www.foresight-platform.eu/brief/efp-brief-no-229-taiwan-agricultural-technology-foresight-2025/

SWCSA (2016a). Southwest National Coastal Scenic Area, English homepage. Retrieved from http://swcoast-nsa.travel/WebSite/English?LinkID=79

SWCSA (2016b). Southwest National Coastal Scenic Area. Tainan City (Jiangjyun and Qigu Districts), English. Retrieved from http://swcoast-nsa.travel/Process/Show?id=443&lang=66#

SWCSA (2016c). Southwest National Coastal Scenic Area. Taiwan Romantic Avenue, English. Retrieved from http://swcoast-nsa.travel/Process/Love?lang=66

Szczucinski, W., Chaimanee, N., Niedzielski, P., Rachlewicz, G., Saisuttichai, D., Tepsuwan, T., Lorenc, S., & Siepak, J. (2006). Environmental and Geological Impacts of the 26 December 2004 Tsunami in Coastal Zone of Thailand – Overview of Short and Long-term Effects. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 15, No. 5, Pg. 793-810.

Tanaka, N., Sasaki, Y, Mowjood, M.I.M., Jinadasa, K.B.S.N., & Homchuen, S. (2007). Coastal vegetation structures and their functions in tsunami protection: Experience of the recent Indian Ocean tsunami. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, Vol. 3, Pg. 33-45.

TCG (2012). Presentation: Low Carbon and Eco-City Projects in Tainan, Taiwan. Tainan City Government, August 1, 2012. http://www.slideshare.net/ICLEI_Media/low-carbon-and-ecocity-projects-in-tainan-taiwan-yenshun

TJNP (2011a). TJNP Chigu Community Greening Project Request for Proposal ( 年度台江國家公園家園守護圈社區環境綠美化 申請要點 ). Taijiang National Park (R.O.C), May 13, 2011. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/ckfinder/userfiles/files/20131118160736893331.pdf

TJNP (2011b). Home Guard Ring (家園守護圈). Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Retrieved December 15, 2013, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/NewListsDetailC004600.aspx?Cond=9342ccd4-8788-47a5-b731-c4596570b260&Pindex=5

TJNP (2011c). Q1 FY 2011 Taijiang National Park Service Ministry of the Interior Grant Funding Award Subsidies to County/City Governments, Organizations, & Individuals ( 台江國家公園管理處配合內政部辦理補助縣市政府、團體及個人之獎補助 經費明細表100 第 1 季 ). Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/ckfinder/userfiles/files/0_cdb14c5308828d9ac941f601df5f1bc8.pdf

TJNP (2011d). History News. 2011 annual Taijiang National Park Service application for grants to enhance the recreational fishing raft quality case review and approval results (100年度台江國家公園管理處娛樂漁筏品質提升申請補助案審查及核准結果). Taijiang National Park (R.O.C), June 21, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2015, from
http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/NewListsDetailC002200.aspx?Cond=5e5e4eae-b70b-451b-bb83-2c92b77f1e83&Pindex=20

TJNP (2011e). News. Taijiang office organizes “Chiku lagoon fishing raft of new entertainment - hearty inaugural voyage activities," (actually published in English). Taijiang National Park (R.O.C), October 14, 2011. http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/Eng/NewListsDetailE002000.aspx?Cond=14fe938c-c1c6-4008-9506-f707c3bec34b&Pindex=5

TJNP (2012a). Q1 FY 2012 Taijiang National Park Service Ministry of the Interior Grand Funding Award Subsidies to County/City Governments, Organizations, & Individuals (台江國家公園管理處配合內政部辦理補助縣市政府、團體及個人之獎補助 經費明細表101 第 1 季 ). Taijiang National Park (R.O.C), October 5, 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/ckfinder/userfiles/files/20121005-1.pdf

TJNP (2012b). Q2 FY 2012 Taijiang National Park Service Ministry of the Interior Grand Funding Award Subsidies to County/City Governments, Organizations, & Individuals (台江國家公園管理處配合內政部辦理補助縣市政府、團體及個人之獎補助 經費明細表101 第 2 季 ). Taijiang National Park (R.O.C), October 5, 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/ckfinder/userfiles/files/20121005-2.pdf

TJNP (2012c). Q3 FY 2012 Taijiang National Park Service Ministry of the Interior Grand Funding Award Subsidies to County/City Governments, Organizations, & Individuals (台江國家公園管理處配合內政部辦理補助縣市政府、團體及個人之獎補助 經費明細表101 第 3 季 ). Taijiang National Park (R.O.C), October 5, 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/ckfinder/userfiles/files/20121005-3.pdf

TJNP (2013a). Introduction. Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/Eng/AboutTaijiang/EngIntroduction.htm

TJNP (2013b). Prospects and Vision. Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/Eng/AboutTaijiang/EngProspectsandVision.htm

TJNP (2013c). Organization Structure and Duties. Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/Eng/AboutTaijiang/EngOrg.htm

TJNP (2013d). Web Maintenance Management Practices. Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/ChtOthers/Websitemaintenance.htm

TJNP (2013e). Public Information. Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/PublicInformationC006200.aspx?appname=PublicInformationC006200

TJNP (2013f). Open Data Area. Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Retrieved December 22, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/OpenData.aspx?appname=OpenData

TJNP (2013g). Scenic Spots. Nanwan Wharf Recreation Area. Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Retrieved December 23, 2015, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/Eng/SceneryView.aspx?KeyID=82562bc7-02e8-4f7e-ae07-89ad27098f4a

TJNP (2016). Public Information. Grant award funding allocation list to county and city governments, organizations, and individuals ( 補助縣市政府、團體及個人之獎補助經費明細表 ). Taijiang National Park (R.O.C). Updated March 31, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2015 and May 14, 2016, from http://www.tjnp.gov.tw/PublicInformationDetail.aspx?TypeCode=C006200&KeyID=ec090e42-edae-4324-aa7a-7e2cbc484342

Tsai, B.W., Chang, K.T., Chang, Y.C., & Chu, C.M. (2006). Analyzing spatial and temporal changes of aquaculture in Yunlin County, Taiwan. The Professional Geographer, Vol. 58, Pg. 161-171.

Tsai, W.C., Chang, T.C., & Hou, J. (2002). Uncle Ga Ong’s lagoon. International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF), SAMUDRA, November 2002, Pg. 15-18. Retrieved from: http://www.icsf.net/images/samudra/pdf/english/issue_33/629_art03.pdf

TT (2013). Academics urge action on World Heritage sites. Taipei Times, September 18, 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2013/09/18/2003572437

UNEP (1993). Management Guidelines for Halophytes for Livestock, Rehabilitation of Degraded Land and Sequestering Atmospheric Carbon. United Nations Environment Programme, ISBN 92-807-1406-6; Ayoub, A.T. & Malcolm, C.V., Eds.

UNEP-WCMC (2006). In the front line: shoreline protection and other ecosystem services from mangroves and coral reefs. The United Nations Environment Programme-World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK, Pg. 1 33. Retrieved from: http://www.unep.org/pdf/infrontline_06.pdf

UNFCCC (2005). ARNM0017: Mexico Seawater Forestry Project. Submitted to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change by SGS on November 2, 2005, withdrawn May 19, 2006. Retrieved from https://cdm.unfccc.int/methodologies/ARmethodologies/pnm/byref/ARNM0017

Verrjuit, A. (1968). A Note on the Ghyben-Herzberg Formula. Bulletin of the International Association of Scientific Hydrology, Netherlands Technological University, Delft, Vol. 13, No. 4, Pg. 43-46.

WAC (2012). Local ecological resources Symposium Series Six: Pi Chun Wetland Conservation Action New Opportunities, Chinese only. Wetlands Taiwan, Wetland Alliance Corp. (社團法人台灣濕地保護聯盟). Retrieved from http://www.wetland.org.tw/modules/tadnews/index.php?nsn=66

WAC (2013a). A 17 year history of south/southwest Taiwan meetings, events, and such, Chinese only. Wetlands Taiwan, Wetland Alliance Corp. (社團法人台灣濕地保護聯盟). Retrieved from http://www.wetland.org.tw/modules/tadnews/index.php?ncsn=18

WAC (2013b). Chiku wetlands planting one hundred human very, Chinese only. Wetlands Taiwan, Wetland Alliance Corp. (社團法人台灣濕地保護聯盟), April 2, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.wetland.org.tw/modules/tadnews/index.php?nsn=214

WAC (2016a). Tainan page, Chinese only. Wetlands Taiwan, Wetland Alliance Corp. (社團法人台灣濕地保護聯). Retrieved from http://www.wetland.org.tw/modules/tadnews/page.php?nsn=19

Walsh, G.E. (1974). Ecology of Halophytes. Mangroves: A Review. Academic Press, Pg. 51-174.

Walters, B.B. et al. (2008). Ethnobiology, socio-economics and management of mangrove forests: A review. Aquatic Botany, Vol. 89, Pg. 220-236.

Wang, S.Y. (2012). Innovative Service Design of Taijiang National Park Sustainable Ecotourism (國家公園永續生態旅遊服務設計:以台江國家公園為例). (Master Thesis). Taiwan National Cheng Kung University, Tainan. Retrieved from: http://etds.lib.ncku.edu.tw/etdservice/view_metadata?etdun=U0026-1801201222592100

Wilcox, B.A. & Soulé, M.E. (1980). Conservation biology: an evolutionary-ecological perspective. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.

Wilhelm-Rechmann, A. & Cowling, R.M. (2011). Social marketing as a tool for implementation in
complex social-ecological systems. Exploring Sustainability Science – A Southern African Perspective (eds M. Burns & A. Weaver), pg. 179-204. Sun Press, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

WRI (2015). Satellite Data Reveals State of the World’s Mangrove Forests. The World Resources Institute, February 20, 2015. Retrieved from http://www.wri.org/blog/2015/02/satellite-data-reveals-state-world%E2%80%99s-mangrove-forests

Wu, Y.C., Liou, J.Y., & Huang H.Y. (2012). The Morphological Study on Cigu Lagoon. Proceedings of the 34th Ocean Engineering Conference in Taiwan, National Cheng Kung University, November 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.tsoe.org.tw/downloads/thesis/2012C13.pdf

Yang, H.H. (2014). Taijiang National Park – Fisherman of Taijiang. Taiwan Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior. NP Quarterly, September. Retrieved January 4, 2016, from http://np.cpami.gov.tw/english/files/15-1000-1739,c145-1.php

Yin, R.K. (2003). Case study research: Design and methods (3rd ed.). Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.

Yue, C.D. & Wang, S.S., (2006). GIS-based evaluation of multifarious local renewable energy sources: a case study of the Chigu area of southwestern Taiwan. Energy Policy, Vol. 34, No. 6, Pg. 730-742. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421504001946

Yue, C.D. & Yang, G.L. (2007). Decision Support System for Exploiting Local Renewable Energy Sources: A Case Study of the Chigu Area of Southwestern Taiwan. Energy Policy, Vol. 35, No. 1, Pg. 383-394.

Zanella, D.M. (2009). Seawater forestry farming: an adaptive management strategy for productive opportunities in “barren” coastal lands. Master Thesis, California State University, Fullerton. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/305183800


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top