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研究生:林子涵
研究生(外文):Zih-HanLin
論文名稱:應用Ontology 與BIM於室內裝修工程排程管理
論文名稱(外文):Using Ontology and BIM to Coordinate Trades of the Interior Renovation Project
指導教授:馮重偉馮重偉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chung-Wei Feng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:建築資訊模型本體論室內裝修4D模擬
外文關鍵詞:BIMOntologyInterior Renovation4D Simulation
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建築工程中,裝修工程所佔總工程比例較低,由於裝修工程種類眾多、界面複雜不易整合、涵蓋專業知識較廣等特性,以致裝修工程進行排程作業時,往往需要仰賴充分的施工經驗,同時也考驗著裝修工程管理人員,對於裝修工程施工內容的了解,以及對施工順序及衝突之處理與判斷能力。
隨著科技不斷地進步,知識本體(Ontology)技術的應用層面越來越廣,發展知識本體建構知識領域模型,讓知識可以傳承與分享,再加上BIM(Building Information Modeling)技術發展漸趨成熟,能夠儲存所需資訊,促進專案生命週期間資訊交流,提高項目參與者之間的協作,並提供分包商良好的資訊交流與整合施工界面的溝通平台。
為了改善裝修工程之施工品質與效率,本研究以專業裝修總承包商的角度思考如何將BIM與知識本體導入現地裝修工程管理中,首先針對裝修工程之各類工項與界面進行解析,建立裝修工項與元件的相依關係,進一步應用BIM模型作為裝修工程資訊處理與整合之核心,期望透過裝修工程知識本體模型,提升裝修工程之施工管理成效。
本研究藉由包商施工進度表與BIM模建立4D模型,並專家訪談得出傳統裝修排程上較常出現的施工衝突,以訪談結果做為檢視依據,研究結果顯示4D模型在模擬時都能夠避免裝修排程上的施工衝突,且大量縮短在專案規劃階段管理者對裝修專案排程作業時間。

SUMMARY
The contractors need many types of trades for the renovation project. However, due to a lot of work items and complex work interfaces, it is difficult for contractors to coordinate trade’s jobs effectively. Therefore, contractors can only complete the schedule by their own experiences. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a fast developing technology in Architecture, Engineering and Contraction (A/E/C) industry, which can improve the productivity of construction process by generating variety of required information. However, it is not an easy task for contractors to apply the BIM on the renovation project because each trade requires different information. As a result, it is necessary to develop a framework to help contractors define the specifications of building BIM for renovation projects.
This research develops a mechanism to integrate the BIM and ontology to generate the sequence of the trade’s jobs. First, this research adopts IDEF0 to analyze the information requirements of trade’s jobs. An ontology model is also built based on the result of the analysis. Secondly, this research defines the specifications of BIM development. Finally, the ontology reasons the sequence of the trade’s jobs.
In the case study, this research builds the BIM model through the specifications and generates the sequence of the trade’s jobs by the result of ontology. In order to verify the renovation process, this study not only identifies the potential risks but also applies BIM and schedule to simulate the renovation process. The result shows that the developed framework can help the contractors coordinate their trades effectively.

Keywords: Ontology、BIM、Interior Renovation、4D Simulation

INTRODUCTION
Interior renovation is a traditional industry .Many trades are participating in the renovation projects. Therefore, it is difficult for contractor to calculate the renovation work schedule. On the other hand, due to a lot of work items and complex work interfaces. The contractor is difficult to plan the schedule for the trades. Because each trades has own work method and precautions. In addition, the project schedule is based on work items. In order to solve the complex and broad information requirements during the scheduled plan process, many researches have proposed to use BIM as the information integration platform and delivery of tools. But, there is not much information for the schedule plan in interior renovation works, and the relationship between work items and BIM elements doesn’t identify clearly.
For those reasons, this research develops a framework that integrates Ontology and BIM for contractors to coordinate trade’s jobs. The framework uses IDEF0 to analyze information for the requirements of each activity for ontology development. It analyzes the knowledge and experience of experts through a semantic analysis to build the Ontology model, the research builds a BIM model as case study and combines the ontology with “individuals”. The result shows that the developed framework can help the contractors coordinate their trades effectively.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
To achieve the objectives, there are four parts needed to be well-taken: 1. Analyze work condition and the information requirements of trade’s jobs. 2. Build an Ontology model based on the results of the analysis. 3. Develop BIM elements content and the Ontology information integration and application. 4. Confirm Renovation schedule management framework is the correction and feasibility.
For the first part, this research adopts IDEF0 to analyze requirements of each activity. An ontology model was also built based on the results of the analysis. This research also analyzes the relationship clearly between work items and model elements. Secondly, this research is reviews literature about schedule plan and interviews experience experts to get the sematic information for building an ontology model. The third part is developing BIM elements such as equipment and ontology information integration and application. On the other hand. BIM-warehouse structure is defined. Finally, this study uses the 4D simulation to verify the process of renovation works.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The proposed framework was used BIM and ontology to plan the schedule. The results show that the Ontology can assist workers to foresee the construction site conditions, analyze the work sequence in each zone and equipment’s plan paths. It also provides knowledge and information regarding to schedule. The process of information integration the result of inferences, provide feedback and BIM schedule information. In addition, it helps to develop BIM element warehouse which is needed for schedule information and develop the user guide for BIM.
CONCLUSION
The research contribution of this study is to define and apply the ontology to analysis the knowledge of renovation. This research defines the specifications of BIM development. Using warehouse and XML file to deliver the BIM information to Ontology model. Finally, checking the schedule plan is achievable and delivers the information to trades. For the future research, this study suggests three key points such as: (1) An ontology model consist more factor of the schedule plan. (2)The ontology input BIM information automatically (3) Expand the content of warehouse.

摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 V
目錄 VI
表目錄 IX
圖目錄 X
第1章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 研究範圍 5
1.4 研究流程 6
1.5 論文架構 8
第2章 研究問題陳述與文獻回顧 9
2.1 研究問題陳述 9
2.2 解析裝修排程管理 11
2.3 BIM應用於裝修工程管理現況 12
2.4 BIM應用於4D模擬與排程 14
2.5知識本體發展於工程管理現況 18
2.6小結 19
第3章 研究方法 21
3.1 BIM建模與模擬工具 21
3.1.1 Autodesk Revit 2015 21
3.1.2 Autodesk Navisworks 2016 22
3.2 IDEF0分析法 22
3.3 Microsoft Project 2010 24
3.4 Ontology 24
3.4.1 Protégé 26
3.4.2 SWRL規則 27
3.5 小結 28
第4章 應用知識本體與BIM建構室內裝修排程架構 29
4.1 裝修工程專案特性 30
4.2 解析裝修工程分包工項 31
4.3 裝修工程排程模式 33
4.3.1工項特性影響因素 34
4.3.2 分析裝修工項界面關係 35
4.4 裝修工程資源管理模式 37
4.4.1裝修物料管理 37
4.4.2裝修設備管理 39
4.5解析裝修工項與元件之關係 40
4.6資訊解析架構 43
4.7建構知識本體模型架構 44
4.7.1 SWRL規則建立 47
4.8 分析元件庫架構 52
4.9 BIM建模規則 54
4.9.1 應用知識本體輔助建立符合規範之BIM模型 56
4.10小結 58
第5章 案例驗證 59
5.1 案例說明 59
5.2 裝修工程施工排程規劃架構驗證流程 60
5.2.1案例初步BIM模型 61
5.3 裝修施工排程排程管理系統架構實作 62
5.3.1分析資訊整合模式 62
5.3.2 執行裝修工序分析 67
5.3.3 規劃資源放置區域 73
5.4 4D模擬驗證模式 75
5.4.1 4D施工模擬 76
5.4.2差異性分析 77
5.4.3模擬回饋與修正施工順序 78
5.5 小結 82
第6章 結論與建議 83
6.1 結論 83
6.2 未來研究與方向 84
參考文獻 86
附錄 訪談記錄 89


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中文部分
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