跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.204.198.73) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/07/19 14:16
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:鄧思潔
研究生(外文):Szu-ChiehTeng
論文名稱:重返過去與現在:《微物之神》中的創傷
論文名稱(外文):Re-return to the Past and the Present: Trauma in The God of Small Things
指導教授:張淑麗張淑麗引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-Li Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:97
中文關鍵詞:創傷離開演透見證《微物之神》
外文關鍵詞:traumadepartureworking throughwitnessThe God of Small Things
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:359
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
阿蘭達蒂˙洛伊的小說《微物之神》呈現一個錯綜複雜的創傷故事。洛伊藉由創傷敘述描寫小說主角雙胞胎不斷重新經歷並回想起他們所遺失的過去,在雙胞胎的創傷經驗中交織出一個「一體-分離-一體」的脈絡。在這樣的創傷脈絡之中,有兩個重要的時間點為此脈絡帶來轉折性的改變,第一個時間點是艾斯沙的返回,也就是他的離開;第二個時間點是長大後的雙胞胎重返他們離開的原點,這個原點便是當初年幼的雙胞胎開始承受因各個暴力事件匯集而成的創傷。艾斯沙的離開迫使年幼的雙胞胎承受極巨大的傷痛,因為艾斯沙的離開暴力地拆散年幼的雙胞胎和他們僅可依賴的母親,也拆散這三者共構的一體,同時,這樣的返回使視彼此為一體的雙胞胎必須瓦解,而失去一部份的自我。在毫無準備的情況下,年幼的雙胞胎對於突如其來的分離無法理解,也錯誤解讀分離的始末,因此在他們的成長過程之中,始終無法觸及這些暴力事件和創傷本身,更遑論創傷所帶來的創傷症候群。然而,洛伊的小說中,艾斯沙的重返伴隨著拉海爾的返回,呈現創傷使其受創主體重新面臨過去與現在的拉扯,讓雙胞胎再次回到被壓抑已久的過去,儘管他們試圖遺忘或壓抑過去的創傷記憶,逐漸掏空自己對於創傷事件的認知,這樣的重返迫使他們游移過去和現在之中,藉由熟悉的面孔和相似的創傷故事重拾記憶的碎片,再度摸索記憶中遙不可及或不可告人的傷痛。本文第一章透過凱西˙卡露絲(Cathy Caruth) 探討「離開 (departure)」造成創傷的角度,檢視艾斯沙的離開如何形成創傷和其不可理解性,以及他們如何在這樣的創傷之中倖存。第二章藉由多明尼克˙拉卡頗 (Dominick LaCapra)在創傷理論中所提出的兩種面對創傷的策略—演現 (acting out)和演透 (working through) —耙梳艾斯沙的重返、拉海爾的返回以及這本小說極具爭議的雙重結局,探討這兩個策略在小說之中如何相互抗衡,以及雙胞胎所承受的歷史性創傷和結構性創傷的糾結,使雙胞胎懸宕在過去與現在之中。本文最後一部份著重於探討雙胞胎重返他們的創傷之地後,在觀賞印度傳統戲劇舞蹈表演時,藉由拉卡頗所謂的「移情的不安定性(empathetic unsettlement)」見證了他者與自我的創傷,為重返的雙胞胎重新開啟一個見證自身創傷的歷程,並使他們得以哀悼因創傷所失去的記憶。
Arundhati Roy’s debut novel, The God of Small Things, tells a complicated story about trauma. As a trauma narrative, Roy’s novel focuses on the twins’ re-experiences and remembrance of their past in the present moment, thereby exposing a pattern of “Oneness-Separation-Oneness” in the twins’ stalled development. The crucial points of the twins’ traumatic experience are Estha’s Re-turn, or departure, and the twins’ Re-return to where they leave, the site of their original trauma. Estha’s departure forces the twins to register the force of the trauma; that is, their forced separation from their mother, Ammu, and the disruption of their imaginary oneness as twins. While it seems the twins are incapable of comprehending the significance and impacts of the traumatic accident, Estha’s Re-return, along with Rahel’s Return, “returns” the twins to a past that they try, in vain, to forget, even though its haunting impacts still elude their comprehension. This thesis proposes to zoom in on those fleeting moments when the adult twins are reminded by the presence of each other the fragmented memories of a past too painful for them to remember, moments when they begin both to confront the enigma of their trauma and to bear witness to a past that they have unwittingly repeated as they seek to return and reclaim the oneness they thought they have lost. In Chapter one, I draw upon Cathy Caruth’s notion of “departure” as both trauma and survival and read Estha’s departure, the turning point of the twins’ trauma experience in the past, as the traumatic moment when they register the vehement force of their trauma on the one hand, and on the other hand learn to survive by inflicting punishment on themselves, thereby bidding farewell to life as they knew it. Chapter Two, accordingly, delves into Estha’s Re-return and Rahel’s return, the turning point for the grown-up twins in the present, by discussing the twins’ sufferings of both historical trauma and structural trauma and by conducting a contrapuntal reading of the controversial dual ending of the novel. This chapter analyzes the entangled processes of acting out and working through, which are two strategies proposed by Dominick LaCapra in his trauma study. Chapter three argues that the twins
unwittingly undergo an “empathetic unsettlement,” as LaCapra names the ethical response the audience may have in bearing witness to trauma, when the twins are watching the performance of Kathakali. Their experience of watching the performance plunges them into a process of witnessing and mourning for their own trauma.

I.Introduction………………………………………………………………1
II. Chapter One
Departure as Trauma………………………………………………………14
III. Chapter Two
Trauma Suspended and Re-turned………………………………………40
IV. Chapter Tree
Theatric Performance as Witnessing…………………………………69
V. Conclusion………………………………………………………………91
VI. Works Cited……………………………………………………95

Abraham, Taisha. “An Interview with Arundhati Roy. Ariel: A Review of International
English Literature 29.1 (January 1998): 89-92. Web. 2 Nov., 2015.
Ahmad, Aijaz. “Reading Arundhati Roy Politically. Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small
Things. Ed. Alex Tickell. London: Routledge, 2007. 110-19.
Al-Quaderi, Golam Gaus, and Muhammad Saiful Islam. “Complicity and Resistance: Women
in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things. Journal of Postcolonial Cultures and Societies 2.4 (2011): 62-78. Web. 19 Aug. 2015.
Caruth, Cathy. “Parting Words: Trauma, Silence and Survival. Cultural Values 5.1 (January
2001): 7-27. EBSCO. Web. 26 August 2015.
---. Unclaimed Experience: Trauma, Narrative, and History. Baltimore: John
Hopkins UP, 1996.
Craps, Stef, and Gert Buelens. “Introduction: Postcolonial Trauma Novels. Studies in the
Novel 40. 1 & 2 (Spring & Summer 2008): 1-12. EBSCO. Web. 26 August 2015.
Freed, Joanne Lipson. “The Ethics of Identification: The Global Circulation of Traumatic
Narrative in Silko’s Ceremony and Roy’s The God of Small Things. Comparative Literature Studies 48.2 (2011): 219-240. EBSCO. Web. 6 July 2015.
Huggan, Graham. “Consuming India. The Post-Colonial Exotic: Marketing the Margins.
New York: Routledge, 2001. 58-82. Print.
---. “Introduction: Writing at the Margins: Postcolonialism, Exoticism and the Politics of
Cultural Value. The Post-Colonial Exotic: Marketing the margins. New York: Routledge, 2001. 1-33. Print.
---. “Preface. The Post-Colonial Exotic: Marketing the Margins. New York: Routledge,
2001. vii-xvi. Print.
LaCapra, Dominick. “Acting-Out and Working-Through. Representing the Holocaust:
History, Theory, Trauma. New York: Cornell University, 1994. 205-224.
---. “Trauma Studies: Its critics and vicissitudes. History in Transit: Experience, Identity,
Critical Theory. New York: Cornell University, 2004. 106-43.
---. “Trauma, Absence, Loss. Writing History, Writing Trauma. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins
UP, 2001. 43-85.
---. “Writing History, Writing Trauma. Writing History, Writing Trauma. Baltimore: Johns
Hopkins UP, 2001. 1-42.
Mongia, Padmini. “The Making and Marketing of Arundhati Roy. Arundhati Roy’s The God
of Small Things. Ed. Alex Tickell. London: Routledge, 2007. 103-09.
Outka, Elizabeth. “Trauma and Temporal Hybridity in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small
Things. Contemporary Literature 52.1 (Spring 2011): 21-53. EBSCO. Web. 6 July 2015.
Patchay, Sheena. “Pickled histories, Bottled Stories: Recuperative Narratives in The God of
Small Things. Journal of Literary Studies. 14.3-4 (2001): 145-60. Taylor & Francis Online. Web. 03 Feb., 2016.
Roy, Arundhati. The God of Small Things. London: Harper Perennial, 1997.
Stephenson, John S. “Greif and Mourning. Death, Grief, and Mourning: Individual and
Social Realities. New York: The Free Press, 1985. 121-68. Print.
Thormann, Janet. “The Ethical Subject of The God of Small Things. Journal for the
Psychoanalysis of Culture and Society 8.2 (2003 Fall): 299-307. EBSCO. Web. 15 August 2015.
Tickell, Alex. “The God of Small Things: Arundhati Roy’s Postcolonial Cosmopolitanism.
Journal of Commonwealth Literature 38.1 (2003): 73-89. EBSCO. Web. 10 April 2015.
---. Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things. London: Routledge, 2007.
van der Kolk, Bessel A., and Onno van der Hart. “The Intrusive Past: The Flexibility of
Memory and the Engraving of Trauma. Trauma: Explorations in Memory. Ed. Cathy Caruth. Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1995. 158-182.
Zarrilli, Phillip B. Kathakali Dance-Drama: Where Gods and Demons Come to Play. Trans.
V. R. Prabodhachandran Nagar, M. P. Sankaran Namboodiri and Phillip B. Zarrilli. New York: Routledge, 2000. Print.


連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊