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研究生:孫毅成
研究生(外文):I-ChengSun
論文名稱:高層集合住宅中間設備層噪音與振動對住戶影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):The influence of Noise and Vibration Problems on machine floor in High-rise Residential Building
指導教授:賴榮平賴榮平引用關係
指導教授(外文):Rong-Ping Lai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:建築學系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:132
中文關鍵詞:(補助、消防、自撒、連結)幫浦防振基座一般彈簧式評估指標NC值LvA值主觀問卷調查
外文關鍵詞:(AuxiliaryFirefightingAuto SprinklerCoupling) pumpsvibration basespring mountevaluation metricsNC valueLvA valuesubjective questionnaire survey
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本研究之目的在於探討高層集合住宅中間設備層之補助幫浦、消防幫浦、自撒幫浦以及連結幫浦在運轉時,所產生的噪音量與振動量干擾旁邊及上下樓層鄰戶之程度,並分別探討各種幫浦運轉時採用防振基座與一般彈簧式兩者之比較。相對消防幫浦、自撒幫浦與連結幫浦的運轉時機,當火災發生與定期消防公共安全檢查;補助幫浦其設置目的不屬於滅火使用,是保持管內一定水壓下在任何時段均會啟動。將研究結果再與居住在高層集合住宅之住戶進行主觀問卷調查,兩者比較分析並參考適用之相關評估指標後,作為評估設計與施工的成效,俾利於未來新建中間設備層的適當配置計畫,並提供現況改善之參考。
本研究結果顯示在噪音量方面,啟動消防、自撒及連結幫浦在鄰戶的量測結果,均超過(〉39~48 dB(A) ) 之Beranek所提出公寓的推薦值。至於補助幫浦只有機房上方鄰戶噪音量平均為49.2dB(A),亦超過Beranek所提出公寓的推薦值(〉39~48 dB(A) );但以Beranek所提出臥室的推薦值為評估指標,機房鄰戶的量測結果四種幫浦均超過(〉35~39dB(A) )。各幫浦均在(100Hz~250Hz)之噪音量影響較大,而在高頻域之衰減較佳。
設備層在不同幫浦運轉下振動量之量測結果顯示,啟動消防、自撒及連結幫浦在鄰戶之振動量均在60 dB之上,對照人體感受程度為不舒服(LvA〉60 dB)。而啟動補助幫浦運轉下,鄰戶之振動量均在55 dB之下,顯示啟動補助幫浦運轉時,鄰戶之感受程度為不引起特別注意(LvA 〈55 dB)。而各幫浦的最大振動量均發生在(80Hz~800 Hz)附近,顯示該頻域之防振效果較差。其次在幫浦安裝不同防振措施性能上之差異,安裝防振基座在(80Hz~1250Hz)均比一般彈簧式有較佳的防振效果,而在低頻部分兩者則是差異不大。
由於本研究實際量測之建築物不同於問卷調查之建築物,問卷之「來自公共設備的噪音與振動源」部份分析結果住戶對居住環境噪音與振動的主觀感受程度均為「稍有影響」,而實際量測補助幫浦運轉下客觀量測值之噪音量均超過臥室的評估指標而振動量並未超過評估指標。比較主觀感受程度與客觀物理量的結果是相類同,所以高層集合住宅中間設備層產生的噪音對鄰近住戶是有影響。
SUMMARY
A trend of high-rise condominiums provides housing for the nationals in our
country due to the high population and limited land resources. A high-rise
residential building will need an installation of an intermediate story mainly for
accommodating all types of fire pumps. The purpose of this study is to discuss
how the noise and vibration interfere with the residents living on the
neighboring, upper, and lower floors, when the auxiliary, firefighting, auto
sprinkler, and coupling pumps operate on the mechanical floor of a high-rise
residential building. It also compares the measurements using the vibration
base and spring mount for each type of pump.

INTRODUCTION
The firefighting, auto sprinkler, and coupling pumps operate only when fire
breaks out and when public fire safety inspection is conducted. Unlike those
pumps, the auxiliary pump is not intended for fire extinguishing, but for
maintenance of the water pressure at a certain level for activation during any
period of time. Therefore the study aims to discuss noise and vibration impacts
to neighbors caused by auxiliary fire pumps while they are in operation.
The study results on objective measurement are analyzed and compared against
the subjective questionnaire survey of the residents living in a high-rise
residential building. By referring to the relevant evaluation metrics, they are
used to evaluate the effectiveness of design and construction, to facilitate the
proposition of a proper layout plan for new mechanical floors built in the future,
and the improvement of the existing structures.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Via review of documents on how to measure the volume of noise and amount
of vibration perceived by neighbors while respective pumps are running in the
machine room, with applicable indexes concluded for assessing noise levels
and vibration amounts so that actual measurements can be evaluated
accordingly. A total of 10 measurement cases are used, respectively adopting
cushion bases and general spring supports; noise levels and vibration amounts
of different structures are analyzed and compared for further understanding
which type of base has optimal sound insulation and vibration prevention.
Format and contents of a subjective questionnaire is designed after document
review for investigating existing residents of high-rise buildings. Statistics and
analyses of subjective extents of perceptions are compared with actual readings
of objective physical measurements for manifesting the understanding of
residents against noise and vibration resulting from a residential environment.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The results of the study revealed that all of the noise measurements obtained on
the neighboring floors when the firefighting, auto sprinkler, and coupling
pumps operate exceed the recommended value (〉39~48 dB(A)) for
apartments set forth by Beranek. The noise level obtained on the neighboring
floors above the mechanical room averages 49.2dB(A) for auxiliary pumps,
exceeding the recommended value (〉39~48 dB(A)) for apartments set forth
by Beranek as well. However, when the recommended value set forth by
Beranek for bedrooms is used as evaluation metric, the measurement results
obtained for these four types of pumps on the floors near the mechanical room
exceed (〉35~39dB(A)). Each type of pump produces a higher noise level at
the frequency range (100Hz~250Hz) while better attenuation was achieved at
the high frequency range.
According to the vibration measurement results of different pumps operated on
the mechanical floor, the amount of vibration produced when the firefighting,
auto sprinkler, and coupling pumps exceed 60 dB at which people may feel
uncomfortable (LvA〉60 dB). Under operation of auxiliary pumps, the amount
of vibration produced on the neighboring floors is under 55 dB, which shows
that perception of neighboring residents is not particularly noticeable (LvA 〈55
dB). The highest amount of vibration of each type of pump occurred at the
frequency range near (80Hz~800 Hz), which indicates the poor anti-vibration
performance at this range. Second, for the difference between two
anti-vibration measures taken, the vibration base has better anti-vibration
results than the spring mount at the frequency range (80Hz~1250Hz); while at
the lower frequency range, the difference between them is not noticeable

CONCLUSION
As the building in which the measurements were taken in this study is different
from that of the questionnaire survey, the analysis results of the section “The
Noise and Vibration Sources from the Public Facilities” revealed that the
perceptions of residents toward noise and vibration are “slight impact.” The
actual measurements under operation of auxiliary pumps showed that the
objective noise measurements exceed the evaluation metric for bedrooms while
the amount of vibration does not exceed it. If we compare the subjective
perceptions with the objective physical quantities, we can find out that they are
similar. Therefore, the noises generated by the mechanical floor in the high-rise
residential building have impact on neighboring residents.
■ 中英文摘要
■ 誌謝
■ 表、圖目錄

第一章 緒論
1-1 研究動機與目的 1-1
1-2 文獻回顧 1-2
1-3 研究範圍與內容 1-3
1-4 研究方法與流程 1-4

第二章 中間設備層噪音及振動源之概述
2-1 中間設備層之設備種類與功能 2-1
2-2 中間設備層幫浦產生噪音與振動機制 2-10
2-3 中間設備層防振基座之功能及構造方式 2-12
2-3.1防振基座之原理 2-12
2-3.2防振基座之採用與構造方式 2-14

第三章 中間設備層噪音與振動之量測計畫及結果分析
3-1 現場量測個案說明 3-1
3-2 中間設備層噪音與振動量測方法 3-3
3-2.1量測規範 3-3
3-2.2量測儀器與方法 3-3
3-3 中間設備層噪音與振動評估方式 3-5
3-4 不同幫浦運轉下各樓層噪音量分析 3-6
3-4.1設備層之機房空間在不同幫浦運轉下之量測結果 3-6
3-4.2設備層之機房空間在不同幫浦運轉下之頻率分析 3-12
3-5 不同幫浦運轉下各樓層振動量分析 3-16
3-5.1設備層之機房空間在不同幫浦運轉下之量測結果 3-16
3-5.2設備層之機房空間在不同幫浦運轉下之頻率分析 3-20
3-6 不同構造方式下防振基座之性能分析 3-24
3-6.1不同構造方式下防振基座之噪音量比較 3-24
3-6.2不同構造方式下防振基座之振動量比較 3-33

第四章 住戶對中間設備層主觀意識之調查及結果分析
4-1 問卷的目的、調查對象及內容 4-1
4-2 居住環境之主觀評價分析 4-5

第五章 結論
5-1 結論 5-1
5-2 後續研究建議 5-2

■ 參考文獻
■ 附錄(一) 十個量測個案量測點平面分佈示意圖
附錄(二) 十個量測個案噪音量分析圖
附錄(三) 十個量測個案振動量分析圖
附錄(四) 住戶對中間設備層與居住環境之調查問卷
(一) 中文部分
C01 營建署,〝建築技術規則〞
C02 消防署,〝消防法〞、〝各類場所消防安全設備設置標準〞、〝各解釋令〞
C03 環保署,〝噪音管制標準〞、〝噪音管制區劃定作業準則〞
C04 陳火炎,2014,〝新版圖解水系統滅火設備〞,鼎茂圖書公司
C05 行政院環境保護署,〝噪音原理、防制材料-簡介手冊〞
C06 張錦松、韓光榮、張錦輝,2012,〝噪音振動控制〞,高立圖書公司
C07 王柏村,2000〝振動學〞,全華圖書公司
C08 朱光漢,王正玲,1992,〝傳入人體的振動和環境振動的評價與標準〞,振動與衝擊第43期
C09 成功大學建築研究所環境控制研究室,1994,〝新建築與設備的接點〞,六合出版社
C10 江哲銘,1993,〝建築物室內生活噪音及振動之評估研究〞,行政院國科會專題研究
C11 黃士賓,2006,〝住宅室內生活噪音源及居民反應之調查〞,建築學會「建築學報」第56期
C12 陳尚鋒,1998,〝步行引致樓板振動之預測與評估〞,成功大學建築研究所碩士論文

(二) 日文部分
J01 社團法人日本噪音制御工學會,1999,〝建築設備的噪音對策-第3册〞,技報堂
J02 日本音響學會編,1982,〝音響工學講座-第4 & 5卷-(噪音‧振動-上&下册)〞CORONA PUBLISHING CO. LTD.
J03 田野 正典,1998.3,〝防振效果的推定法〞,音響技術No.101
J04 平松 友孝,1988.3,〝固體音的傳遞特性的預測法〞,音響技術No.101
J05 加來 治郎,1995.6,〝室內噪音的評價基準〞,音響技術No.90
J06 櫛田 裕,1995.6,〝體感振動的評價〞,音響技術No.90
J07 田野 正典,1995.6,〝防振性能的評價〞,音響技術No.90

(三) 英文部分
E01 Malcolm J. Crocker,2008,〝Handbook of noise and vibration control〞,Wiley
Chapter 43 :〝Noise and vibration measurements〞,pp501~525Pedro R. Valletta and Malcolm J. Crocker
Chapter 73 :〝Pumps and pumping system noise and vibration prediction and control〞,pp897~909 Mirko Cudina
Chapter 106:〝Ratings and Descriptors for the built acoustical environment〞,pp1267~1282Gregory C. Tocci
Chapter 130:〝Community noise ordinances〞,pp1525~1532 J. Luis Bento Coelho
E02 Yi. Yun,2011,〝Structure-borne sound transmission from vibratory equipment to coupling structures in buildings〞,Hong Kong Polytechnic University,ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
E03 Istvan L. Ver and Leo L.Beranek,2006,〝Noise and vibration control engineering principles and application〞,Wiley,pp888~905
E04 Osama A. B. Hassan,2009,〝Building acoustics and vibration theory and practice〞,World scientific,pp810~832
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