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研究生:洪德彰
研究生(外文):Te-ChangHung
論文名稱:具過載電流抑制之電子式斷路器
論文名稱(外文):Solid-state Circuit Breaker with Overload Current Limiting
指導教授:陳建富陳建富引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jiann-Fuh Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩士在職專班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:56
中文關鍵詞:斷路器過載電流抑制MOSFET飽和區線性區截止區
外文關鍵詞:circuit breakeroverload current limitingMOSFETsaturation regionlinear regioncut-off region
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本論文利用金屬氧化物半導體場效電晶體(MOSFET)其截止與線性區之開關特性與飽和區之控制電流特性,研製具快速跳脫時間與過載電流抑制功能之電子式斷路器。由於其故障電流防護能力比傳統斷路器快速靈敏,本電子式斷路器提供比傳統斷路器更為周全之故障電流保護能力。故障電流抑制功能亦不同於常見故障電流抑制器使用電感達到其目的,因此本電子式斷路器之成品體積相較於一般故障電流抑制器則更為精巧。
內容包含本文線路之理念技術與控制迴路之設計,並利用模擬軟體得到先期驗證,最後透過N通道金屬氧化物半導體場效電晶體與比較器實現產品原型,達成工作電壓為交流220V,額定電流30A,保護觸發條件為峰值45A之電子式斷路器。實驗證明本電子式斷路器具有10微秒內快速過載關斷保護與最大90A之精準故障電流抑制能力,說明本文提出之電子式斷路器可提供周全的過載電流保護能力。
According to the characteristics of MOSFET, MOSFET can be operated in linear region, cut off region and saturation region. The proposed solid state circuit breaker utilizes the characteristics of MOSFET operating in saturation region . It offers a short tripping time and precise current limiting during overload current fault. The proposed solid state circuit breaker possesses the advantages of conventional circuit breakers, which offers a comprehensive protection to those devices that is sensitive to electric fault. There is no additional current limit inductor such as general fault current limiters. Therefore, the size of product is smaller than general fault current limiters.
In this thesis, the operational principle of the circuit will be described in detail and simulation is presented. Then, a proposed solid state circuit breaker is implemented, the given specifications are AC 220V operating voltage, 30A nominal current capability and 45A peak current for protection. Finally, the experimental result shows that the proposed circuit breaker can perform a short tripping time which is 10µs and a precise current limiting which is limited to 90A. Therefore, the capability of proposed circuit breaker is shown to provide a comprehensive protection.
摘要………………………………………………………………….………I
Abstract………………………………………………………………….…..II
誌謝……………………………………………………………………….III
Content……………………………………………………………………...IV
List of Figures………………………………………………………………VI
List of Tables……………………………………………………………..VII
Chapter 1 Introduction……………………………….………..1
1.1 Background……………………………………………………..…….1
1.2 Purpose of research……………………………………………..…….2
1.3 Thesis outline…………………………………………………..……..3
Chapter 2 Characteristics of Coventional Circuit Breaker and Fault Current Limiter…………………………………..…………….5
2.1 Characteristics of circuit breaker……………………………………..5
2.2 Principle of low-voltage circuit breaker..……………………………..7
2.3 Solid-state circuit breaker……………………………………………..8
2.4 Fault current limiter………………………………………………...11
2.5 Summary…………………………………………………...………...17
Chapter 3 Solid-state Circuit Breaker with Overload Current Limiting………………………………………………………..19
3.1 Characteristics of MOSFET………………………………………..19
3.2 Solid-state circuit breaker with over current limiting……………...22
3.3 Summarry…………………………………………………………...27
Chapter 4 Control Element and Simulation………………................29
4.1 Features of control element………………………………………….29
4.2 Simulations…………………………………………………………..33
Chapter 5 Experimental Results…………………………………..…..43
5.1 Prototype implementation…………………………………………...43
5.2 Experimental results of short circuit current………………………..45
5.3 Transient current immunity………………………………………….48
5.4 Efficiency measurement……………………………………………..48
5.5 Summary……………………………………………………………50
Chapter 6 Conclusions and Future works……………………..…51
References…………………………………………………………………53

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[7]S. Kamtip and K. Bhumkittipich, “Comparison between Mechanical Circuit Breaker and Solid State Circuit Breaker under Abnormal Conditions for Low Voltage Systems, in 18th Int. Conf. Electrical Machines and System, Pattaya ,Thailand, Oct. 25-28, 2015, pp. 1091 - 1096.
[8]W. Pusorn, W.Srisongkram, K.Chiangchin, and K. Bhumkittipich, “Solid State Circuit Breaker Using Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor for Distribution System Protection, in Proc. 2014 Int. Electrical Engineering Congress, Chonburi, Thailand, Mar. 19-21, 2014, pp. 1-4.
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(http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v525/n7567/abs/nature14964.html)
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[16]“SPW47N60C3 Cool MOSTM Power Transistor[Data Sheet], Infineon Technologies AG,
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