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研究生:吳柏憲
研究生(外文):Po-HsienWu
論文名稱:徑向超音波發射器之研製
論文名稱(外文):Development of a Radial-Type Ultrasonic Radiator
指導教授:王逸君
指導教授(外文):Yi-Chun Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:機械工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:超音波表面機械處理有限元素法基因演算法徑向發射器
外文關鍵詞:UltrasoundMechanical surface treatmentFinite element methodGenetic algorithmRadial-type ultrasonic radiator
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超音波能量的使用日新月異,其在工業上的發展始於藍杰文式壓電換能器的出現,在近期已經成為表面機械處理、超音波萃取與降解等技術的核心,但是限於換能器僅能產生縱向的超音波能量,因此有了不同類型的發射器的研製。本文使用有限元素分析與基因演算法設計一個浸水式超音波發射系統,以特定頻率驅動自製的藍杰文壓電換能器並結合階梯型變幅桿放大能量,再藉由徑向發射器的幾何設計使能量傳遞由縱向轉變成徑向的超音波能量發射,對置於發射器同軸心位置之圓型管件表面產生集中的聲壓場。實驗結果與COMSOL模擬分析顯示,不同的共振頻率能夠產生不同分佈的聲壓場,若是以更高功率之放大器驅動,則可以進一步透過管件表面因空蝕氣泡反覆崩裂時產生的敲擊效應,探討超音波發射系統對材料表面機械處理的效果。
Applications of ultrasonic energy based on Langevin-type transducer have been in progress. Recently, the ultrasonic energy is used by many technologies, including mechanical surface treatment, ultrasonic extraction, ultrasonic degradation, and so on. Because the transducers can only produce longitudinal ultrasonic energy, there are many different developments of ultrasonic radiator. In this research, I employ COMSOL finite element method associated with genetic algorithm to optimize ultrasonic transducer and radial-type radiator and build ultrasonic radiate system in water tank. By driving homemade Langevin-type transducer with specific frequency and utilizing radiator to convert longitudinal energy to radial energy, the ultrasonic radiate system can produce radial and concentric ultrasonic energy to tube surface, which located in the coaxial core of ultrasonic radiator. The results of experiments and COMSOL simulations show that different resonant frequencies can produce various acoustic fields. If driving the ultrasonic radiate system with higher power amplifier, we can investigate the effect of mechanical surface treatment through the peening action of the tube generated by ultrasonic cavitation.
摘要 I
誌謝 VI
目錄 VII
圖目錄 X
表目錄 XV
符號說明 XVI
第一章 導論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 文獻回顧 3
1-3 研究動機與本文架構 8
第二章 超音波空蝕及應用 10
2-1 超音波原理 10
2-2 壓電效應 15
2-3 超音波空蝕及應用 19
第三章 超音波換能器之最佳化設計與製作 21
3-1 藍杰文壓電換能器之結構與特性 21
3-2 有限元素分析模型 23
3-3 基因演算法 25
3-3-1 基因演算法簡介 25
3-3-2 基因演算法流程 25
3-3-3 基因演算法之優缺點 34
3-4 PZT壓電片之有限元素分析 36
3-5 藍杰文壓電換能器之最佳化設計 41
3-6 階梯型變幅桿 47
3-6-1 階梯型變幅桿之特性 47
3-6-2 階梯型變幅桿之最佳化設計 47
3-7 超音波換能器之製作與特性量測 54
第四章 徑向超音波發射器之最佳化設計 57
4-1 徑向超音波發射器之有限元素分析模型 57
4-2 徑向超音波發射器之最佳化設計 60
第五章 徑向超音波發射器之特性量測 65
5-1實驗架構 67
5-2 LabVIEW功率掃頻程式 69
5-3實驗結果 71
第六章 結論與未來展望 77
6-1 結論 77
6-2未來展望 80
參考文獻 81
附錄A 平均功率與聲強計算 84
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