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研究生:張志勇
研究生(外文):Zhi-YongZhang
論文名稱:混合動力車用雙氣隙切換磁阻啟動發電機設計與分析
論文名稱(外文):Design and Analysis of Double-Air-Gap Switched Reluctance Integrated Starter-Generator for HEV
指導教授:蔡明祺
指導教授(外文):Mi-Ching Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:機械工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:105
中文關鍵詞:切換磁阻ISG雙氣隙多極轉子
外文關鍵詞:Switched reluctance integrated starter-generatordouble-air-gapthe higher number of rotor poles than stator poles
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馬達是汽車上重要的一部分,尤其是啟動馬達及發電機,而隨著汽車工業的發展及對環境保護的要求提升,混合動力汽車(Hybrid Electric Vehicle, HEV)逐漸成為重要的研究方向。一體式啟動發電機(Integrated Starter Generator, ISG)整合馬達及發電機功能於一體,是混合動力汽車的關鍵部件,其具備啟動引擎、發電、助動及剎車能量回收等諸多功能。
切換磁阻馬達(Switched Reluctance Motor, SRM)由於其結構簡單、強健性高、容錯率好、低速高轉矩等優點,是作為ISG的良好選項。因此,本文提出新型整合雙氣隙與多極轉子設計概念的切換磁阻ISG,提升轉矩密度,降低轉矩漣波,利用雙氣隙特有的雙定子結構,通過合理的功率分配,使ISG有良好的馬達及發電性能,並在較小的啟動電流下輸出需求的啟動轉矩,降低對驅動器的要求,減小驅動器成本。此外,本研究亦整合多極轉子的設計準則,建立雙氣隙切換磁阻ISG的設計流程。由於切換磁阻馬達定轉子凸極的非線性架構,本文利用有限元素分析法(FEA)對ISG的啟動、穩態運行、發電及剎車制動等狀態進行模擬分析,最後實際製作一樣機,以驗證設計及模擬結果。

The hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are gaining more and more attention with the concern of energy saving and carbon reduction improved. The switched reluctance motor is excellent candidate of the integrated starter-generator (ISG), which is the key component of HEVs. ISG is an important assisted power source of HEVs and PHEVs, which possesses a generator, a flywheel and a starter motor. ISG helps to starts the vehicle engine by producing a high torque and engaging the battery as a generator when the engine works steadily. This thesis investigates a novel design of switched reluctance integrated starter-generator that adopts double-gap and higher number of rotor poles than stator poles. The design not only increases the torque density per volume and fault tolerance, but also reduces the torque ripple. Moreover, the capability of motor mode and generator mode is optimized by the use of two stators. The performance of start, generate, assist and brake are analysed via finite element analysis (FEA). A prototype of this novel integrated starter-generator is made to verify the simulation result and the feasibility of double-gap design.
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 VIII
目錄 X
表目錄 XIII
圖目錄 XIV
符號表 XIX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究目的 5
1.3文獻回顧 6
1.4論文架構 12
第二章 切換磁阻馬達與發電機基本理論 13
2.1 切換磁阻馬達原理 13
2.2 切換磁阻馬達數學模型 17
2.2.1電壓平衡 17
2.2.2磁交鏈公式 18
2.2.3機械運動方程式 19
2.2.4機電能量轉換過程及電磁轉矩 20
2.3切換磁阻馬達與發電機的工作原理與相電流分析 23
2.3.1切換磁阻馬達工作原理 23
2.3.2切換磁阻發電機工作原理 25
2.3.3馬達模式相電流分析 26
2.3.4發電機模式相電流分析 29
2.4 切換磁阻發電機驅動電路 32
2.5切換磁阻ISG控制方案 33
2.5.1角度位置控制(APC)33
2.5.2電流截波控制(CCC)34
2.5.3脈寬調製控制(PWM)35
2.6可行性三角形法 35
2.7轉子多極式切換磁阻馬達 37
第三章 雙氣隙切換磁阻啟動發電機設計 39
3.1雙氣隙切換磁阻啟動發電機架構 39
3.2多極式轉子可行性三角形法 42
3.3雙氣隙切換磁阻ISG設計 45
3.3.1外定子馬達參數設計 47
3.3.2內定子馬達參數設計 51
3.4等效磁路分析 54
3.5雙氣隙切換磁阻ISG設計流程 56
3.6繞線佈置對ISG發電性能的影響 58
3.7靜態轉矩對啟動性能的影響 63
3.7.1電流對靜態矩角特性的影響 63
3.7.2定轉子極弧角對靜態矩角特性影響 64
3.7.3繞線匝數對靜態矩角特性的影響 65
3.7.4導通角度對靜態特性影響 65
第四章 雙氣隙啟動發電機模擬製作與實測結果 68
4.1雙氣隙啟動發電機模擬結果 68
4.1.1啟動 68
4.1.2穩態運轉 69
4.1.3剎車制動 71
4.1.4發電 72
4.1.5轉子偏移 79
4.1.6轉子歪斜(skew) 83
4.2 ISG實作 86
4.2.1雙氣隙切換磁阻ISG總結構 86
4.2.2雙氣隙切換磁阻ISG實體圖 87
4.3實測驗證 92
4.3.1電感量測 92
4.3.2啟動 94
4.3.3穩態運轉 95
4.3.4發電 96
第五章 結論與未來建議 98
5.1結論 98
5.2未來研究建議 99
參考文獻 100

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