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研究生:鄭昕旻
研究生(外文):Hsin-MinCheng
論文名稱:擬鹵素硫氰根陰離子及銫陽離子摻雜之鈣鈦礦太陽能電池研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies of cesium cation doped in thiocyanate-based pseudohalide perovskite solar cells
指導教授:陳昭宇陳昭宇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chao-Yu Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:光電科學與工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:鈣鈦礦太陽能電池硫氰酸穩定性
外文關鍵詞:perovskite solar cellsstabilitythiocyanatecesium
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目前有機無機混合鈣鈦礦太陽能電池最高效率為22%。然而,最常使用的
吸收材料CH3NH3PbI3 由於(PbI4)2- 遇到空氣中水分子會分解,因此以CH3NH3PbI3為吸收層的電池面臨穩定性的問題。本研究藉由(SCN)- 及Cs+ 摻雜合成FA1-xCsxPbI3-y(SCN)y 提升在大氣中的穩定性。

Pb 和SCN 有較強的鍵結以及其生成係數較大,與水分子的結合較弱,因此能提升鈣鈦礦於大氣中的穩定性。Cs 有助於降低鈣鈦礦結構的tolerance factor,抑制因水氣催化產生相變化。本論文中探討不同Cs 摻雜量對鈣鈦礦的影響以及薄膜退火穩度的影響,當Cs 摻雜量為10% 以及退火溫度為130oC 有最好的轉換效率約11%。對水氣的穩定性也有大幅的提升,元件無封裝無照光穩定度測試經過約300 小時後,效率只下降了10%。

微量Pb(SCN)2 摻雜有效提升鈣鈦礦晶體的晶粒大小。在前驅物中添加約5% 的Pb(SCN)2 將鈣鈦礦晶粒大小由平均300nm 提升至800nm,轉換效率也由13.9% 提升至15.1%。

We fabricated cesium cation doped in thiocyanate-based pseudohalide perovskite solar cells and achieved a power conversion efficiency of 11%. Then we made these solar cells without hole transport layer and encapsulation show greatly improved stability in humid air although the price of Pb(SCN)2 is only 5.9% of PbI2. These results demonstrate the pseudo-halide perovskite solar cells are of promising material for improving stability and reducing the cost of perovskite solar cells.
摘要i
Extended Abstract ii
誌謝viii
目錄ix
表格xi
圖片xii
第一章 緒論1
1.1. 太陽能電池發展1
1.2. 太陽能電池種類4
1.2.1. 矽晶太陽能電池4
1.2.2. III-V 族化合物太陽能電池5
1.2.3. II-VI 族化合物太陽能電池6
1.2.4. 染料敏化太陽能電池7
1.2.5. 有機無機混合鈣鈦礦太陽能電池8
1.3. 太陽能電池基礎理論11
1.3.1. 空氣質量11
1.3.2. Shockley–Queisser Theory 12
1.3.3. 電流-電壓特性曲線16
1.4. 研究動機17
第二章文獻回顧 18
2.1. 三維鈣鈦礦材料18
2.1.1. 陽離子(A 位置) 19
2.1.2. 金屬陽離子(B 位置) 24
2.1.3. 鹵素陰離子(X 位置) 25
2.1.4. 擬鹵素陰離子(X 位置) 27
2.2. 二維鈣鈦礦材料32
第三章實驗方法及分析儀器34
3.1. 實驗儀器34
3.2. 實驗藥品35
3.3. 實驗設計與流程36
3.4. 鈣鈦礦電池製作36
3.4.1. 基板製作36
3.4.2. 阻擋層製備37
3.4.3. 基板前處理37
3.4.4. 多孔層製備37
3.4.5. 基板後處理37
3.4.6. 鈣鈦礦沉積38
3.4.7. 電洞傳輸層製備38
3.4.8. 電極製備38
3.5. 樣品特性分析39
3.5.1. 薄膜結晶結構分析39
3.5.2. 表面型態觀察39
3.5.3. 紫外/可見光光譜分析41
3.5.4. X 射線光電子能譜42
3.5.5. 光致發光量測43
3.6. 太陽能電池量測43
3.6.1. 光伏特性量測43
3.6.2. 量子轉換效率量測44
第四章實驗結果與討論46
4.1. FAPbI3-x(SCN)x 薄膜分析46
4.2. 改變退火溫度對FAPbI3-x(SCN)x 薄膜影響52
4.3. 銫(Cs) 摻雜對FAPbI3-x(SCN)x 薄膜影響59
4.4. 改變退火溫度對FA0.9Cs0.1PbI3-x(SCN)x 薄膜影響65
4.5. FA0.9Cs0.1PbI3-x(SCN)x 鈣鈦礦元件穩定度測試69
4.6. 微量Pb(SCN)2 摻雜對FA1-xCsxPbI3 影響72
第五章結論與未來展望77
參考文獻78

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