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研究生:陳映維
研究生(外文):Ying-Wei Chen
論文名稱:尋找染料敏化太陽能電池用之藍色染料
指導教授:吳春桂吳春桂引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chun-Guei Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:化學學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:131
中文關鍵詞:染料敏化太陽能電池藍色染料
外文關鍵詞:DSCBlue Dye
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由於全球暖化危機,尋找好的再生能源是目前非常重要的議題,而取之不盡、用之不竭、乾淨且少污染的太陽能是目前最被看好的能源之一。染料敏化太陽能電池 (Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, DSC)由於具有半透光性、多色彩性、可撓曲性與低製造成本等優點,是目前相當熱門的研究領域之一。本論文研究重點是設計出藍色染料,因此藉由thienoisoindigo單元作為有機染料D-Aa-
Searching for affordable renewable energy is one of the currently important activities due to the global warming issue. Solar energy is one of the most promising renewable energy sources because it is inexhaustible, clean and less pollution. Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC) which can convert solar energy into electrical energy, is one of the new generation solar cells under extensive studies. Dye molecules are the source for the photocurrent of DSC. They also affect the power conversion efficiency and stability of the corresponding devices. In this thesis, we focus on the synthesis of blue dyes for DSC. Thienoisoindigo unit was used as auxiliary acceptor (Aa) in a Donor-Auxiliary acceptor-π bridge-Acceptor type dye molecules. Triphenylamine, carbazole and fluorene were used as donor for tuning the molecular’s energy gap to obtain TIID-1, TIID-3 and TIID-5 dyes. Triphenylamine has stronger electron-donating ability than the other two donors, therefore TIID-1 has higher HOMO level and smaller band gap than the other two dyes. The absorption maximum of TIID-1, TIID-3 and TIID-5 are at 650, 632 and 608 nm, respectively. The absorption maximum of TIID-1 and TIID-3 falls on the wavelength of 625~740 nm, therefore are green dyes. The absorption maximum of TIID-5 is 590~625 nm, shows blue green color. TIID-6 is the inverted donor and acceptor poitions related to TIID-5, having lower HOMO and LUMO levels compared to TIID-5 with the absorption maximum blue-shifts to 601 nm. Since TIID-6 still has strong absorption at red-light range, therefore is blue green color. The cyanoacrylic acid in TIID-5 was replaced by carboxylic acid to form TIID-11. The absorption maximum of TIID-11 is 606 nm, also shows blue green. When these dyes were used as sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC), the maximum overall conversion efficiency of 3.26 % is achieved by TIID-1 dye. The lower photovoltaic performance of three dyes is due to the LUMO level is too low to inject the electron from the excited dye to TiO2 efficiently.
目錄
摘要 i
Abstract iii
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 xii
序論 1
1-1、前言 1
1-1、太陽能電池的種類 2
1-2、染料敏化太陽能電池 (Dye-sensitized solar cells, DSC) 3
1-4、光電轉換效率(η)的量測 4
1-4-1、模擬太陽光 4
1-4-2、IPCE(Incident Photon to current Conversion Efficiency) 6
1-4-3、總光電轉換效率 ( η ) 7
1-5、用於染料敏化太陽能電池中之光敏化劑的特性 8
1-5-1、釕金屬光敏化劑 8
1-5-2、有機染料介紹 11
1-6、光敏化劑的顏色 13
1-6-1、染料敏化太陽能電池的色彩 13
1-6-2、色彩學 14
1-6-3、以diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP)為輔助拉電子基(Aa)所合成的D-Aa-π-A藍色染料 15
1-6-4、以[1,2,5]Thiadiazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (PT)為輔助拉電子基(Aa)所合成的D-Aa-π-π-A藍色染料 18
1-6-5、以isoindigo為拉電子基所合成的D-Aa-π-π-A藍色染料 20
1-6-6、以thieno[3,4-b]pyrazine為拉電子基所合成的D-Aa-π-A深藍色染料 21
1-7、研究動機 23
貳、實驗部分 28
2-1、實驗藥品 28
2-2、儀器分析與樣品製備 32
2-2-1、紫外光/可見光吸收光譜儀 (UV/Vis. Spectrometer) 32
儀器型號:Cary 300 Bio 32
2-2-2、核磁共振光譜儀 (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) 32
儀器型號:Bruker 300 & Bruker 500 32
2-2-3、電化學測量裝置 (Electrochemical Measurement) 33
儀器型號:AUTOLABPGSTAT30 電位/電位儀 33
2-2-4、交流阻抗分析﹙Electrochemical-Impedance Analysis, EIS﹚ 34
儀器型號:ECO CHEMIE Autolab PGSTAT30 Potential Galvano- state with FRA 2 34
2-2-5、太陽光模擬器與元件I-V曲線量測系統 (Solar Simulator and I-V measuring system) 37
儀器型號:YSS-50A, Keithley 2400 37
2-2-6、太陽能電池外部量子效率量測系統 (Incident Photon to Current Conversion Efficieny, IPCE measurement) 38
儀器型號:Enti-Tech QE-R3011 38
2-3、中間產物之結構與簡稱 39
2-4、推電子基單元的合成 51
2-4-1、TPA-B的合成如Scheme 2.1 51
2-4-2、Carbazole-B的合成如Scheme 2.2 52
2- 5、中心結構 (Br-TIID-P) 的合成如Scheme 2.3 55
2-6、有機染料合成 59
2-6-1、TIID-1染料分子的合成如Scheme 2.4 59
2-6-2、TIID-3染料分子合成如Scheme 2.5 61
2-6-3、TIID-5染料分子的合成如Scheme 2.6 63
2-6-4、TIID-6染料分子的合成如Scheme 2.7 65
2-6-5、TIID-11染料分子合成如Scheme 2.8 68
參、結果與討論 72
3-1、TIID-1, 3, 5, 6, 11 染料光學性質探討 72
3-2、TIID-1、TIID-3、TIID-5、TIID-6及TIID-11染料之分子吸收光譜的TD-DFT理論計算 75
3-3、TIID-1、TIID-3、TIID-5、TIID-6、TIID-11染料能階結構探討 86
3-4、以TIID-1, TIID-3, TIID-5, TIID-6, TIID-11染料所敏化之DSC元件的效能探討 89
3-5、以TIID-1、TIID-3、TIID-5、TIID-6及TIID-11染料所敏化之電池元件的電化學阻抗(Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, EIS)分析 93
肆、結論 96
伍、參考文獻 98
附錄 102


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