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研究生:陳璟榕
研究生(外文):Ching-Jung Chen
論文名稱:所有權結構與政治連結對股利政策的影響 -中國上市公司之實證
論文名稱(外文):Effects of ownership structure and political connection on payout policy: An empirical study of Chinese listed firms
指導教授:洪榮華洪榮華引用關係林翠蓉林翠蓉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jung-Hua HungTsui-Jung Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:所有權結構股利政策政治連結
外文關鍵詞:Ownership structurePayout policyPolitical connection
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本文主要探討中國上市公司於所有權結構下對其股利政策之影響。由於因為中國特殊 之制度及背景,政治連結可能對公司決策產生影響,故本文再進而檢驗政治連結在不同 所有權結構下對其股利政策是否產生調節效果。研究樣本為中國深圳和上海股票交易所 上市公司,樣本起迄時間為 2008 年至 2014 年,採 OLS 迴歸模型做分析。實證結果發 現: 國外法人、國內法人及家族企業等非國有企業做為控制股東將傾向於配發較多現金 股利,而國有企業為最大股東傾向於配發較少現金股利,這顯示國外法人及國內法人基 於其投資人身份在與小股東間之代理問題較為輕微,而現金股利則可能成為家族企業利 益輸送之橋樑。另一方面,在不同之所有權結構具有政治連結後是否存在有調節效果上 之結果為部分顯著,顯示在中國市場中,國外法人與國內法人較易受到政治連結影響進 而改變其股利政策,而家族企業因為其自主性較其他所有權結構高,制定股利政策上較 不受到政治連結所影響。
We examine the effect of ownership structures and political connections on the payout policy. Our sample includes listed companies from the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges for the year 2008 to 2014. We find that the foreign institutional investors, domestic institutional investors and family firms are prefer to pay more cash dividends, on the contrary, the state-owned enterprises are prefer to pay less cash dividends. We conclude that the foreign institutional investors and domestic institutional investors have more monitoring incentives to let firms disgorge cash, but dividends might be used by the family firms to engage in tunneling. We also find that different ownership structures with political connections will partially moderate their relationship to payout policy. It indicated that in China, foreign institutional investors and domestic institutional investors are apparently affected by political connections, but family firms are not.
摘要 i Abstractii
目錄 iii
表目錄 iv
第壹章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機與目的1
1-2 研究架構4
第貳章 文獻探討與假說建立6
2-1 所有權結構對股利政策之影響6
2-1-1 國家為控制股東之公司 8
2-1-2 國內法人為控制股東之公司 9
2-1-3 外資法人為控制股東之公司 10
2-1-4 家族為控制股東之公司 12
2-2 所有權結構、政治連結對股利政策之影響13
第参章 研究方法16
3-1 資料來源與樣本篩選 16
3-2 研究方法與研究模型16
3-2-1 研究方法 16
3-2-2 研究模型 16
第肆章 實證結果與分析19
4-1 敘述性分析及相關性分析19
4-2 迴歸分析22
4-3 穩健性分析29
第伍章 結論與建議34
5-1 結論與實證意涵34
5-2 研究限制與建議35
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