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研究生:莊詠傑
研究生(外文):Yung-Chieh Chuang
論文名稱:應用自然電位法於土壤與地下水汙染場址的監測研究
論文名稱(外文):The Application of Self-Potential Method to Investigate a Soil and Groundwater Contaminated Site
指導教授:陳建志陳建志引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien-chih Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:地球科學學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:236
中文關鍵詞:地電法自然電位法土壤與地下水汙染整治藥劑灌注視地下水流速流電係數
外文關鍵詞:Geoelectrical MethodSelf-Potential MethodSoil and Groundwater ContaminationRemediation Reagents InjectionApparent Groundwater Fow VelocityStreaming Potential Coupling Coefficient
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  由於土壤與地下水污染物和整治藥劑作用範圍在地下難以界定,因此,本研究嘗試引入地球物理探勘技術中的自然電位法(Self-Potential Method, SP),期能以地下水污染和整治藥劑於土壤中擴散產生的流動電位(Streaming Potential)做為監測的指標。本文在研究場址佈下兩條相互垂直的測線,將原始自然電位觀測數據中的直流地電阻法施測效應、降雨效應從資料預處理中消除,並以中位數和四分位差作為資料篩選以及品質的評估,最後於Matlab©應用與改寫André Revil等人開發的SP2DINV,解釋自然電位法靈敏度和探測範圍,並逆推演算每日的自然電位剖面。首先,為了探討本自然電位監測系統探測實際電流源的分布,以砂箱實驗比較三種電極陣列法於兩種已知電流源分布的探測能力,再討論有無埋藏金屬導體對自然電位的影響,得到表土暨井下陣列法具有較佳的解析能力。並以飽和食鹽水灌注的砂箱實驗,以逆推自然電位剖面探討流動電位的分布,以驗證研究場址的監測結果,得到流體源頭為負電位;入滲前緣為正電位的特徵。在污染場址的監測中,從自然電位日變化剖面劃定兩次不同區域的整治藥劑作用範圍,並以上升的局部電位估算視地下水流速,估算值與區域的流速測定吻合。此外,從每日自然電位剖面的電位特徵與電流分布,可判定近地表的人造構造物、北北東的地下水流方向,以及推測污染物的擴散前緣。並且以一維近似的研究方法,從每小時累計雨量與近地表流動電位估算流電係數,透過經驗公式計算後得到地下水的導電率,計算值與實際測定值相近。最後,透過氣象局的雨量觀測資料以及研究場址現地場勘,探討降雨事件、雷擊事件、直流地電阻法施測、地形以及地表建築物對於自然電位的影響。
  In this study, we have proposed the use of time-lapse SP (Self-Potential) monitoring system to investigate remediation reagents injection and rainfall effect at the soil and groundwater contaminated site, located in Yung Kang, Taiwan. We set up two mutually perpendicular survey lines to continuously record the SP data at a sampling rate of 25 Hz. By averaging 1 day hourly SP median data, we calculate the time-lapse SPT (Self-Potential Tomography) with a published code SP2DINV every day, and get the following results. First, in order to prove the SP results at the soil and groundwater contaminated site, we conduct 12 sandbox experiments to compare the detecting ability of 3 SP arrays with 2 known current source, and discuss the influence from buried metal wire. We also carry on a saline injection to demonstrate the pattern of streaming potential. And from the synthetic test, we define the sensitivity of SPTs and demonstrate the ability to detect SP. Second, by analyzing the SPTs variation from 13 to 18 October 2015 and from 23 to 25 November 2015, SP monitoring system successfully monitor the remediation reagents injection and evaluate the Apparent Groundwater Velocity. Third, making use of interpolation scheme, this study filter the rainfall effect out of the raw SP data, then show the SP response to the precipitation, and evaluate the Apparent Groundwater Velocity and Streaming Potential Coupling Coefficient. Forth, by observing the positive and negative electric potential distributions in both N-S and E-W SPTs, we determine that the regional groundwater flow direction is in NNE and infer that the forefront of contamination is at 20m. Furthermore, in the daily SPTs, there are some artificial structures at a depth of circa 10 m.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
謝誌 III
目錄 V
圖目 VIII
符號表 X
第一章 緒論 01
  1.1研究動機與目的 01
  1.2永康場址區域水文地質概述 01
  1.3自然電位法概述 04
  1.4本文介紹 05
第二章 自然電位法及其原理 15
  2.1 引言 15
  2.2 自然電位基本原理 16
  2.3 流動電位形成機制 17
2.3.1 電雙層 17
2.3.2 流動電位 18
2.3.3 流動電位控制方程式 19
  2.4 自然電位剖面逆推流程 21
第三章 砂箱實驗 25
  3.1 引言 25
  3.2 砂箱實驗自然電位資料處理 25
3.2.1實驗設計與資料處理方法 25
3.2.2自然電位剖面模型建立與參數設定 27
  3.3 砂箱實驗自然電位剖面逆推結果 28
3.3.1 觀測資料描述 28
3.3.2 比較三種電極陣列法於自然電位的解析能力 29
3.3.3 埋藏導體對自然電位分布的影響 29
3.3.4 與鹽水灌注相關之自然電位分析 31
第四章 土壤與地下水污染場址監測 51
  4.1 引言 51
  4.2 污染場址自然電位資料處理 52
4.2.1 儀器配置與資料收集 52
4.2.2 消除直流地電阻法施測訊號 53
4.2.3 消除降雨事件於自然電位的響應 54
4.2.4 自然電位剖面模型建立與參數設定 54
  4.3 污染場址自然電位剖面逆推結果 56
4.3.1 與十月份整治藥劑相關之自然電位分析 56
4.3.2 與十一月份整治藥劑相關之自然電位分析 58
4.3.3 與地下水流和污染前緣相關之自然電位分析 58
4.3.4 與人造構造物相關之自然電位分析 60
第五章 水文係數估算與自然電位訊號探討 77
  5.1 水文係數估算 77
   5.1.1 由降雨效應以及藥劑傳輸估算視地下水流速 77
   5.1.2 由降雨強度與近地表流動電位估算流電係數 78
  5.2 影響自然電位訊號的因素探討 81
   5.2.1 降雨事件於自然電位剖面的響應 81
   5.2.2 雷擊對自然電位的影響 83
    5.2.3 直流地電阻法施測對自然電位的影響 84
第六章 結論與展望 97
  6.1 具體成果 97
  6.2 未來展望 100
參考文獻 103
附錄A 八月份每日自然電位剖面 115
附錄B 九月份每日自然電位剖面 129
附錄C 十月份每日自然電位剖面 143
附錄D 十一月份每日自然電位剖面 159
附錄E 十二月份每日自然電位剖面 173
附錄F 測線I於10月11日至11月9日自然電位日變化剖面 187
附錄G 測線II於10月11日至11月9日自然電位日變化剖面 195
附錄H 測線I於11月21日至12月20日自然電位日變化剖面 203
附錄I 降雨期間每日電荷密度日變化剖面 211
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