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研究生:陳俊諺
研究生(外文):Chun-Yen Chen
論文名稱:細胞分裂素對文心蘭類營養枝梢及開花表現之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effect of cytokinins on the growth of vegetative shoots and flowering performance in oncidium orchids
指導教授:黃光亮黃光亮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuang- Liang Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:園藝學系研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:生產改進6-苄胺基腺嘌呤激動素花期調節
外文關鍵詞:production improvement6-benzylamino purinekinetinregulation of flowering
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文心蘭(Oncidium)原產於中南美洲,是國內重要花卉之一,以切花生產為主,少數為栽培盆花。近年來,盆花因花型花色變化大且花期長,漸受消費者喜愛,國內外市場需求均呈增加趨勢。本研究主要分成兩個部分,第一部分為盆花生產改進,以盆花品種蜜糖Oncidesa(Oncidium)Sweet Sugar及臺中2號紫精靈Oncidumnia Tdares Prettiness ‘Taichung No. 2 Purple Elfin’於新芽發育期(shoot sprowting stage; S1)、假球莖出鞘期(unsheathing stage; S2)及假球莖成熟期(pseudobulb mature stage; S3)等不同生長階段以6-benzylamino purine(BAP)和kinetin(KT)處理,以及以BA不同噴施次數處理對翠妮蒂Oncsa. Mayfair ‘Trinity’營養枝梢萌發與生育之影響。第二部分為花期調節,文心蘭切花雖可周年生產,但產期過於集中,主要為5-6月及9-11月,常造成供過於求及價格偏低,導致產銷失衡現象,為調節需求量高而產量低之文心蘭於12-4月開花,以切花品種檸檬綠Oncsa. Gower Ramsey ‘Honey Angel’與Oncsa. Gower Ramsey ‘Baby Face’於6及8月初以BAP處理,調查其對營養枝梢萌發與生育之影響。
蜜糖和紫精靈兩品種於不同生長階段以BAP噴施處理,皆可增加植株營養枝梢萌發數,而噴施KT處理其效果較不顯著。於S1以BAP噴施處理可縮短第一朵花開放天數,而於S2及S3處理則延後開花時間。兩品種BAP及KT處理之有效濃度並不一致,蜜糖於S1以0.4 mM BAP及於S3 以0.4 mM KT;臺中2號紫精靈則於S2以0.2 mM BAP及於S2以0.8 mM KT噴施處理,與對照組比較有較佳的營養枝梢誘導及開花表現。翠妮蒂以BAP需要二次以上噴施處理才能增加營養枝梢萌發數,且不同BAP濃度,不論噴施一、二及三次處理,與對照組比較皆可提早開花,其中以0.4及0.6 mM BAP噴施二次及與0.2 mM以上濃度噴施三次處理,皆可增加營養枝梢萌發數並有較佳的開花表現。
於6月檸檬綠以0.4及0.8 mM BAP噴施二次以及‘Baby Face’以0.4 mM以上濃度噴施三次,可調節在1月上旬至1月下旬開花;而8月檸檬綠以0.6 mM BAP噴施三次以及‘Baby Face’以0.8 mM噴施三次處理,可於3月下旬至4月下旬開花,皆可避開5至6月之盛產期,達到花期調節之目的。
Oncidium, native to Central and Southern America, have become one of Taiwan’s most important flowers. Currently, the major products of oncidium are cut-flowers and potted flowers. Due to the diversity in colors, flower types and long flowering period of potted oncidium, their domestic and exporting market demand has been increasing year by year. The purposes of this study aimed to investigate the improvement of potted flower production and regulations of flowering. For the improvement of potted flower, the effect of vegetative shoot emergence with 6-benzylamino purine ( BAP ) and kinetin ( KT ) on shoot sprowting stage ( S1 ), unsheathing stage ( S2 ) and pseudobulb mature stage ( S3 ) were investigated in Oncidesa Sweet Sugar and Oncidumnia Tdares Prettiness ‘Taichung No. 2 Purple Elfin’. This study also investigated the effects of BAP sprayed at different times on vegetative shoot emergence and growth in Oncsa. Mayfair ‘Trinity’. For the regulations of flowering, though the flowering in cut flower oncidium is the whole year long, it has the problems of intensive production periods, from May to June and September to November. To regulate flowering in December to April, the study investigated the effects of BAP at different times on vegetative shoot emergence in Oncsa. Gower Ramsey ‘Honey Angel’ and Oncsa. Gower Ramsey ‘Baby Face’ in June and August.
The results showed that spraying 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 or 0.8 mM BAP on the whole plants increased the numbers of vegetative shoot in Oncsa. Sweet Sugar and Ocd. Tdares Prettiness ‘Taichung No. 2 Purple Elfin’, but spraying KT did not. In addition, the days from end of treatment to 1st floret opened hastened when sprayed with BAP on S1. However, the days from end of treatment to 1st flower opened were delayed when sprayed with BAP on S2 and S3. Two cultivars responded differently to various BAP and KT concentrations. Spraying 0.4 mM BAP on S1 or 0.4 mM KT on S3 had better vegetative shoot and inflorescence quality compared to control group in Oncsa. Sweet Sugar. For Ocd. Tdares Prettiness ‘Taichung No. 2 Purple Elfin’, the better vegetative bud and inflorescence quality were found in treatments with 0.2 mM BAP on S2 or 0.8 mM KT on S2, which were significant higher than the control ones. Meanwhile, spraying twice and three time with BAP increased the numbers of vegetative shoot in Oncsa. Mayfair ‘Trinity’. Regardless of spraying time and different concentrations, early flowering was found in Oncsa. Mayfair ‘Trinity’. When sprayed twice with BAP at concentration of 0.4 and 0.6 mM or sprayed three time with 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 mM BAP, the vegetative shoot and inflorescence quality were significantly better than those of the control in Oncsa. Mayfair ‘Trinity’.
When sprayed twice with 0.4 and 0.8 mM BAP, the vegetative shoot and inflorescence quality of Oncsa. Gower Ramsey ‘Honey Angel’ were significantly better than those of the control group in June. For Oncsa. Gower Ramsey ‘Baby Face’, the better vegetative shoot and inflorescence quality in June were found in those plants when sprayed three time with 0.4, 0.6 or 0.8 mM BAP. Two cultivars sprayed with BAP on flowering dates were from early-January to late-January. In August, when sprayed three time with 0.6 mM BAP and 0.8 mM BAP, the vegetative shoot and inflorescence quality were significantly better than those of the control group in Oncsa. Gower Ramsey ‘Honey Angel’ and Oncsa. Gower Ramsey ‘Baby Face’. Two cultivars sprayed with BAP on flowering dates were from early-May to late-June. In conclusion, spraying BAP on the whole plants in June could change the flowering period focusing in May to June only in Taiwan, but this might not be as promising as that in August.
壹、前言(Introduction)................................1
貳、前人研究(Literature review)........................3
一、生育習性............................................3
二、切花分級包裝選別標準..................................5
三、環境因子對蘭科植物生育之影響...........................5
四、細胞分裂素於蘭科植物之應用............................7
參、材料與方法(Materials and Methods).................10
肆、結果(Result).....................................14
一、 文心蘭帶水苔介質不同生長階段細胞分裂素處理對營養枝梢萌發與生育之影響...........................................14
二、 文心蘭帶水苔介質6-benzylamino purine及噴施次數處理對營養枝梢萌發與生育之影響................................ 15
三、 6-benzylamino purine處理對文心蘭切花生產調節之影響..15
伍、討論(Discussion)........................................57
一、 文心蘭帶水苔介質不同生長階段細胞分裂素處理對營養枝梢萌發與生育之影響..........................................57
二、 文心蘭帶水苔介質6-benzylamino purine及噴施次數處理對營養枝梢萌發與生育之影響............................58
三、 6-benzylamino purine處理對文心蘭切花生產調節之影響...59
陸、參考文獻(References).............................61
柒、附錄(Appendix)..................................65
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