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研究生:陳邦麟
論文名稱:考慮載重與水位變化之多含水層系統黏彈塑性地層下陷數值模式建立與測試
論文名稱(外文):考慮載重與水位變化之多含水層系統黏彈塑性地層下陷數值模式建立與測試
指導教授:蔡東霖蔡東霖引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tung-Lin Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:土木與水資源工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:載重地下水位變化地層下陷多含水層系統
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對於地層下陷而言,載重加載及地下水位變化皆會造成土壤壓密,且可能有著複合性的影響,而本研究根據已發展完成之多含水層系統一維耦合黏彈塑性地層下陷模式,經由修改土體靜力平衡方程式之上邊界條件,以加入考量地表荷重的影響,進一步建立同時考慮載重及水位變化之多含水層系統黏彈塑性地層下陷數值模式,以可更實用地模擬地層下陷潛勢。模式建立後,利用兩個含水層中間夾一個阻水層之多含水層系統案例進行模擬測試。首先忽略含水層的變形,配合Terzaghi單向度壓密理論進行驗證,並利用瞬時加載及瞬時卸載歷程,進行阻水層壓密之模擬測試,模擬結果與傳統土壤力學中載重壓密模擬結果相符,顯示載重效應以修改邊界條件方式處理之合理性。再假設含水層為彈性體且阻水層為黏彈塑性體,藉由不同載重變化歷程進行模擬測試,結果顯示水力傳導係數及載重週期,皆會影響含水層系統壓密量及達到穩定壓密量的時間。最後,進行同時考量載重與水位變化,對多含層系統壓密之模擬測試。結果顯示,若要更可靠地模擬地層下陷潛勢,需同時考量載重變化與水位變化之影響。
目錄
摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
符號說明 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1動機與目的 1
1.2文獻回顧 2
1.3方法與步驟 10
1.4章節介紹 11
第二章 考慮載重與水位變化之多含水層系統黏彈塑性地層下陷數值模式建立 13
2.1理論基礎 13
2.2控制方程式 16
2.3初始條件及邊界條件 20
2.4 土壤參數說明 22
第三章 考慮載重與水位變化之多含水層系統黏彈塑性地層下陷數值模式測試 23
3.1載重之多含水層系統壓密模擬測試 24
3.1.1彈性加載狀況驗證 24
3.1.2瞬時載重變化之阻水層壓密模擬測試 26
3.1.3不同載重變化歷程之多含水層系統壓密模擬測試 29
3.2同時考慮載重與水位變化之多含水層系統壓密模擬測試 34
第四章 結論與建議 36
4.1結論 36
4.2建議 38
參考文獻 39


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