(34.239.150.57) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/14 22:40
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:Altantsetseg Badrakh
研究生(外文):Altantsetseg Badrakh
論文名稱(外文):Attachment, Caregiving, and Relationship Quality of Mongolian Young Couples
指導教授:陳淑瓊陳淑瓊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-Chung Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:諮商與臨床心理學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
論文頁數:83
外文關鍵詞:AttachmentCaregivingRelationship qualityYoung adultsMongolia
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:48
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:9
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
This is the first research in terms of exploring the romantic relationship quality of Mongolian young adults (21 to 35 years old) regarding their attachment and caregiving styles. Using self-report questionnaires, both partners‟ perspectives were assessed (N=184) in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. The findings showed that: (1) specific attachment styles result in specific types of caregiving with large effect sizes, in which secure attachment associates with the most responsive and least compulsive caregiving, (2) one‟s personal attachment style significantly predicts one‟s own relationship quality, that is, being less anxious and less avoidant in relationships contributes to higher relationship quality, and (3) partner caregiving only associates significantly with women‟s relationship quality. The study also examined the effect of gender and relationship status differences on caregiving. No significant differences were found between men and women in terms of providing care; however, differences were observed between married and unmarried couples. Generally, the findings were consistent with the attachment theory and previously reported studies, although some inconsistencies were found and these are discussed regarding cultural influences. Finally, implications for the counseling include applying the research findings to counseling practice in the Mongolia. Key words: Attachment, Caregiving, Relationship quality, Young adults, Mongolia
List of Tables……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… v

List of Figures…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… vi

Chapter I:Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1
Research Background………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1
Statement of Problems…………………………………………………………………………………………… 5
Purpose of the Study……………………………………………………………………………………………… 6
Research Questions…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6
Significance of the Study………………………………………………………………………………… 6
Definition of Terms………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7

Chapter II: Literature Review………………………………………………………………………………… 9
Attachment…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9
Caregiving…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14
Relationship quality…………………………………………………………………………… 16
Attachment, Caregiving, and Relationship Quality…………………… 18
Young Couples and Romantic Relationship……………………………… 18
Attachment and Caregiving……………………………………………………………………………………… 19
Attachment and Relationship Quality…………………………………… 21
Caregiving and Relationship Quality……………………………………………………… 21
Attachment and Culture………………………………………………………………………………………… 21
Gender Differences in Caregiving……………………………………………………………… 25
Relationship Status and Caregiving………………………………………………………… 26
Summary……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 28

Chapter III: Methodology……………………………………………………………………………………………… 29
Research Design…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29
Procedure…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29
Participants………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 30
Measures………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 31
Pretest……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 35
Research Hypotheses……………………………………………………………………………………………… 36
Proposed Data Analysis………………………………………………………………………………………… 37

Chapter IV: Results……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
Descriptive statistics…………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
Research hypothesis one…………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
Research hypothesis two…………………………………………………………………………………………… 42
Research hypothesis three………………………………………………………………………………………… 43
Research hypothesis four………………………………………………………………………………………… 45

Chapter V: Discussion, Conclusion, and Implications……………………… 47
Discussion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 47
Conclusions………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 52
Limitations and Recommendations……………………………………………………………………… 54
Implications for counselors in Mongolia………………………………………………… 55
References………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57
Appendices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………64
Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Allen, S. M. (1994). Gender differences in spousal caregiving and unmet need for care. Gerontologist, 49 (4), 187-195.
Anderson, J. R., Johnson, M. D., Liu, W., Zheng, F., Hardy, M. D., & Lindstrom, R. A. (2014).Young adult romantic relationships in Mainland China: Perceptions of family of origin functioning are directly and indirectly associated with relationship success. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 31(7), 871-887.
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change.Psychological Review, 84(2), 191-215.
Bartholomew, K. (1990). Avoidance of intimacy: An attachment perspective. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7(2), 147-178.
Bartholomew, K., & Horowitz, L. M. (1991). Attachment styles among young adults: A Test of a four-category model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61(2), 226-244.
Baruch, G. K., Biener, L., & Barnett, R. C. (1987). Women and gender in research on work and family stress. American Psychologist, 42(2), 130-136.
Barusch, A. S., & Spaid, W. M. (1989). Gender differences in caregiving: Why do wivesreport greater burden? The Gerontologist, 29(5), 667-676.
Brace, N., Kemp, R., & Snelgar, R. (2006). SPSS for psychologists: A Guide to data analysis using SPSS for windows. New York, N.Y.: Palgrave macmillan.
Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment. New-York, NY: Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss: Retrospect and prospect. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 52(4), 664-678.
Brennan, K. A., Clark, C. L., & Shaver, P. R. (1998). Self-report measurement of adult attachment: An integrative overview. In J. A. Simpson & W. S. Rholes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships (pp.46–76). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Busby, D. M., Christensen, C., Crane, D. R., & Larson, J. H. (1995). A revision of the dyadic adjustment scale for use with distressed and nondistressed couples: Construct hierarchy and multidimensional scales. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 21, 289-308.
Carnelley, K. B., Pietromonaco, P. R., & Jaffe, K. (1996). Attachment, caregiving, and relationship functioning in couples: Effects of self and partner. Personal Relationships, 3(3), 257–278.
Collins, N. L., Guichard, A. C., Ford, M. B., & Feeney, B. C. (2006). Responding to need in intimate relationships: Normative processes and individual differences. In M. Mikulincer & G. S. Goodman (Eds.), Dynamics of romantic love: attachment, caregiving, and sex (pp.149-189). New-York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Collins, N. L., & Read, S. J. (1990). Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples. Journal of personality and social psychology, 58(4),644-663.
Collins, N. L.; & Feeney, B. C. (2000). A safe haven: An attachment theory perspective on support seeking and caregiving in intimate relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(6), 1053-1073.
Collins, N.L., & Feeney, B.C. (2010). An attachment theoretical perspective on social support dynamics in couples: Normative processes and individual differences. In K. Sullivan & J. Davila (Eds.), Support processes in intimate relationships (pp. 89-120). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Conger, R. D., Schofield, T. G., Neppl, T. K., & Merrick, M. T. (2013). Disrupting intergenerational continuity in harsh and abusive parenting: The importance of a nurturing relationship with a romantic partner. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53(4), S11-S17.
Cui, M., & Fincham, F. D. (2010). The differential effects of parental divorce and marital conflict on young adult romantic relationships. Journal of Personal Relationship, 17(3), 331-343.
Cutrona, C. E. (1996). Social support in couples: Marriage as a resource in times of stress.Illinois, IL: Sage publication.
Erdenebayar, L. (2008). Setgetsiin eruul mend [Mental health]. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: The Selenge Press.
Erikson, E. H. (1959). Identity and the life cycle: Selected papers. Psychological Issues, 1, 1-171.
Feeney, B. C. (1999). Responsive caregiving and the provision of felt security: An attachment theoretical perspective on caregiving in adult intimate relationships. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/pqdt/docview/304557900
Feeney, J. A. (1996). Attachment, caregiving, and marital satisfaction. Personal Relationships, 3(4), 401-416.
Feeney, B. C. & Collins, N. L. (2001). Predictors of caregiving in adult intimate relationships: An attachment theoretical perspective. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(6), 972-994.
Feeney, B. C., & Collins, N. L. (2003). Motivations for caregiving in adult intimate relationships: Influences on caregiving behavior and relationship functioning. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(8,) 950-968.
Fraley, R. C. (2012). Information on the Experiences in Close Relationship-Revised (ECR-R) adult attachment questionnaire. Retrieved from http://internal.psychology.illinois.edu/~rcfraley/measures/ecrr.htm
Fraley, R. C., Heffernan, M. E., & Vicary, A. M. (2011). The Experiences in close relationships-relationship structures questionnaire: a Method for assessing attachment orientations across relationships. Psychological Assessment, 23(3), 615-625.
Fraley, R. C., Waller, N. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). An item response theory analysis of self-report measures of adult attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(2), 350-365.
Fusilier, M. R., Ganster, D. C., & Mayes, B. T. (1986). The social support and health relationship: Is there a gender difference? Journal of Occupational Psychology, 59 (2), 145–153.
Ghasemi, A., & Zahediasl, S. (2012). Normality test for statistical analysis: A Guide for non-statisticians. International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 10(2), 486-489.
Haavio-Mannila, E. (1986). Inequalities in health and gender. Social Sciences and Medicine, 22, 141–149.
Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(3), 511-524.
Hirschberger, G., Srivastava, S., Marsh, P., Cowan, C. P., & Cowan, P. A. (2009). Attachment, marital satisfaction, and divorce during the first fifteen years of parenthood. Personal Relationships, 16(3), 401-420.
Holt-Lunstad, J., Birmingham, W., & Jones, B. Q. (2008). Is there something unique about marriage? The relative impact of marital status, relationship quality, and network social support on ambulatory blood pressure and mental health. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 35(2), 239-244.
Ijzendoorn, M. H., & Sagi-Shwartz, A. (2008). Cross-cultural patterns of attachment: Universal and contextual dimensions. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment (2nd ed., pp. 880-905). New-York, NY: Guilford Press.
Karney, B. R., & Bradbury, T. N. (1995). The longitudinal course of marital quality and stability: A review of theory, methods, and research. Psychological Bulletin, 118(1), 3–34.
Kim, H. S., Sherman, D. K., & Taylor, S. E. (2008). Culture and social support. American Psychologist, 63(6), 518-526.
Kobak, R., & Shaver, P. (1987). Strategies for maintaining felt security: A theoretical analysis of continuity and change in styles of social adaptation. Paper presented at Conference in Honor of John Bowlby’s 80th Birthday, Bayswater, London.
Kotler, T. (1985). Security and autonomy within marriage. Human Relations, 38(4), 299-321.
Kunce, L. J., & Shaver, P. R. (1994). An attachment-theoretical approach to caregiving in romantic relationships. In K. Bartholomew & D. Perlman (Eds.), Attachment processes in adulthood, (Vol.5, pp. 205-237). London, UK: Kingsley.
Lawrence, E., Brock, R. L., Barry, R. A., Langer, A., & Bunde, M. (2008). Assessing relationship quality: Development of an interview and implications for couple assessment and intervention. In E. Cuyler & M. Ackhart (Eds.), Psychology of Relationships, (pp.173-189). New York, NY: Nova Science.
Neff, L. A.; & Karney, B. R. (2005). Gender differences in social support: A Question of skill or responsiveness? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(1), 79-90.
Noftle, E. E., & Shaver, P. R. (2006). Attachment dimensions and the big five personality traits: Associations and comparative ability to predict relationship quality. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(2), 179-208.
Rothbaum, F., Weisz, J., Pott, M., Miyake, K., & Morelli, G. (2000). Attachment and culture: Security in the United States and Japan. American Psychologist, 55(10), 1093-1104.
Saavedra, M. C., Chapman, K. E., & Rogge, R. D. (2010). Clarifying links between attachment and relationship quality: Hostile conflict and mindfulness as moderators. Journal of Family Psychology, 24(4), 380-390.
Shumaker, S. A., & Hill, D. R. (1991). Gender differences in social support and physical health. Health Psychology, 10(2), 102-111.
Sibley, C. G., Fischer, R., & Liu, J. H. (2005). Reliability and validity of the revised experiences in close relationships (ECR-R) self-report measure of adult romantic attachment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31(11), 1524-1536.
Schmitt, D. P., Alcalay, L., Allensworth, M., Allik, J. et al. (2003). Are men universally more dismissing than women? Gender differences in romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions. Personal Relationships, 10, 307-331.
Song, H., Thompson, R. A., & Ferrer, E. (2009). Attachment and self-evaluation in Chinese adolescents: Age and gender differences. Journal of adolescents, 32(5), 1267-1286.
Spanier, G. B. (1976). Measuring dyadic adjustment: New scales for assessing the quality of marriage and similar dyads. Journal of marriage and family, 38(1),15-28.
Vereijken, C. M., Riksen-Walraven, J. M., & Van-Lieshout, C. F. (1997). Mother-infant relationships in Japan: Attachment, dependency, and amae. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 28(4), 442-462.
Wallin, D. J. (2007). Attachment in psychotherapy. New-York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Wang, C., & Mallinckrodt, B. (2006). Differences between Taiwanese and U.S. cultural beliefs about ideal adult attachment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(2), 192-204.
Weeks, D. (2015). Secure-Base caregiving and adult attachment development
within the client-psychotherapist relationship.(Doctoral Dissertation). Retrieved from http://dcs.lib.ndhu.edu.tw:2104/docview/1664611151
You, H. S., & Malley-Morrison, K. (2000). Young adult attachment styles and intimate relationships within close friends: A Cross-cultural study of Koreans and Caucasian Americans. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 31(4), 528-534.



連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔