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研究生:郭琇玲
研究生(外文):Hsiu-Ling Kuo
論文名稱:社會影響對醫護人員參與休閒活動之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of the Effect of Social Influence on Participatung Leisure Activities for Health Care Personnel
指導教授:池文海池文海引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wenhai Chih
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
論文頁數:191
中文關鍵詞:社會影響流暢關係三維情緒模組關係刺激-有機體-反應理論
外文關鍵詞:Social InfluenceSwift GuanxiEmotion PADRelationship
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本研究以刺激-有機體-反應理論為基礎,探討社會影響對醫護人員參與休閒活動時流暢關係及PAD三維情緒模組的影響,流暢關係及PAD三維情緒模組對關係的影響。本研究提出三個競爭模型觀察不同構面組合在研究架構中是否存在差異,最後再探討流暢關係與喚起之中介效果。本研究的研究對象為臺灣地區近三年曾經或正參予休閒活動的執業中醫護人員,共取得430份有效樣本,以結構模式進行模式檢驗,研究結果證實:(1)社會影響中的主觀規範對醫護人員流暢關係的相互瞭解不具有顯著正向影響,其餘均有顯著正向影響; (2)但在對醫護人員PAD三維情緒模組中除社會認同對愉悅沒有顯著正向影響,其餘均有顯著正向影響; (3)流暢關係對醫護人員的關係反應皆有顯著正向影響; (4)但PAD三維情緒模組對醫護人員休閒活動參與的關係中只有愉悅對關係維持有顯著正向影響。
This research investigates the relationships among social influence, swift guanxi, emotion PAD, and relationship for health care personnel participation in leisure activities based on the theory of Stimulus-Organism- Response. This study also proposes three rival models in this research to compare with the research framework and examines the mediation effects of swift guanxi and arousal between social influence and relationship. The population of this study is those medical staffs who have participated in leisure activities in past three years. This study collected 430 valid samples and verified research hypotheses with structural equation modeling. The results of this research confirm the following findings. (1) The subjective norm of social influence does not have significant and positive effect on mutual understanding of swift guanxi, but the rest hypotheses have significant and positive effects. (2) All of the hypotheses have significant and positive effects on Emotion PAD except the social identity. (3) Swift guanxi has significant and positive effect on relationship. (4) Only pleasure of emotion PAD has significant and positive effect on maintain relationship of relationship.
目錄 頁次
致謝 i
中文摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機 3
第三節 研究問題與研究目的 8
第四節 研究重要性與貢獻 9
第五節 研究範圍與對象 10
第六節 研究流程 10
第二章 文獻探討 13
第一節 休閒活動參與 13
第二節 刺激-有機體-反應理論 (S-O-R理論)16
第三節 社會影響(Social Influence) 17
第四節 流暢關係 (Swift Guanxi) 22
第五節 PAD三維情緒模組(Emotion PAD) 25
第六節 關係(Relationship) 30
第三章 研究方法 35
第一節 研究架構與研究假說 35
第二節 研究變數操作性定義與衡量 37
第三節 問卷設計 44
第四節 資料蒐集方法 46
第五節 資料分析方法 46
第六節 共同方法變異問題之處理與檢測 50
第七節 問卷前測結果分析 51
第四章 資料分析 59
第一節 正式問卷發放 59
第二節 敘述性統計分析 60
第三節 共同方法變異檢測 68
第四節 信度與效度分析 72
第五節 結構模式分析 81
第六節 競爭模型分析比較 89
第七節 中介效果分析 97
第八節 討論 104
第五章 結論與建議 117
第一節 結論 117
第二節 管理意涵與貢獻 121
第三節 研究限制與後續研究建議 130
參考文獻 133
附錄一、前測問卷 170
附錄二、英文原始量表 173
附錄三、前測共同方法變異檢測-探索性因素分析176
附錄四、前測共同方法變異檢測-驗證性因素分析177
附錄五、前測各構面量表收斂效度分析 181
附錄六、前測區別效度分析暨變數相關係數表 185
附錄七、前測各構面信度分析 186
附錄八、正式問卷 189

圖目錄 頁次
圖1-1 研究流程 12
圖3-1 研究架構 36
圖4-1 理論模型與參數結構 83
圖4-2 為本研究驗證結構模型之路徑分析結果 87
圖4 3 本研究競爭模型 91


表目錄 頁次
表3-1 本研究假說彙整表 36
表3-2 主觀規範操作性定義與衡量題項 38
表3-3 群體規範操作性定義與衡量題項 38
表3-4 社會認同操作性定義與衡量題項 39
表3-5 瞭解操作性定義與衡量題項 40
表3-6 關係和諧操作性定義與衡量題項 41
表3-7 支配操作性定義與衡量題項 41
表3-8 喚起操作性定義與衡量題項 42
表3-9 愉悅操作性定義與衡量題項 42
表3-10 關係維持操作性定義與衡量題項 43
表3-11 關係啟動操作性定義與衡量題項 44
表3-12 本研究問卷題項及來源 45
表4 1 臺灣地區執業醫事人員暨本研究醫護人員之分佈比率 60
表4 2 分佈敘述性統計 61
表4 3 主觀規範構面題項敘述性統計 63
表4 4 群體規範構面題項敘述性統計 63
表4 5 社會認同構面題項敘述性統計 64
表4 6 相互瞭解構面題項敘述性統計 65
表4 7 關係和諧構面題項敘述性統計 65
表4 8 支配構面題項敘述性統計 66
表4 9 喚起構面題項敘述性統計 66
表4 10 愉悅構面題項敘述性統計 67
表4 11 關係維持構面題項敘述性統計 67
表4 12 關係啟動構面題項敘述性統計 68
表4 13 Harman’s 因子檢定法 69
表4 14 驗證性因素分析 70
表4 15 驗證性因素分析指標數值比較表 72
表4 16 各構面驗證性因素分析(CFA) 73
表4 17 區別效度分析暨變數相關係數表 78
表4 18 各構面信度分析 79
表4 19 整體模型配適度標準表暨本研究模型之配適度-整體模式 85
表4 20 研究模型之標準化路徑係數與假說驗證彙整表 87
表4 21 本研究模型之內生變數解釋變異量檢定結果 89
表4-22 假說模型與競爭模型之標準化路徑係數及假說驗證彙整表93
表4-23 假說模型與競爭模型內生變數解釋變異量(R2)彙整表 96
表4-24 本假說模型與競爭模型配適度彙整表 97
表4-25 中介分析彙整表 102


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