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研究生:李俊明
研究生(外文):Lee, Chun-Ming
論文名稱:靜態、動態多媒體視覺表徵融入不同知識屬性教學對國小學童 科學學習成效之影響-以月亮單元為例
論文名稱(外文):A study of the effects of the integration of static and dynamic multimedia into different knowledge attribute on elementary school science teaching - An Example of the “Moon” Lesson
指導教授:蘇宏仁蘇宏仁引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立新竹教育大學
系所名稱:數理研究所(自然組)
學門:數學及統計學門
學類:數學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:176
中文關鍵詞:月相概念改變空間能力多媒體視覺表徵知識屬性
外文關鍵詞:Moon phaseconceptual changespatial abilitystatic and dynamic multimediaknowledge attribute
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:484
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:135
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
中文摘要
本研究的目的在探討靜態、動態多媒體視覺表徵融入不同知識屬性教學對國小學童科學學習成就、概念理解與概念改變之影響,以國小四年級月亮單元為例,並進一步探討不同教學策略對於不同空間能力(高、低)學童科學學習成就之影響。
本研究採準實驗研究設計,參與的樣本來自一所公立國小四年級四個班的學生,共88人。分別隨機選派兩班至實驗組A(知識屬性為陳述性融入靜態多媒體;程序性融入動態多媒體)及實驗組B(知識屬性為程序性融入靜態多媒體;陳述性融入動態多媒體)。研究工具包含:月亮單元科學學習成就測驗、月亮單元二階診斷測驗及空間關係測驗。資料分析方法包含:獨立樣本單因子共變數分析(one-way ANCOVA)、獨立樣本雙因子共變數分析(two-way ANCOVA)、卡方檢定(chi-square)、精確檢定(Exact Test)及敘述統計(descriptive statistics)。

本研究的重要發現如下:
一、靜態、動態多媒體教學對於學童學習成就之影響,其教學策略以知識屬性為陳述性者融入靜態多媒體、程序性者融入動態多媒體較優。
二、陳述性知識以靜態多媒體融入,程序性知識以動態多媒體融入的教學策略對於學童概念理解與概念改變,皆有正向的影響。
三、動靜態多媒體融入教學後仍有些難以改變的迷思概念類型。這些共同的迷思概念可分為三個概念向度:月亮位置變化、月相盈虧週期及月相盈虧成因,其中以月亮位置變化向度的迷思概念最多。
四、「教學策略」與「空間能力」對於學童科學學習表現呈現交互作用的現象,即學童空間能力不同會因教學策略不同而有不同的學習表現。


Abstract
The major purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the procedural and declarative knowledge teaching strategies on fourth graders’ science achievement, specifically the understanding and conceptual change that occurs before and after the “Moon” lesson, and to investigate the effects of the two teaching strategies in regards to different spatial abilities on student’s science achievement.
A quasi-experimental design was used in this study. The participants were 88 fourth grade students from four science classes in an elementary school in Taoyuan, Taiwan. Of the four science classes, two science classes were assigned to group A (static visualization instruction to declarative knowledge; a dynamic visualization instruction to procedural knowledge), while the other two science classes were assigned to group B (static visualization instruction to procedural knowledge; a dynamic visualization instruction to declarative knowledge), respectively. The instruments used were the “Moon Achievement Test”, the “Two-Tier Moon Conceptual Test”, and the “PMA Spatial Relations Test”. Collected data were analyzed using one-way ANCOVA, two-way ANCOVA, chi-square, Exact Test, and descriptive statistics.

The major findings of this study are as follows:
1.Students in group A tended to exhibit better science achievement compared to group B.
2.The teaching strategy (static visualization instruction to declarative knowledge; a dynamic visualization instruction to procedural knowledge) that tended to make students learn further towards comprehension and conceptual change post the “Moon” lesson.
3.After dynamic and static multimedia instruction, some of the students still had alternative conceptions. There were three conceptual dimensions: the position of the moon, the phases of moon and the cause of the phases of the moon. The most common alternative concept was the position of the moon.
4.“Teaching strategy” and “spatial ability” have interaction. This interaction directly influences the achievement of students with different spatial ability.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的與問題 4
第三節 名詞解釋 5
第四節 研究範圍與限制 7
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 多媒體教學之意涵與成效 9
第二節 多媒體學習相關理論 11
第三節 影響多媒體教學學習成效之探討 20
第四節 靜態、動態多媒體視覺表徵融入教學之實徵性研究 27
第五節 概念學習與概念改變 33
第六節 學童「月亮」單元另有概念之相關研究 38
第三章 研究方法與設計 47
第一節 研究架構 47
第二節 研究流程 49
第三節 研究設計 51
第四節 研究對象 52
第五節 研究工具 53
第六節 實驗教學教材內容 60
第七節 資料收集與分析 63
第四章 研究結果與討論 67
第一節 靜態、動態多媒體視覺表徵融入不同知識屬性教學
對學童科學學習成就之影響 67
第二節 靜態、動態多媒體視覺表徵融入不同知識屬性教學
對學童概念理解與概念改變之影響 70
第三節 靜態、動態多媒體視覺表徵融入不同知識屬性教學
對不同空間能力學童科學學習成就之影響 117
第五章 結論與建議 123
第一節 結論 123
第二節 建議 124
參考文獻 125
一、中文部分 125
二、英文部分 127
附錄 137
附錄一 月亮單元成就測驗 137
附錄二 月亮單元二階診斷測驗 139
附錄三 空間關係測驗 147
附錄四 實驗教學之課程設計 155

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