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研究生:張育嘉
研究生(外文):Yu-Chia Chang
論文名稱:歐大旭小說《沒有地圖的世界》與《和諧絲莊》中的後殖民主義與想像共同體
論文名稱(外文):Postcolonialism and Imagined Communities in Tash Aw’s Map of the Invisible World and The Harmony Silk Factory
指導教授:張錦忠張錦忠引用關係
指導教授(外文):TEE Kim Tong
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:英文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:《想像的共同體》《東方主義》文化記憶後殖民主義
外文關鍵詞:Imagined Communitiescultural memoryOrientalismpostcolonialism
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此論文旨在分析歐大旭的《和諧絲莊》中馬來西亞去殖民時期與《沒有地圖的世界》中印度尼西亞獨立後的混亂情況。我想要藉由撰寫此篇論文來探討被殖民的文化記憶持續深遠地影響著獨立後的國家這一事實。我意在強調雖然國家確實是想像的共同體,唯有在獨立後持續想像,國家的真實性與主體性才得以存在及延續。本論文分成三個部分,分別探討獨立後殘存的殖民主義影響、文化記憶對被殖民者的影響、以及去殖民化後有什麼問題正等著去殖民者面對。為了顛覆世界常是以歐洲為中心這一概念,我探討了《沒有地圖的世界》中殖民者與被殖民者的關係。此外,我也探究了《和諧絲莊》中被殖民者的文化記憶,以及被殖民者的國族主義被此文化記憶影響的可能性。我會用此兩本小說來證明在看似二元對立的白人-非白人世界中,差異性其實存在。只要去殖民者準備好接受他們之間的差異,以及他們被殖民的過去,他們便會找到對現在困境的解決辦法,以及通向未來的可能之路。
This thesis focuses on Malaysia’s turbulent status during decolonization in Tash Aw’s The Harmony Silk Factory and Indonesia’s chaotic situation after independence in Tash Aw’s Map of the Invisible World. I want to show by writing this thesis that the cultural memory of being colonized still influences the present decolonized profoundly. I foreground that though nations are imagined communities as Benedict Anderson has suggested, only by actively imagining after independence can a nation go on with its authenticity. Divided into three chapters, this thesis aims to discuss the remaining impact of colonialism after independence, cultural memory’s effect on the colonized, and what problems await the decolonized after decolonization. I strengthen my viewpoint of the world being Eurocentric by exploring the relationship between the colonizer and the colonized in Map of the Invisible World. In addition, I investigate the cultural memory of the colonized in The Harmony Silk Factory and the possibility of their nationalism affected by such memory of oppression. I will use these two novels to prove that there is even diversity within the seemingly contrastive bipolar of the white and nonwhite. As long as the decolonized are ready to accept the differences within themselves and their colonial past, they will find solutions for present predicament and the possible paths toward the future.
Table of Contents
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
Introduction 1
Chapter One : The Colonizer and the Colonized in Map of the Invisible World 17
Chapter Two : Cultural Memory of the Decolonized in The Harmony Silk Factory 35
Chapter Three : Communism as the Specter of Imagined Communities 55
Conclusion 69
Works Cited 77
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Aw, Tash. The Harmony Silk Factory. New York: Riverhead Books, 2005.
---. Map of the Invisible World. Chennai: Harper Collins, 2009.
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Halbwachs, Maurice. “From The Collective Memory.” The Collective Memory Reader. Ed. Jeffrey K. Olick, et al. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2011. 139-149.
Hsiung, Ting-hui. Rev. of Map of the Invisible World, by Tash Aw. Taida dongya wenhua yanjiu (The NTU Journal of East Asian Culture). Jun. 2014: 211-215.
Jacobs, Jane M. Edge of Empire: Postcolonialism and the City. London and New York: 1996.
Lee, Yu-cheng. Introduction. Hexie sizhuang (The Harmony Silk Factory). By Tash Aw. Trans. Lee Yen Wang. Taipei: CTW Culture, 2009. 4-14.
---. Introduction. Meiyu ditu de shijie (Map of the Invisible World). By Tash Aw. Trans. Lai Zao Xin. Taipei: Linking P, 2012. 3-12.
Liao, Xien-Hao. Introduction. Dadishang de shoukuzhe (The Wretched of the Earth). By Frantz Fanon. Trans. Bi-Chuan Yang. Taipei: PsyGarden Publishing, 2009. 59-70.
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Sim, Wai-chew. “History and Narrative: The Use of the Sublime in Tash Aw’s Fiction.” History and Narrative 46.2 (2011): 293-310.
Soyinka, Wole. The Burden of Memory, the Muse of Forgiveness. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1999.
Suleiman, Susan Rubin. “Amnesia and Amnesty: Reflections on Forgetting and Forgiving.” Crisis of Memory and the Second World War. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2006. 215-232.
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