(3.234.221.162) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/14 15:07
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:黃順源
研究生(外文):Shun-yuan Huang
論文名稱:低溫製備玻璃螢光體之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Low Temperature Glass Phosphors Fabrication.
指導教授:王朝盛
指導教授(外文):Jausheng Wang
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:光電工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:發光二極體封裝材料低溫玻璃雷射溶膠凝膠法玻璃螢光體
外文關鍵詞:Sol-GelGlass phosphorLight emitting diodeslow temperature glassencapsulated materialLaser
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:291
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究使用各種低溫方法製備發光二極體之色轉換層,且使用高耐熱高可靠度之材質玻璃作為色轉換層之材料取代矽膠封裝,但現今玻璃製程溫度動輒700-800℃,若穿透率要高製程溫度則是要1000℃以上,在製作玻璃螢光體色轉換層則需與發光二極體封裝產線分開進行,因現今發光二極體封裝材料可耐熱溫度約200℃,導致玻璃色轉換層必須利用其他方式(例如零組件的方式、利用黏膠固定)使其固定在發光二極體上。
雷射誘發玻璃陶瓷結晶,玻璃經CO2雷射(10.6um)熱處理後變成一種具有生成晶體的玻璃陶瓷,熱處理後產生晶體生成玻璃與晶體的複合材料。玻璃陶瓷摻雜過渡金屬或稀土金屬元素,產生有螢光特性的玻璃陶瓷。再利用藍光(460nm)激發晶體產生白光,而雷射熱處理不需使玻璃維持於高溫,在常溫下就可以對玻璃作誘發結晶,也可以大幅縮減熱處理的時間,也可避免侵犯日本螢光粉之專利,達到白光光源之技術。
而使用溶膠凝膠法(TEOS)製備低溫之SiO2玻璃材料。採用二次熱處理之方法提升溶膠凝膠法製備低溫玻璃之熱穩定性,可製備出SiO2玻璃膠具有在可見光波段有極佳之高光學特性(約90%), SiO2玻璃膠於高溫環境250℃以上下耐熱性佳(光學特性優於傳統矽膠材料40%), SiO2玻璃膠製程溫度低300℃ (高溫玻璃材料製程溫度675 ℃)。而使用(MTES-DMDES)製備出具有高穿透性(紫外光-可見光波段約90%) ,於高溫環境250℃以上耐熱性佳(光學特性優於傳統矽膠材料40%),材料製程簡單、製程溫度低150 ℃,材料緻密性佳(可隔絕氧與水氣)具有密封效果更有效的保護晶片。
In this study, using a variety of low-temperature process for producing light-emitting diode in color conversion layer, and using high thermal reliability of the glass material as the material of the color conversion layer of silicone encapsulated, nowadays the temperature of the glass manufacturing process frequently up to 700-800oC. If towards to highly transmittance higher process temperature is above to 1000oC. Separately in the production of glass color phosphor layer is required to convert the light emitting diode packaging production line, due to the current light-emitting diode packaging material heat resistance temperature of about 200oC, lead glass color conversion layer must be used in other ways (for example, use part to connect) to secure it to the light-emitting diodes.
Laser-induced crystallization of the glass-ceramic, glass by CO2 laser (10.6um) after heat treatment has generated into a crystal glass ceramic, crystal glass and crystal formation to produce a composite material after heat treatment.
Glass ceramic doped with transition metals or rare earth elements, producing a fluorescent properties of glass ceramics. We excite crystal to generate white light by Blue-ray (460nm), and laser-induced heat treatment without maintain the glass at a high temperature, it can be made to induce crystallization glass at room temperature, and also significantly reduce the heat treatment time, but avoid infringement of Japan phosphor the patent, to the white light source technology.
Processing SiO2 glass by sol-gel method (TEOS) at low temperature preparation. Secondary heat treatment using the method of low-temperature Sol-Gel method to enhance the thermal stability of the glass can be prepared SiO2 glass paste having a high visible light has excellent optical characteristics (approximately 90%), SiO2 glass gel has heat resistance at above high temperature 250℃ (optical characteristics are superior to traditional silicone materials 40%), SiO2 glass gel is processed at low temperature 300oC (high temperature glass material process temperature 675oC). Using (MTES-DMDES) was prepared having a high transmittance (UV-visible about 90%), high temperature is above 250oC heat resistance (better than 40% the optical properties of the traditional silicone material), the material process simply, temperature of process is lower 150oC, and densification of the good (can be isolated from oxygen and water vapor) has a sealing effect is more effective protection of the wafer.
論文審定書(中文) i
論文審定書(英文) ii
論文公開授權書 iii
誌謝 iv
中文摘要 v
Abstract vi
目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 xii
第1章 序論 1
1.1 前言: 1
本文架構 1
第2章 研究理論及實驗儀器藥品 3
2.1 研究理論 3
2.1.1 發光二極體 3
2.1.1 、LED光學性質-光通量 5
2.1.2 、LED熱效應 5
2.1.1 溶膠凝膠法 6
2.2 實驗儀器及藥品 9
第3章 第一代玻璃螢光體 15
3.1 玻璃組成製作流程 15
3.1 玻璃螢光體光學特性測試 16
3.2 玻璃螢光體發光二極體模組設計 18
3.2.1 玻璃螢光體模組光學架構設計 18
3.2.2 玻璃螢光體封裝發光二極體模組光學模擬 19
3.2.3 玻璃螢光體封裝發光二極體模組散熱測試 23
3.2.1 玻璃螢光體封裝發光二極體模組光學與電性測試 24
第4章 雷射誘發生成螢光晶體 27
4.1 雷射加熱提拉生長法(Laser-heated pedestal growth, LHPG) 27
4.1 雷射誘發晶體之矽酸鹽玻璃 29
4.1.1 雷射誘發強度變化之結晶情形 29
4.1.1 雷射誘發時間之結晶情形 31
4.2 雷射誘發晶體之鈉玻璃組成 33
4.2.1 雷射誘發強度變化之結晶情形 33
4.2.2 雷射誘發時間之結晶情形 35
4.3 雷射於發光二極體晶片之影響 36
4.3.1 雷射誘發強度對於晶片金線之影響 36
4.3.2 雷射誘發時間對於晶片金線之影響 37
第5章 第二代玻璃螢光體 39
5.1 溶膠凝膠法 39
5.1.1 不同溫度條件下製備之溶膠玻璃 40
5.1.2 二次熱處理之二氧化矽玻璃 43
5.2 溶膠凝膠法用於發光二極體 46
5.2.1 SiO2乾凝膠玻璃與矽膠進行老化測試 46
5.2.2 SiO2乾凝膠玻璃封裝螢光粉測試 47
第6章 第三代玻璃螢光體 50
6.1 玻璃膠之研製 50
6.1.1 玻璃膠之研製 50
6.2 溶膠玻璃之熱穩定性 53
6.3 溶膠玻璃之密封性測試 54
6.4 溶膠玻璃之密封性測試 59
第7章 結論 63
參考文獻 64
附錄 71
[1]郭子菱,呂紹旭”白光LED技術發展演進近況” 光連雙月刊.2007/11.72期
[2]Anant A. Setlur” Phosphors for LED-based Solid-State Lighting” The Electrochemical Society Interface , Winter 2009
[3]孟欣薇陳以明"以TRIZ方法為基礎提升GaN藍光LED亮度"元智大學碩士論文 中華民國九十六年
[4]呂紹旭”LED產品發展趨勢” 光連雙月刊2012年9月‧No.101
[5]Hsi-Chao Chen, Jun-Yu Lin, and Hsuan-Yi Chiu”Rectangular illumination using a secondary optics with cylindrical lens for LED street light” Optics Express ,(3)21, pp:3201-3212. (2013)
[6]D. R. Nuttall ,The University of Manchester, UK , R. Shuttleworth ,G. Routledge"Design of a LED street lighting system"Power Electronics Machines and Drives,pp:436 - 440.2008
[7]Shuang Zhao, Kai Wang, Fei Chen, Dan Wu, and Sheng Liu"Lens design of LED searchlight of high brightness and distant spot"Journal of the Optical Society of America A ,(5)28, pp. 815-820 (2011)
[8]Tamotsu OKAMOTO, Kunio TAKAHASHI, Hiroshi OHSAWA, Ken-ichi FUKUCHI, Koichi HOSOGANE, Satoshi KOBAYASHI, Masahiro MONIWA, Kimio SASA, Hirotaka YOSHINO, Hiroyoshi ISHIKAWA, Makoto HARADA, Kenji ASAKURA, Hiromitsu ISHII"Application of LEDs to Fishing Lights for Pacific Saury"Journal of Light & Visual Environment.,(2)32,pp:88-92,(2008)
[9]JAE-SUNG CHOI, SUNG-KUK CHOI, SUN-JAE KIM, GYUNG-SUK KIL, CHUL-YOUNG CHOI "Photoreaction Analysis of Squids for the Development of a LEDFishing Lamp "Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Maritime and Naval Science and Engineering,(2008)
[10]劉松昌謝其昌”投射式LED牙科無影燈具之設計”國立高雄第一科技大學碩士論文 2010
[11]Meng Li, David C Slaughter, James F Thompson “Optical chlorophyll sensing system for banana ripening” Postharvest Biology and Technology, (3)12, pp:273–283.(1997)
[12]Wood-Hi Cheng, Li-Yin Chen and Wei-Chih Cheng"Thermally stable white LEDs"SPIE Newsroom (2014)
[13]Hang Lin, Bo Wang, Ju Xu, Rui Zhang, Hui Chen, Yunlong Yu, and Yuansheng ang"Phosphor-in-Glass for High-Powered Remote-Type White AC-LED" American Chemical Society,(23)6, pp:21264–21269.(2014)
[14]Chun-Chin Tsai ,Wei-Chih Cheng, Jin-Kai Chang , Li-Yin Chen ,Ji-Hung Chen , Yi-Cheng Hsu , Wood-Hi Cheng"Ultra-High Thermal-Stable Glass Phosphor Layer for Phosphor-Converted White Light-Emitting Diodes"Journal of Display Technology,(6)9,(2013)
[15]Wood-Hi Cheng , Chun-Chin Tsai , Jimmy Wang"Lumen degradation and chromaticity shift in glass and silicone based high-power phosphor-converted white-emitting diodes under thermal tests"SPIE , Eleventh International Conference on Solid State Lighting, (2011)
[16]Jimmy Wang” High Thermal Stability of Phosphor-Converted White-Light-Emitting Diodes Employing Ce:YAG Doped Glass” JSTQE (2010)
[17]Shunsuke Fujita, Akihiko Sakamoto, and Setsuhisa Tanabe” Luminescence Characteristics of YAG Glass–Ceramic Phosphor for White LED” IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. (5)14,(2008)
[18]A. DURAN “STRUCI‘URAL CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT SiO2 GLASSES PREPARED BY SOL-GEL” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 82 ,pp:69-77.(1986)
[19]謝景翔,林俊良”使用紅/綠螢光粉之白光發光二極體與具圖案藍寶石基板之發光二極體光學模擬之研究”崑山科技大學碩士論文中華民國九十七年七月
[20]崔博婷,賴聰賢”耦合共振腔結購中之量子點光學特性研究”中山大學碩士論文 中華民國九十九年六月
[21]曾信榮”發光二極體”科學發展 2010年7月451期
[22]陳芳名、郭艶光” 發光二極體之簡介與應用― 從紅外光到紫外光” 科學研習 2014 年 5 月,No. 53-5
[23]潘錫明”認識發光二極體” 科學發展 2009年3月435期
[24]潘錫明”認識發光二極體” 科學發展 2009年3月435期
[25]許國峰,王水進”利用金屬反射基板與透明電擊結構進行AlGaInP發光二極體外部量子效率改善之研究”成功大學 中華民國九十一年六月
[26]A. A. Efremov, N. I. Bochkareva, R. I. Gorbunov, D. A. Larinovich, Yu. T. Rebane, D. V. Tarkhin, and Yu. G. Shreter, Semiconductors ,40, pp:605.(2006)
[27]M. H. Kim, M. F. Schubert, Q. Dai, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, J. Piprek, and Y. Park, Appl. Phys. Lett. ,91, pp:183507.(2007)
[28]I. V. Rozhansky and D. A. Zakheim, Phys. Status Solidi C ,3, pp:2160 (2006)
[29]陳明權,郭浩中,鄭裕庭”藍光發光二極體不同量子景厚度的內部量子效率之研究”交通大學 中華民國九十八年八月
[30] R. Singh, D. Doppalapudi, and T. D. Moustakas, L. T. Romano, Appl. Phys.Lett.,(9)70,pp: 3-6. (1997).
[31]Zi-Hui Zhang, Swee Tiam Tan, Yun Ji, Wei Liu, Zhengang Ju, Zabu Kyaw,Xiao Wei Sun, and Hilmi Volkan Demir” A PN-type quantum barrier for InGaN/GaN light emitting diodes” OPTICS EXPRESS,(13)21, pp:15676-15685.(2013)
[32]蘇彥輔,江國寧”高功率發光二極體之散熱設計與光衰壽命測試” 清華大學碩士論文 中華民國九十九年六月
[33]E. F. Schubert”Light-Emitting Diode Cambridge University Press” New York, (2003)
[34]李豫華”發光二極體的散熱技術” 科學發展2009年3月435期
[35]E. M. Sa, F. L. M. Antunes, and A. J. Perin, "Junction Temperature Estimation for High Power Light-Emitting Diodes," IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, Vigo, Spain, pp:3030-3035.(2007)
[36]游慧茹”目前 LED 散熱基板的趨勢”璦司柏電子股份有限公司技術專文
[37]W. H. Chi, T. L. Chou, S. Y. Yang, C. N. Han, and K. N. Chiang,"Analysis of Thermal Performance for High Power Light Emitting Diodes Lighting Module,"International Conference on Electronics Packaging, Kyoto, Japan, 2009
[38]C. Biber, "LED Light Emission as a Function of Thermal Conditions," Semiconductor Thermal Measurement and Management Symposium , San Jose, CA, United States, pp. 180-184. (2008)
[39]Ebelmen, J. J. Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem. 57, 331 (1846)
[40]Geffcken, W. and Berger, E. German Patent , 736, 411 (1939)
[41]Dislich, H.” New Routes to Multicomponent Oxide Glasses” Angewandt Chemie, 10, 363 (1971)
[42]Levene, L. and Thomas, I. M. U.S. Patent 3,640, 093(1972)
[43]彭永福,黃文堯”以溶膠凝膠法製備SiO2薄膜作TFT閘極絕緣層材料” 國立中山大學碩士論文 中華民國九十八年六月
[44]張倍榕,陳隆建”利用溶膠凝膠法製作用於氮化鎵發光二極體之氧化鋅緩衝層”台北科技大學碩士論文 中華民國九十六年六月
[45]Helen Y. Huang ,Ralph T. Yang,Daniel Chinn , Curtis L. Munson"Amine-Grafted MCM-48 and Silica Xerogel as Superior Sorbents for Acidic Gas Removal from Natural Gas"Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., , 42 (12), pp:2427–2433. (2003)
[46]Pirjo Kortesuo, Manja Ahola, Stefan Karlsson, Ilkka Kangasniemi, Antti Yli-Urpo, Juha Kiesvaara"Silica xerogel as an implantable carrier for controlled drug delivery evaluation of drug distribution and tissue effects after implantation"Biomaterials 21 , pp:193-198.(2000)
[47]張倍榕,陳隆建”利用溶膠凝膠法製作用於氮化鎵發光二極體之氧化鋅緩衝層”台北科技大學碩士論文 中華民國九十六年六月
[48]Helen Y. Huang ,Ralph T. Yang,Daniel Chinn , Curtis L. Munson"Amine-Grafted MCM-48 and Silica Xerogel as Superior Sorbents for Acidic Gas Removal from Natural Gas"Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., , 42 (12), pp:2427–2433. (2003)
[49]Pirjo Kortesuo, Manja Ahola, Stefan Karlsson, Ilkka Kangasniemi, Antti Yli-Urpo, Juha Kiesvaara"Silica xerogel as an implantable carrier for controlled drug delivery evaluation of drug distribution and tissue effects after implantation"Biomaterials 21 , pp:193-198.(2000)
[50]Steven M. Fields"Silica Xerogel as a Continuous Column Support for High-Performance Liquid Chromatography"Anal. Chem., 68 (15), pp 2709–2712. (1996)
[51]David Levy, David Avnir"Effects of the changes in the properties of silica cage along the gel/xerogel transition on the photochromic behavior of trapped spiropyrans"J. Phys. Chem., 92 (16), pp:4734–4738.(1988)
[52]Si-Han Wu, Chung-Yuan Moua and Hong-Ping Lin"Synthesis of mesoporous silica anoparticles"Chem. Soc. Rev.,42, pp:3862-3875. (2013)
[53]Robert I. Nooney, Dhanasekaran Thirunavukkarasu, Yimei Chen,Robert Josephs, and Agnes E. Ostafin"Synthesis of Nanoscale Mesoporous Silica Spheres with Controlled Particle Size"Chem. Mater. ,14, pp:4721-4728.(2002)
[54]Keiji Izumi, Hidetoshi Tanaka, Megumi Murakami, Takenori Deguchi, Arihiko Morita Noboru Tohge, Tsutomu Minami"Coating of fluorine-doped ZrO2 films on steel sheets by sol-gel method"Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids .,Vol 121, Pages 344-347. (1990)
[55]Seon-Soon Kima, Se-Young Choia , Chan-Gyung Parkb, Hyeon-Woo Jin"Transparent conductive ITO thin films through the sol-gel process using metal salts"Thin Solid Films.,(1-2)347, pp:155–160. (1999)
[56]Byeongmoon Jeonga, Sung Wan Kimb, You Han Bae"Thermosensitive sol–gel reversible hydrogels"Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews.,(1)54,pp:37–51.(2002)
[57]Byeongmoon Jeong, You Han Bae, Doo Sung Lee, Sung Wan Kim"Biodegradable block copolymers as injectable drug-delivery systems"Nature 388, pp:860-862. (1997)
[58]L. W. Keltsa, N. J. Armstrong"A silicon-29 NMR study of the structural intermediates in low pH sol-gel reactions"Journal of Materials Research., (2)4, pp 423-433.(1989)
[59]Enju Wang a, Kwok-Fan Chow, Vivian Kwan, Tammy Chin, Crystal Wong"Fast and long term optical sensors for pH based on sol–gels"Analytica Chimica Acta.,495,pp:45–50.(2003)
[60]T.M. Butler, B.D. MacCraith , C. McDonagh"Leaching in sol–gel-derived silica films for optical pH sensing"Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids.,224,pp:249–258.(1998)
[61]Xu Chen, Jianbo Jia ,Shaojun Dong"Organically Modified Sol-Gel/Chitosan Composite Based Glucose Biosensor"Electroanalysis.,(7)15, pp:608–612.(2003)
[62]Hao-Hsin Huang, Bruce Orler, Garth L. Wilkes"Ceramers: Hybrid materials incorporating polymeric/oligomeric species with inorganic glasses by a sol-gel process"Polymer Bulletin.,(6)14, pp 557-564.(1985)
[63]Pirjo Kortesuoa , Manja Aholab, Minna Kangasb, Antti Yli-Urpob, Juha Kiesvaaraa, Martti Marvolac"In vitro release of dexmedetomidine from silica xerogel monoliths: effect of sol-gel synthesis parameters"International Journal of Pharmaceutics., (1-2) 221,pp:107-114.(2001)
[64]Eric Fred SCHUBERT” Strongly Enhanced Phosphor Efficiency in GaInN White Light-Emitting Diodes Using Remote Phosphor Configuration and Diffuse Reflector Cup” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics,(21)44,pp: L 649–L 651.(2005)
[65]Rohwer L S, “Measuring the absolute quantum efficiency of luminescent materials”, Journal of Luminescence,115, pp:77 – 90(2005).
[66]Li-Yin Chen, Wei-Chih Cheng, Chun-Chin Tsai, Jin-Kai Chang, Yi-Chung Huang, Jhih-Ci Huang, and Wood-Hi Cheng,” Novel broadband glass phosphors for high CRI WLEDs” Optics Express,(S3)22, pp: A671-A678. (2014)
[67]劉如熹“白光發光二極體製作技術”2008年12月
[68]Jong Kyu Kim, Hong Luo, Eric Fred Schubert, Jaehee Cho, Cheolsoo Sone and Yongjo Park” Strongly Enhanced Phosphor Efficiency in GaInN White Light-Emitting Diodes Using Remote Phosphor Configuration and Diffuse Reflector Cup” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics,(21)44, pp:649- 651.(2005)
[69]王鈺婷,陳文瑞”高功率白光發光二極體之黃暈弱化技術”國立虎尾科技大學光電與材料科技研究所 中華民國九十九年
[70]N. Narendran et al., “Extracting phosphor-scattered photons to improve white LED efficiency,” Phys. Stat. Sol. A 202(6), 60–62 (2005).
[71]陳心怡,陳信文"鍺-銻-硒-錫無砷透紅外線玻璃的性質研究"清華大學碩士論文 中華民國八十九年六月
[72]張顧中,顏怡文"銅-鋯-鋁三元系統非晶區域之研究"臺灣科技大學材料科學與工程系碩士論文 中華民國一百零一年十月
[73]盧宥任,黃升龍"高濃度梯度摻釹釔鋁石榴石晶纖雷射之研製"國立中山大學碩士論文 中華民國九十二年六月
[74]張宜仁,祁甡,徐琅"雷射鑷夾單一粒子追蹤系統之設計與分析"國立交通大學光電工程研究所 中華民國九十五年十月
[75]沈峰熙,王朝盛"二氧化矽對摻鉻玻璃與玻璃陶瓷光學性質影響與改善與雷射誘發結晶之研究"國立中山大學光電工程學系 中華民國九十九年八月
[76]Y. Pan et al., “Comparative investigation on synthesis and photoluminescence of YAG:Ce phosphor,” Materials Science and Engineering B 106 ,pp:251–256. (2004)
[77]ElgerG,HutterM,Oppermann H, AschenbrennerR,ReichlH, Ja¨gerE “Development of an assembly process and reliabilityinvestigations for flip-chip LEDs using the AuSn soldering”Microsys.Technol 7(5–6):239–243. (2002)
[78]Nogami M, Abe Y “Sol–gel method for synthesizing visible photo luminescent nanosized Ge-crystal-doped silica glasses”Appl Phys 65(20):2545–2547.(1994)
[79]Sakka S, Kamiya K”Glasses from metal alcoholates. J Non Cryst Solids 42(1–3):403–421. (1980)
[80]Nogami M, Moriya Y “Glass formation through hydrolysis of Si(OC2H5)4 with NH4OH and HCl solution” J Non Cryst Solids 37(2):191–201. doi:10.1016/0022-3093(80)90150-7. (1980)
[81]Tennent NH” Clear and pigmented epoxy resins for stained glass conservation: light ageing studies” StudConserv 24(4):153–164. (1979)
[82]Jimmy Wang, Chun-Chin Tsai, Wei-Chih Cheng, Ming-Hung Chen, Cheng-Hsun Chung,and Wood-Hi Cheng” High Thermal Stability of Phosphor-Converted White Light-Emitting Diodes Employing Ce:YAG-Doped Glass” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 17, 741 – 746,(2011)
[83]Javier Hernandez-Andres, Raymond L. Lee, Jr., and Javier Romero “Calculating Correlated Color Temperatures Across the Entire Gamut of Daylight and Skylight Chromaticities,” Applied Optics, 38, 5073-5079, (1999)
電子全文 電子全文(網際網路公開日期:20210712)
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔