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研究生:陳冠文
研究生(外文):Guan-wen Chen
論文名稱:先進讀表基礎設施中資料收集器之加值功能設計與開發
論文名稱(外文):Design and Development of Value-added Functionalities for Data Concentrator Units in Advanced Metering Infrastructure
指導教授:鄧人豪鄧人豪引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen-Hao Teng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:111
中文關鍵詞:竊電機率指標IEC 61850資料收集器智慧電網先進讀表基礎設施
外文關鍵詞:Electricity Theft Probability IndexIEC 61850Data Concentrator UnitSmart GridAdvanced Metering Infrastructure
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先進讀表基礎設施(Advanced Metering Infrastructure, AMI)於智慧電網中扮演不可或缺的一部分,其中資料收集器(Data Concentrator Unit, DCU)為AMI主要設備之一,DCU負責收集各數位電表之資料,並將所儲存之資料定期地回傳至電表資訊管理系統(Meter Database Management System, MDMS)。如DCU可提供更彈性之雙向且即時通訊功能及分散式運算功能,將可提供有效率之能源控管,因此本論文著重於DCU之加值功能的設計與開發。本論文主要設計及開發可用於AMI且具IEC 61850通訊協定及竊電偵測系統等加值服務AMI之DCU,具可針對各用戶進行用電資訊收集並透過竊電機率指標之分析來判斷各用戶是否有竊電之嫌疑。除了開發DCU之加值功能外,本論文亦設計一視窗化界面之遠端電力監控系統,透過製造訊息規範(Manufacturing Message Specification, MMS)與資料收集器進行電力資訊監測。本論文透過所規劃之系統架構,進行DCU加值功能開發,然後實際與商用設備及軟體進行IEC 61850通訊協定驗證,及竊電機率指標之可行性探討。
Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) plays an important role in smart grids. Data Concentrator Unit (DCU), used to collect data from smart meter of customers and transmit them to Meter Database Management System (MDMS) regularly, is the core component in AMI. If DCU can provide more advanced two-way communication and distributed computing, more efficient energy management can be achieved. Therefore, this thesis focuses on designing and developing value-added functionalities for DCU. The value-added functionalities designed in this thesis include IEC 61850 communication protocol and electricity theft detection system. The proposed electricity theft detection system utilizes the collected customer power consumption data to calculate the electricity theft probability index. The possible electricity thefts can then be found out. A windows-based Human-Machine Interface (HMI) for remote electricity supervisory system using Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS) is also implemented. The windows-based HMI is used to acquire and monitor the collected data in the proposed value-added functionalities of DCU. An experimental DCU platform is designed to realize the proposed value-added functionalities and to simulate the feasibility of the electricity theft probability index. Besides a commercialized software is used to verify the consistency of IEC 61850 communication protocol implemented in the proposed DCU.
摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
圖次 vii
表次 x
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機 3
1-3 論文大綱 6
第二章 實驗平台簡介 7
2.1 實驗平台架構 7
2.2 多功能閘道器AEG-200簡介與SSH設定 8
2.3 多功能數位電力表PA3000 11
2.4 開發系統與測試軟體簡介 15
2.4.1 作業系統與虛擬機器軟體簡介與建置 16
2.4.2 Qt軟體簡介 19
2.4.3 Wireshark封包分析軟體簡介 20
2.4.4 SQLite資料庫與SQLite Expert軟體簡介 23
第三章 IEC 61850通訊協定簡介與開發 25
3.1 IEC 61850通訊協定概述 25
3.2 IEC 61850通訊協定之邏輯節點與資料模型 29
3.3 製造訊息規範簡介 33
3.4 變電所規劃語言 36
3.5 IED功能描述結構配置 39
3.6 開放原始碼libIEC61850簡介與建置 46
3.7 資料收集器程式設計與開發 50
3.7.1 SQLite資料庫架構設計 50
3.7.2 IEC 61850通訊協定MMS伺服端設計與開發 51
3.7.3 通用非同步收發傳輸開發與設定 53
3.8 遠端電力監控系統程式設計與開發 55
第四章 竊電偵測系統開發 61
4.1 AMI及DCU架構與竊電偵測方法 61
4.2 竊電機率指標設計 63
第五章 實驗及模擬結果 70
5.1 Wireshark驗證IEC 61850之MMS訊息 72
5.1.1 初始化(Initiate) 72
5.1.2 確認(Confirmed) 77
5.2 資料收集器與遠端電力監控系統通訊測試 81
5.3 資料收集器與電力監控軟體比較測試 85
5.3.1 資料收集器與VAMP51之比較測試 86
5.3.2 遠端電力監控系統與IEDScout比較測試 89
5.4 竊電機率指標測試 91
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 96
6.1 結論 96
6.2 未來研究方向 96
參考文獻 98
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