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研究生:張鈞博
研究生(外文):Chang, Chun-Po
論文名稱:不同飼料來源對大和米蝦卵巢發育成熟之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of various feeds on the ovary development and maturation of Yamato shrimp,Caridina multidentata
指導教授:冉繁華冉繁華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Nan, Fan-Hua
口試委員:黃世鈴鄭安倉李孟洲冉繁華
口試委員(外文):Huang, Shi-LingZheng, An-CangLi, Meng-ZhouNan, Fan-Hua
口試日期:2016-06-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:水產養殖學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:大和米蝦固醇類賀爾蒙卵巢發育卵巢成熟胚胎發育性別比例
外文關鍵詞:Caridina mutidentatahormonesovary developmentmaturationembryonic developmentalsex ratio
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本實驗之目的為探討不同飼料來源對大和米蝦(Caridina mutidentata)卵巢發育與成熟之影響,孵化技術與餌料投餵序列的建立。探討Estradiol與Testosterone飼料餵食大和米蝦稚蝦對性別調控與成長之影響。
觀察大和米蝦第一期卵巢發育66週,第2 ~ 12週第一期卵巢發育顯著增加,12 ~ 18週呈現下降表現,第18 ~ 30週呈現另一高峰,第30週後呈現平緩表現。比較不同飼料來源對第一期卵巢發育,結果顯示,餵食赤蟲組,在第6週呈現最顯著高峰,文蛤次之,投餵飼料組別(控制組飼料與添加賀爾蒙飼料組)表現最低。
觀察第二期卵巢發育66週,結果顯示,餵食控制組飼料組別,第2 ~ 10週顯著增加,第10 ~ 18週呈現下降趨勢,第18 ~ 24週呈現緩慢增加趨勢,第24週後呈現平緩。餵食赤蟲與文蛤組別,結果顯示,赤蟲組自第2週開始有顯著增加趨勢,至第14週為最高峰,第14週後呈現平緩表現;文蛤組自第2週開始有顯著增加趨勢,至第18週為最高峰,第18週後呈現平緩表現。餵食賀爾蒙飼料組別,表現趨勢與控制組飼料組相似。
觀察大和米蝦第3期卵巢發育66週,結果顯示,各組別自第3週開始呈顯增加趨勢,尤以投餵控制組飼料組與賀爾蒙飼料組,呈現最高增加量,持續表現至第18週,而後呈現下降趨勢至第27週,第27週後再次呈現緩慢增加的趨勢,至第45週,第45週後呈現下降趨勢;餵食赤蟲與文蛤組,第12~18週呈現增加趨勢,第18週後緩慢下降至第30週,第30週至第36週呈現小幅增加趨勢,第36週後再次下降。
受精卵在26 ± 1 ℃下,胚胎發育在第7天進入預孵化期 (Pre-hatch Embryo)。蝦苗在28 ± 1 ℃、鹽度為18 ‰,投餵人工飼料與牟氏角毛藻(Cheatoceros muelleri)經歷22天的變化發育至後期幼體,幼苗變態為底棲性稚蝦,外觀與成蝦無異。孵化後6週之稚蝦,投餵Estradiol與Testosterone飼料,進行16週觀察,結果顯示Estradiol與Testosterone對稚蝦性別調控,無明顯影響效果。

The purpose of this reearch is to explore the effect of various feeds on ovary development and maturation of Yamato shrimp (Caridina mutidentata) further to establish breeding techniques and feeding scheme. Moreover, estrogen and androgen was examined to investigate the growth and sex control of juvenile shrimp.
Observation of Yamato shrimp ovarian stage 1 development through 66 weeks, it was presented with a significant increase from the 2nd to the 12th week and, with a decrease trend from 12th to the 18th week. From the 18th to the 30th week, it was observed with a second peak and it was moderate after the 30th week. Comparison of various treatments, the result indicated that treatment of blood worm was with a best inducement of ovarian stage 1 development and the following was hard clam, control and hormone feed.
Observation of Yamato shrimp ovarian stage 2 development through 66 weeks, it was presented with a significant increase from the 2nd to the 10th week and, with a decrease trend from 10th to the 18th week. From the 18th to the 24th week, it was observed with a second peak and it was rendered after the 24th week. Blood worm treatment was with a second increase trend and the peak high in the 14th week. After the 14th week, it was not presented with a significant exchange. Hard clam treatment was with a second increase trend and the peak high in the 18th week. After the 18th week, it was not presented with a significant exchange. Treatment of hormone was similar to the control group.
Observation of Yamato shrimp ovarian stage 3 development through 66 weeks, it was presented with a significant increase from the 3rd to the 18th week in the control and hormone treatment and, with a decrease trend from 18th to the 27th week. From the 27th to the 45th week, it was observed with a second increase peak and it was rendered after the 45th week. Treatments of blood worm and gard clams, it was with a increase trend from the 12th to the 18th week and with a drease trend after the 18th week to the 30th week from the 30th to the 36th week, it was with a slight incease and following to derease after the 36th week
Fertilized eggs development into the pre-hatch period in 7 days at 26 ± 1 ℃. The larvae fed with artificial diets and Chaetoceros muelleri after 22 days metamorphosis into benthic juvenile in 28 ± 1 ℃ and salinity of 18 ppt Juvenile, after hatching six weeks, fed estrogen and androgen feed showed that no significant effect on sex ratio in 16 weeks.

摘要II
AbstractIII
目錄V
表目錄VII
圖目錄VIII
第一章、前言 1
第二章、文獻整理 3
一、淡水蝦分類 3
二、大和米蝦 4
三、淡水蝦繁殖 5
四、營養因子 6
五、卵黃生成作用 7
六、固醇類賀爾蒙 8
七、研究目的 10
第三章、材料與方法 11
實驗一:不同飼料來源對大和米蝦母蝦卵巢發育之影響 11
1. 實驗生物 11
2. 實驗環境 11
3. 實驗條件 11
4. 飼料配製 11
5. 賀爾蒙配方飼料 11
6. 生鮮餌料. 11
7. 卵巢判定 12
實驗二:大和米蝦孵化繁殖技術與餌料投餵序列之建立 12
1. 實驗環境 12
2. 微細藻類 12
3. 人工飼料 13
4. 胚胎發育及型態觀察 13
5. 蝦苗培育 13
實驗三:賀爾蒙Estradiol與Testosterone對大和米蝦幼蝦成長與性別調控之
影響 13
1. 實驗生物 13
2. 飼養環境 13
3. 飼料配方 14
4. 實驗操作 14
5. 體長、體重量測 14
6. 性別比例 14
四、粗成分分析 14
1. 水分 14
2. 灰分 15
3. 粗蛋白質 15
4. 粗脂質 16
5. 熱量 16
五、成長指標 16
1. 增重百分率(Percent weight gain) 16
2. 特殊成長率(Specific growth rate, SGR) 16
3. 飼料轉換率(Feed conversion ratio, FCR) 16
4. 攝食量(Feed Intake, FI) 16
5. 活存率 (Survival rate) 17
六、統計分析 17
第四章、結果 18
實驗一:不同飼料來源對大和米蝦母蝦卵巢發育之影響 18
實驗二:大和米蝦孵化繁殖技術與餌料投餵序列之建立 20
實驗三:賀爾蒙Estradiol與Testosterone對大和米蝦幼蝦成長與性別調控之
影響 21
第五章、討論 24
實驗一:不同飼料來源對大和米蝦母蝦卵巢發育之影響 24
實驗二:大和米蝦繁殖技術建立與餌料投餵序列之建立。 25
實驗三:賀爾蒙Estradiol與Testosterone對大和米蝦幼蝦成長與性別調控之
影響 26
第六章、結論 28
參考文獻 29


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