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研究生:楊宗原
研究生(外文):Yang, Chung-Yuan
論文名稱:彭佳嶼與基隆地區大氣懸浮微粒中氮、碳、磷物種之比較研究
論文名稱(外文):Comparative study of nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus species in aerosol between Pengjia Island and Keelung
指導教授:陳宏瑜陳宏瑜引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Hung-Yu
口試委員:張章堂周文臣
口試委員(外文):Chang, Chang-TangChou, Wen-chen
口試日期:2016-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:海洋環境資訊系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:142
中文關鍵詞:總懸浮微粒基隆境內濃度氮物種碳物種磷物種彭佳嶼
外文關鍵詞:Total Suspended ParticulatesPengjia IslandNitrogen SpeciesCarbon SpeciesPhosphorus SpeciesConcentration inside Keelung
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本研究利用同步採樣的方法,採集彭佳嶼與基隆地區之大氣總懸浮微粒來分析及探討兩測站間氮、碳和磷物種的差異及關聯性,並篩選出大陸性來源樣本來推估基隆地區各研究物種的境內濃度,以了解基隆地區境內對各研究物種的排放情況,採樣期間為2014年11月至2015年5月。
首先利用氣團軌跡回推圖(AMBT)來判斷懸浮微粒的來源以進行分類,然後結合氣象資料來討論兩測站間主要離子的來源及差異,接著對兩測站的氮、碳和磷物種的濃度進行探討,再進一步討論基隆地區的境內、境外濃度。最後利用簡單線性迴歸來分析氮、碳和磷物種的濃度在兩測站間的關聯性。
研究結果顯示影響海鹽性離子濃度的因素有風向、風速和雨除作用。基隆地區因為使用化石燃料燃燒的影響所以 nss-SO42- 的平均濃度比彭佳嶼高,但是 nss-Ca2+ 和 nss-K+ 大部分是由境外來源所貢獻。兩測站各研究物種的濃度利用簡單線性迴歸分析的結果顯示WSIC、nss-Ca2+、nss-K+ 因為 R2 < 0.4 所以統計意義不明顯,彭佳嶼的PO43- 濃度是基隆的115%,其它各研究物種的濃度彭佳嶼是基隆的62 ~ 88%。
基隆地區PO43-和WSIC的境內濃度各約占基隆總濃度的8% 和7%,其它各研究物種基隆境內濃度約占基隆總濃度的19 ~ 36% 顯示基隆地區本身空氣污染排放的嚴重性值得重視。
彭佳嶼地區PO43-的月平均通量是基隆的1.17倍,因為候鳥的影響導致磷物種的濃度比基隆地區高,且本研究區域有過剩的氮所以彭佳嶼地區提供的磷物種有助於提升該區域的海洋生產力。

This study investigates the total suspended particulates both in Pengjia Island and Keelung in the same time in order to analyze the differences and connection among nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus species between the two areas during the period of November 2014 to May 2015. Moreover, selecting the continental-derived sample to estimate the concentration and comprehend the discharge situation of the target species in Keelung.
First, this study use the air mass back trajectory (AMBT) to determine the sources of suspended particulates for classifying and use the connection with meteorological data to determine the main source and difference of the ions between two stations, and then explore nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus species concentration between two stations. Furthermore, this study discuss the concentration inside and outside Keelung area. Finally, the connection of nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus species concentration can be analyzed between two stations by using the simple linear regression analysis.
The results indicate that wind direction, wind velocity and rainout are the factors which influence the sea salt ions average concentration. The nss-SO42- average concentration in Keelung is higher than in Pengjia Island because of the influence of fossil fuel combustion. However, nss-Ca2+ and nss-K+ most come from the outside area. The results show that there is no obvious meaning among WSIC, nss-Ca2+, nss-K+ three factors because the R2 is less than 0.4 by the simple linear regression analysis. Additionally, The PO43- concentration in Pengjia Island is 1.55 times bigger than in Keelung, but the other targets concentration in Pengjia Island are 0.62-0.88 times smaller than in Keelung.
PO43- and WSIC concentration inside Keelung account for 8% and 7% of total concentration and the others account for 19%-36% of total concentration, which reveals that the problem of air pollution in Keelung should be considered.
The monthly average flux of PO43- in Pengjia Island is 1.17 times bigger than in Keelung, and also the nitrogen concentration is higher due to the influence of migrant birds. Furthermore, the excess N in this study area and phosphorus species in Pengjia Island can improve the marine productivity.

摘要 I
Abstract II
目次 III
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究動機及背景 1
1.2 研究物種 2
1.3 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 氮物種 5
2.1.1 氮物種的組成 5
2.1.1.1 無機氮的來源和分佈 6
2.1.1.2 有機氮的來源和分佈 8
2.1.2 氮循環 9
2.2 碳物種 10
2.2.1 碳的來源和分佈 10
2.2.2 碳循環 11
2.3 磷物種 12
2.3.1 磷的來源和分佈 13
2.3.2 磷循環 13
2.4 陰陽離子 14
第三章 研究方法 15
3.1 採樣 15
3.1.1 採樣地點 15
3.1.2 採樣時間 16
3.1.3 採樣儀器 16
3.1.4 濾紙樣本採樣前之處理 16
3.1.5 樣本保存 16
3.2 樣本分析方法 16
3.2.1 樣本萃取 17
3.2.2 陰陽離子分析 17
3.2.2.1 分析儀器 17
3.2.2.2 分析方法 17
3.2.2.3 實驗步驟 18
3.2.3 水溶性無機氮分析 20
3.2.3.1 分析儀器 20
3.2.3.2 分析方法 20
3.2.3.3 實驗步驟 21
3.2.4 水溶性有機氮分析 25
3.2.4.1 分析儀器 25
3.2.4.2 分析方法 25
3.2.4.3 實驗步驟 26
3.2.5 水溶性高低分子量有機氮分析 27
3.2.5.1 分析儀器 27
3.2.5.2 分析方法 27
3.2.5.3 實驗步驟 28
3.2.6 水溶性碳物種分析 28
3.2.6.1 分析儀器 29
3.2.6.2 分析方法 29
3.2.6.3 實驗步驟 30
3.2.7 水溶性正磷酸鹽分析 30
3.2.7.1 分析儀器 30
3.2.7.2 分析方法 30
3.2.7.3 實驗步驟 32
3.3 樣本查核 32
3.3.1 儀器偵測下限 32
3.3.2 空白樣本檢定 33
3.3.3 水溶性無機氮物種之查核 34
3.3.4 有機氮物種之照光回收率檢定 35
3.3.5 檢量線檢定 35
3.3.6 迴歸分析 35
第四章 結果與討論 37
4.1 研究區域之氣象資料 37
4.2 氣團軌跡圖之探討 38
4.3 主要離子之探討 40
4.3.1 海鹽性離子濃度變化 40
4.3.2 非海鹽性離子濃度變化 43
4.3.3 海鹽性離子迴歸分析 46
4.3.4 非海鹽性離子迴歸分析 48
4.4 總懸浮微粒質量濃度之探討 50
4.5 水溶性氮物種濃度之探討 54
4.5.1 水溶性總氮濃度變化 57
4.5.2 水溶性無機氮濃度變化 59
4.5.2.1 氨鹽(NH4+) 63
4.5.2.2 亞硝酸鹽(NO2-) 65
4.5.2.3 硝酸鹽(NO3-) 67
4.5.3 水溶性有機氮濃度變化 70
4.5.3.1 低分子量水溶性有機氮濃度變化 72
4.5.3.2 高分子量水溶性有機氮濃度變化 75
4.5.3.3 高、低分子量水溶性有機氮比例分析 77
4.6 水溶性碳物種濃度之探討 79
4.6.1 水溶性總碳 80
4.6.2 水溶性無機碳濃度變化 82
4.6.3 水溶性有機碳濃度變化 85
4.7 水溶性無機磷之探討 88
4.8 氮磷的比例分析 91
4.9 大陸性來源樣本相關性分析 94
4.9.1 基隆各研究物種的相關分析 94
4.9.2 彭佳嶼各研究物種的相關分析 97
4.10 通量探討 99
第五章 結論與建議 105
參考文獻 107
附錄 119




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