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研究生:李育家
研究生(外文):Li, Yu-Jia
論文名稱:進階式空間調變技術
論文名稱(外文):Advanced Spatial Modulation
指導教授:李啟民李啟民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li, Chi-Min
口試委員:林丁丙湯譯增吳家琪李啟民
口試委員(外文):Lin, Ding-BingTang, I-TsengWu, Jia-ChyiLi, Chi-Min
口試日期:2016-06-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:通訊與導航工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:天線間干擾MIMO空間調變ML估測法
外文關鍵詞:Inter antenna interferencemultiple-input-multiple-outputMaximum likelihoodSpatial Modulation
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空間調變(Spatial Modulation, SM)是多輸入多輸出(Multiple-input multiple-output, MIMO)系統中的技術之一,它沒有傳統MIMO中多天線的(Inter-Antenna Interference, IAI)干擾,在傳送端只需要一個射頻鏈路(RF chain),即可將資訊置於傳送天線中,並在接收端能夠完成解調SM訊號。

由於空間調變每次只有一根天線傳送資料,會使大部分時間其它天線處於閒置狀態,若空間調變能用多根天線傳送資料,雖然需要較多射頻鏈路,但可達到更高頻譜使用效率。

本文討論傳統空間調變與文獻中其它相關方法之BER表現。由傳統的空間調變出發,本文提出空間組合數最大化方法,並且使用者能根據想達到的錯誤機率下進行調變選擇之進階式空間調變方法(Advanced Spatial Modulation, ASM),模擬結果證明本文所提出的ASM,可有效降低BER及增加系統throughput效能。

Spatial Modulation is a variant of the Multiple-input multiple-output with only one single RF chain is needed.

Since that Spatial Modulation use only one antenna to transmit data, therefore, most of the antennas are idle in the most of the time. Many literatures proposed to use multiple antennas to improve the bit error rate (BER) and bandwidth efficiency for the Spatial Modulation.

In this paper, we compare the BER performance of the related SM methods and proposed a new “Advanced Spatial Modulation, ASM” method. Combining with the concept of maximum combination of the antenna and the adaptive modulation, the proposed ASM can improve the BER and throughput performance compared with the related SM methods.

摘要I
AbstractII
目錄III
圖目錄V
表目錄VI
第一章 導論1
1.1 背景簡介與研究動機2
1.2 論文大綱2
第二章 Spatial Modulation及文獻回顧3
2.1 MIMO多天線技術3
2.1.1 簡介3
2.1.2 MIMO多天線技術主要分類3
2.2 Spatial Modulation(SM)4
2.2.1 簡介4
2.2.2 Spatial Modulation 訊號模型[2]4
2.2.3 SM 訊號估測 6
2.3 相關文獻回顧 8
2.3.1 Space Shift Keying (SSK)[3]8
2.3.2 Generalized Space Shift Keying (GSSK)[4]10
2.3.3 Generalized Spatial Modulation (GSM)[5]12
2.3.4 Enhanced Spatial Modulation (ESM)[6]15
第三章 提出改良式空間調變方法22
3.1 空間組合數最大化法22
3.1.1 空間組合數最大化法電腦模擬23
3.1.2 文獻方法比較25
3.2 進階式空間調變(Advanced Spatial Modulation)28
3.2.1 ASM電腦模擬32
3.2.2 ASM throughput電腦模擬35
第四章 整合模擬及實測結果分析39
4.1 使用實測通道效能分析39
第五章 結論46
參考文獻 47






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[2] R. Mesleh, H. Haas, S. Sinanovic, C. W. Ahn, and S. Yun, “Spatial modulation,”
IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 57, no. 4, pp. 2228–2241,2008.
[3] J. Jeganathan, A. Ghrayeb, L. Szczecinski, and A. Ceron, “Space shift keying modulation for MIMO channels,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 3692–3703, July 2009.
[4] J. Jeganathan, A. Ghrayeb, and L. Szczecinski, “Generalized space shift keying
modulation for MIMO channels,” in Proc. IEEE PIMRC 2008, pp. 1–5.
[5] J. Fu, C. Hou, W. Xiang, L. Yan, and Y. Hou, “Generalised spatial modulation with multiple active transmit antennas,” in Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops, Miami, FL, USA, Dec. 2010, pp. 839–844.
[6] C. C. Cheng, H. Sari, S. Sezginer, and Y. T. Su, “Enhanced spatial modulation with multiple constellations,” in Proc. IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking (BlackSeaCom’14), 2014.
[7] M. Di Renzo, H. Haas, A. Ghrayeb, et al., “Spatial modulation for generalized MIMO: challenges, opportunities and implementation,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 56–103, Jan. 2014.
[8] C. C. Cheng, H. Sari, S. Sezginer, and Y. T. Su, ''Enhanced spatial modulation with multiple constellations and two active antennas," in Communications, 2014. IATINCOM '14. IEEE Latin-American Conference on, November 2014.
[9] Chien-Chun Cheng; Sari, H.; Sezginer, S.; Su, Y.T. "New signal design for enhanced spatial modulation with multiple constellations", Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), 2015 IEEE 26th Annual International Symposium on, On page(s): 872 – 876.
[10] R. Mesleh, H. Haas, C. W. Ahn, and S. Yun, “Spatial modulation–a new low complexity spectral efficiency enhancing technique,” in Proc. Conf. Comm. And Networking in China, Oct. 2006.
[11] R. Rajashekar, K. V. S. Hari, and L. Hanzo, “Reduced-complexity ML detection and capacity-optimized training for spatial modulation systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 112–125, Jan. 2014.
[12] Q. Tang, Y. Xiao, P. Yang, Q. Yu, and S. Li, “A new low-complexity near-ML detection algorithm for spatial modulation,” IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 90-93 , Feb. 2013.
[13] A. Younis, M. D. Renzo, R. Mesleh, and H. Haas, “Sphere decoding for spatial modulation,” in Proc. 2011 IEEE ICC, pp. 1–6.
[14] J. Wang, S. Jia, and J. Song, “Signal vector based detection scheme for spatial modulation,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 19–21, Jan. 2012.
[15] T. Handte, A. M ¨uller, and J. Speidel, “BER analysis and optimization of generalized spatial modulation in correlated fading channels,” in Proc. 2009 IEEE VTC – Fall, pp. 1–5.
[16] N. Ma, A. Wang, C. Han, and Y. Ji, “Adaptive joint mapping generalised spatial modulation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. China, Beijing, China, Aug. 2012, pp. 520–523.

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