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研究生:蔡稼衛
研究生(外文):Tsai, Chia-Wei
論文名稱:應用田口方法於IC燒錄序號之自動設備設計
論文名稱(外文):Application of Taguchi Methods to the Design of an Automated Equipment for Serial Numbers Programming
指導教授:鄭慕德
指導教授(外文):Jeng, Mu-Der
口試委員:張傳育黃義盛張博綸鄭慕德
口試委員(外文):Chang, Chuan-YuHuang, Yi-ShengChang, Po-LunJeng, Mu-Der
口試日期:2016-07-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:田口方法穩健設計自動化設備IC燒錄序號
外文關鍵詞:Taguchi MethodsRobustness DesignAutomated EquipmentICProgrammingSerial Number
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本論文主要目的針對每顆IC燒錄序號內容都不同,無適合的量產型設備可以使用,現階段採取人工手動燒錄,因為IC體積越來越小,人工取放IC過程會產生一定數量的品質損失,造成產能不足與良率低,應用田口方法的穩健品質從設計開始的理念,基於現有設備成本與相容性考量下,利用XY-Table龍門懸吊架構重新系統設計,達成「燒錄序號自動化」的目的,讓燒錄序號的製程的穩定性不受到外部環境因素變化的影響,減少損失可有效降低生產成本,同時提升製程的良率。
首先,本論文探討應用田口穩健性階段設計的「系統設計」與「參數設計」如何選定設備架構與製程參數,規畫流程「燒錄序號」與「補燒錄序號」演算法,並利用生產良率實驗結果統計出系統異常頻率分佈,找到影響品質損失(變異)的干擾因子,將構成系統異常的原因進行魚骨圖要因分析,拿來當作定義因子與水準的參考依據,將生產良率作為田口實驗的品質特性,設計三水準直交實驗,將數據分析,並利用S/N比與因子反應分類歸納因子,用實驗驗證,設備符合理想的「望大」品質特性,獲得一組穩健的最佳化製程參數組合。
結論,利用本設備將兩個生產站燒錄(相同內容)與序號(不同內容)兩種流程,簡化成一個生產站流程,依照N+1序號規則出料,田口方法有效率的精簡實驗次數與改善製程,分析歸納出一組最佳化參數組合,有效提升設備效能,作為未來改善的投入量產的依據。
後續應往燒錄序號資料控管、系統電源的穩定度、UPS不斷電系統的銜接與機械動作異常的排除,作更深入的研究探討

關鍵詞:田口方法、穩健設計、自動化設備、IC、燒錄、序號

The purpose of this thesis is to focus on the current IC problem, currently, every single IC contains different serial numbers. As a result of that, there is no suitable mass production equipment that can be used at this stage, and the programs must be completed manually. Due to the IC size became smaller and smaller, manually operating the IC generates a certain amount of cost and quality loss and resulting in low production and quality. The Taguchi methods with the concept of starting from design concept, based on the existing equipment cost and compatibility considerations and the use of XY-Table gantry suspension system re-architecture design to achieve the purpose of “automation programming objective record SN”. To make sure the stability of the programming process SN is not affected by the change of external environmental factors, and to lower production loss can effectively reduce costs while improving process yield.
First of all, the thesis discusses how equipment structure and process parameters are selected by the applications of “System Design” and “Parameters Design” on Taguchi robust design stage. The main design of algorithms are the process of “programming SN” and the troubleshooting process of “programming up SN”, and to compile abnormal distribution of production yield by the experimental results and to find the factors of affecting the quality loss/variation. To analyze the causes for abnormalities by the fish-bone diagram, then used them as factors to define the standard reference. To consider the production yield as a quality characteristic of Taguchi experiment and to analyze the data by designing three level orthogonal experiments. Then to obtain a robustness combination of process optimized parameters by S/N ratio, factor response, classification induction factor and equipment with the ideal quality characteristics of “expecting better” verified by experiment.
In conclusion, to simplify into one production process by applying two different equipment processes of two programming stations (same content) and serial number (different content) in accordance with rule no. N+1 discharge. Taguchi methods are efficient and streamlined the number of experiments to improve the process, and we analyzed and summarized a set of optimal parameter combination which is able to effectively enhance the effectiveness of the device as the basis for future volume production improvements.
For follow-up researching, the data control of programming serials, the stability of power system, the cohesion of uninterruptible power supply (UPS) and abnormal exclusion of mechanical could be discussed further afterwards.

Keywords :
Taguchi Methods, Robustness Design, Automated Equipment, IC, Programming, Serial Number

致謝 III
摘要 IV
Abstract V
目次 VII
圖次 VIII
表次 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的與方法 3
1.3研究架構流程 4
1.4論文貢獻 5
1.5論文架構 6
第二章 文獻回顧與相關介紹 7
2.1基本概念 7
2.2文獻回顧 9
2.3燒錄設備簡介 18
2.4傳統燒錄與燒錄序號(研究目的)比較 25
第三章 應用田口穩健之燒錄序號系統設計 27
3.1穩健第一階段系統設計 27
3.2燒錄序號自動設備之系統架構 34
3.3因子如何選擇-製程參數分析與配置 37
3.4燒錄模組介面與功能說明 38
3.5建構系統流程與演算法 40
3.6良率測試實驗與結果 45
第四章 應用田口方法之實驗模式建構 48
4.1穩健第二階段參數設計 48
4.2設計參數-因子如何選定 51
4.3執行田口實驗與收集數據 55
4.4參數配置-因子最佳化組合 62
4.5實驗討論與成果展示 65
第五章 結論與未來展望 69
5.1結論 69
5.2未來展望 73
參考文獻 75

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