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研究生:謝季芳
研究生(外文):Hsieh, Chi-Fang
論文名稱:白蝦(Litopenaeus vannamei)暴露於鉛環境下對組織蝦青素含量及體表呈色之影響
論文名稱(外文):The effect of Lead on the tissue astaxanthin content and skin coloration ofLitopenaeus vannamei
指導教授:鄭學淵鄭學淵引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng, Sha-Yen
口試委員:劉秉忠賴弘智劉俊宏
口試委員(外文):Liu, Ping-ChungLai, Hong-ThihLiu, Chun-Hung
口試日期:2016-07-11
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:白蝦組織蓄積蝦青素體色
外文關鍵詞:shrimpleadtissue accumulationastaxanthinbody coloration
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鉛是環境中最普遍且用量相當大的重金屬,因其密度高容易沉降於水體底部,相較於其他水生生物,底棲生物更易受到重金屬的汙染。本研究以白蝦(Litopenaeus vannamei)作為實驗對象,將其暴露在2 mg/L Pb2+中,以實驗第0天作為控制組,並於第0、1、2、5 及10 天檢測白蝦各組織鉛蓄積濃度、蝦青素含量及體色表現。
白蝦暴露於鉛 2 mg/L 環境下,外殼之鉛蓄積量最高(p<0.05),而各組織之蝦青素含量由高至低排序為肝胰臟、外殼及肌肉,其中,外殼及肝胰臟之蝦青素含量會隨鉛蓄積量的增加而上升,且肝胰臟之鉛蓄積含量與蝦青素含量之間在統計上具有顯著關係(p<0.05)。
於體色表現結果的部分,體表亮度及色相會隨時間的增加而下降,而體表紅度則反之。由相關性回歸分析中發現肝胰臟及肌肉之鉛蓄積含量與體表紅度之間有顯著正相關(p<0.05)。此外,外殼之蝦青素含量與體表亮度及色相之間有顯著負相關(p<0.05),而與紅度之間則為顯著正相關(p<0.05)。
Lead is a ubiquitous and considerable usage amount of heavy metals in the environment. Benthic organisms are more susceptible to heavy metal pollution compared to other aquatic organisms, because of the property of high density and easily settle down to the bottom of the water. Studied on the tissue Pb2+ level, tissue astaxanthin content and body coloration of Litopenaeus vannamei exposed to 2 mg/L Pb2+ concentration with time elapsed 0, 1, 2,5 and 10 days.
The highest accumulation of Pb2+ is in the shell of L. vannamei (p<0.05) that exposed to 2 mg/L Pb2+ concentration for 10 days. The descending order of astaxanthin content in different tissues is hepatopancreas, shell and muscle, whereas the astaxanthin content of shell and hepatopancreas increased with the rising concentration of Pb2+ accumulated. The correlation between tissue Pb2+ level and astaxanthin content in hepatopancreas is with a statistically significant difference (p<0.05).
Part of the body coloration, the performance of redness is on the contrary with the brightness and hue that were decreased with the increasing time elapsed. We found that the correlation between Pb2+ level and colour parameter-redness in hepatopancreas and muscle of L. vannamei are with a statistically significant positive correlation (p<0.05). In addition, there are significantly negative correlation between astaxanthin content and brightness and hue (p<0.05).
中文摘要······················································································································Ⅰ
英文摘要······················································································································Ⅱ
謝辭······························································································································Ⅲ
目次······························································································································Ⅳ
圖次······························································································································Ⅵ
表次······························································································································Ⅷ
第一章 緒言················································································································1
第二章 文獻整理········································································································3
2.1 重金屬與水生環境之關係·····································································3
2.2 甲殼類之呈色·························································································5
2.3 南美白對蝦概論·····················································································7
第三章 南美白對蝦(L. vannamei)暴露於鉛環境中對組織蝦青素之影響
3.1 摘要·········································································································9
3.2 前言·········································································································9
3.3 材料與方法···························································································10
3.4 結果·······································································································12
3.5 討論·······································································································14
第四章 南美白對蝦(L. vannamei)暴露於鉛環境中對體表呈色之影響
4.1 摘要·······································································································19
4.2 前言·······································································································19
4.3 材料與方法···························································································20
4.4 結果·······································································································21
4.5 討論·······································································································26
第五章 結論··············································································································29
圖··································································································································30
表··································································································································46
附錄······························································································································50
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