跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.99.209) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/15 18:21
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:陳冠勳
研究生(外文):Kuan-Hsun Chen
論文名稱:論《尼科馬哥倫理學》中的幸福觀
論文名稱(外文):The Notion of Happiness in the Nicomchean Ethics
指導教授:徐學庸徐學庸引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsei-Yung Hsu
口試委員:王志輝陳斐婷
口試委員(外文):Zhi-Hue WangFei-Ting Chen
口試日期:2016-07-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:哲學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:哲學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:134
中文關鍵詞:亞里斯多德幸福德性包容觀獨佔觀
外文關鍵詞:AristotleHappinessVirtueInclusive viewDominant view
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:272
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文以亞里斯多德的《尼科馬哥倫理學》作為研究題材,藉由重新爬梳整個著作,探究其核心概念「幸福」(εὐδαιμονία)之定義與實質內涵。
在當代亞里斯多德倫理學的討論上,對於幸福的詮釋大致上可以區分為包容觀(an inclusive view)與獨佔觀(a dominant view)兩種觀點。前者認為亞里斯多德的「幸福」作為最終善及最終目的,應至少包含所有具有內在價值的善在內,該幸福才得以稱為完滿;後者則認為,亞里斯多德的「幸福」作為最終善及最終目的,實指那被亞氏稱為最好及最具神性的活動—默觀活動。
筆者認為,兩者的觀點之所以有所衝突,與學者們對於《尼科馬哥倫理學》中的幾個關鍵概念之理解的不一致有相當的關聯。因此在本論文中,筆者藉由梳理亞氏倫理學、目的與善、快樂、德性等議題,企圖還原亞里斯多德本人對於幸福的理解,並指出這樣的理解,有助於當代的倫理學討論,亦有助於我們重新審視既有的價值排序。


This thesis proposes to inquire the core concept of Happiness (εὐδαιμονία) in Aristotle’s ethics by examining his work of Necomachean Ethics as main text.
There are two popular interpretations in contemporary studies on Aristotle’s idea of happiness: the inclusive view and the dominant view. The former claims Aristotle’s happiness, as the final good and the final end, should include all intrinsic goods to be complete. The latter argues that this happiness in fact solely refers to the one best and most divine activity, that is, contemplation.
In this research, I would like to point out the fact that the inappropriate interpretations of Aristotle’s notion of happiness lie in scholars’ inconsistent understandings of his crucial concepts. In order to reconstruct Aristotle’s own idea of happiness, I shall look into several ethical terms such as End, Good, Pleasure, and Virtue etc. in Nicomachean Ethics. In addition, this approach should be conductive to contemporary ethical discussions as well as our own civil lives.


目錄
中文摘要………………………………………………………………….i
英文摘要……………………………………………………………...….ii
目錄……………………………………………………………………...iii
導論……………………………………………………………………....1
第一節 研究動機與方法……………………………………………1
第二節 章節摘要……………………………………………………3
第三節 採用的文本版本……………………………………………8
第一章 倫理學概述………………………………….……..……...........9
第一節 倫理學的範圍……………………………………………..9
一、 倫理學的定位…………………………………………...9
二、 倫理學的不精確性………………………………….…12
第二節 倫理學的方法……………………………………………13
第三節 對柏拉圖理型論的批判…………………………………17
第二章 幸福的討論……………………………………………………25
第一節 目的與善…………………………………………………25
第二節 屬於人的幸福……………………………………………32
一、 幸福與關於幸福的流行意見………………………….32
二、 功能論證……………………………………………….34
第三節 幸福是最令人愉悅的活動………………………………42
一、 快樂的特質…………………………………………….43
二、 快樂與幸福…………………………………………….48
第三章 道德德性………………………………………………………51
第一節 道德德性的定義…………………………………………51
一、 道德德性的屬與種差………………………………….51
二、 對於當代詮釋的回應與討論………………………….56
第二節 自願、希求與理性行為………………………………….64
一、 自願…………………………………………………….64
二、 希求…………………………………………………….70
三、 思慮與選擇…………………………………………….72
第三節 實踐智慧與道德德性、整體生命的關係……………….75
一、 實踐智慧與道德德性………………………………….75
二、 實踐智慧與整體生命………………………………….80
三、 小結…………………………………………………….83
第四章 理智德性………………………………………………………87
第一節 兩種理智德性……………………………………………87
一、 科學的部分…………………………………………….88
二、 算計的部分…………………………………………….89
第二節 實踐智慧與智慧的關係…………………………………90
第五章 對幸福觀的詮釋與解釋………………………………………99
第一節 第十卷六至八章對幸福的論述…………………………99
第二節 當代對於幸福觀的詮釋與衝突………………………..102
第三節 亞里斯多德的幸福觀…………………………………..110
一、 對包容觀的回應……………………………………..110
二、 對獨佔觀的支持……………………………………..118
三、 對《尼科馬哥倫理學》的架構整理………………..122
四、 幸福的溫和獨佔觀…………………………………..123
結論……………………………………………………………………125
參考書目………………………………………………………………129


參考書目
《尼科馬哥倫理學》原典
Crisp, R. (trans. and ed.). Nicomachean Ethics. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Irwin, T. H. (trans.). Nicomachean Ethics. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1985.
Ross, W. D. (trans.), Brown, L. (rev.). The Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

其它原典
Burnet, J. (ed.). Plato’s Euthyphro, Apology of Socrates, and Crito. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977.
Gosling, J. C. B. (trans.). Philebus. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.
Hume David. A Treatise of human nature: being an attempt to introduce the experimental method of reasoning into moral subjects. Kitchener, ont. : Batoche, 1999.
Kenny, Anthony. (trans.). Eudemian ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Lee, Desmond. (trans.). The Republic. London; New York: Penguin Books, 2003.
McKeon, Richard. (ed.). The Basic Works of Aristotle. New York: Random House, 1941.

二手詮釋
Ackrill, John L. ‘Aristotle on eudaimonia’ , in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, (ed.) Amelie Oksenberg Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Annas, Julia. ‘Aristotle on Virtue and Happiness’, in Aristotle''s Ethics: Critical Essays, (ed.) Nancy Sherman. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.
Annas, Julia. ‘Aristotle on Pleasure amd Goodness’, in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, (ed.) Amelie Oksenberg Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Bobzien, Susanne. ‘Choice and Moral Respobsibility(NE iii1-5)’ ,in Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Ronald Polansky, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Bostock, David. Aristotle''s Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Bostock, David. ’Pleasure and Activity in Aristotle''s Ethics’, Phronesis, 33, No. 3, 1988.
Broadie, Sarah. Ethics with Aristotle. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Broadie, Sarah. ‘Aristotle and Contemporary Ethics’, in The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle''s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Richard Kraut. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006.
Brown, Lesley. ‘What Is "the mean relative to us" in Aristotle''s "Ethics"?’, Phronesis, 42, No. 1, 1997.
Brown, Lesley. ‘Why is Aristotle’s virtue of Character a Mean? Taking Aristotle at His Word’, in Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Ronald Polansky, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Burnet, J. The Ethics of Aristotle,
Burnyeat, M. F. ‘Aristotle on learning to be good’ in Aristotle''s Ethics: Critical Essays, (ed.) Nancy Sherman. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.
Coope, Ursula. ‘Why does Aristotle Think that Ethical Virtue is Required for Practical Wisdom?’, Phronesis, 57, No. 2, 2012.
Dahl, Norman O. ‘Aristotle on Action, Practical Reason, and weakness of the will’, in A companion to Aristotle, (ed.) Georgios Anagnostopoulos. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Di Muzio, Gianluca. ‘Aristotle on Improving One''s Character’, Phronesis, 45, No. 3, Aug., 2000.
Dover, K. J. Greek Popular Morality in the time of Plato & Aristotle. Oxford: Blackwell, 1974.
Flashar, Hellmut. ‘The Critique of Plato (Book I.6 [I.4])’, in Aristotle''s "Nicomachean ethics" , (ed.) Otfried Hoffe; translated by David Fernbach. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010.
Gonzalez, Francisco J. ’ Aristotle on Pleasure and Perfection’, Phronesis, 36,
No. 2, 1991.
Gottlieb, Paula. ‘Aristotle on Dividing the Soul and Uniting the Virtues’, Phronesis, 39, No.3, 1994.
Hardie, W. F. R. Aristotle’s Ethical Theory, Oxford University Press, 1968.
Harte, Verity. ‘The Nicomachean Ethics on Pleasure’, in Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Ronald Polansky, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Heinaman, Robert. ‘Eudaimonia and Self-Sufficiency in the "Nicomachean Ethics"’, Phronesis, 33, No. 1, 1988.
Heinaman, Robert. ‘voluntary, Involuntary, and choice’, in A companion to Aristotle, (ed.) Georgios Anagnostopoulos. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Hughes, Gerard J. Aristotle on Ethics, University College London, 2001.
Hursthouse, Rosalind. ‘The Central Doctrine of the Mean’ , in The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle''s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Richard Kraut. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006.
Irwin, T. H. ''Permanent Happiness: Aristotle and Solon'' in Aristotle''s Ethics: Critical essays, (ed.) Nancy Sherman. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1998.
Irwin, T. H. ‘Reason and Responsibility in Aristotle.’ in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, (ed.) Amelie Oksenberg Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Irwin, T. H. ‘The Structure of Aristotelian Happiness’ Ethics, v.101, 1991.
Karbowski, Joseph Anthony. The Methodology of Aristotle''s Inquiry into the Human Good in the Nicomachean Ethics. University of California, Berkeley, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2009.
Kosman, L. A. ’Being Properly Affected: Virtues and Feeling in Aristotle''s Ethics.’ in Aristotle''s Ethics: Critical Essays. (ed.) Sherman. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.
Kraut, Richard. ‘Aristotle on the Human Good: An Overview’, in Aristotle''s Ethics: Critical Essays, (ed.) Nancy Sherman. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.
Kullmann, Wolfgang. ‘The Contemplative and The Political Forms of Life(Book X.6-9)’ in Aristotle''s "Nicomachean ethics" , (ed.) Otfried Hoffe; translated by David Fernbach. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010.
Lawrence, Gavin. ‘Human Excellence in Character and Intellect’, in A companion to Aristotle, (ed.) Georgios Anagnostopoulos. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Lawrence, Gavin. ‘Human Good and Human Function’ , in The Blackwell guide to Aristotle''s Nicomachean ethics, (ed.) Richard Kraut. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006.
Lear, Gabriel Richardson. ‘Aristotle on Moral Virtue and the Fine’ , in The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle''s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Richard Kraut. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006.
Lear, Gabriel Richardson. ’Happiness and the Structure of Ends’, in A companion to Aristotle, (ed.) Georgios Anagnostopoulos. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Lear, Gabriel Richardson. Happy lives and the highest good : an essay on Aristotle''s Nicomachean ethics, Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University, 2004.
Lockwood, Thornton. ‘Competing ways of life and ring composition(NEx 6-8)’ in Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Ronald Polansky, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Meyer, Susan Sauve’. ‘Aristotle on the Voluntary’, in The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle''s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Richard Kraut. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006.
Moss, Jessica. ‘Virtue Makes the Goal Right: Virtue and Phronesis in Aristotle’s Ethics’, Phronesis, 56, No.3, 2011.
Nagel, Thomas. ‘Aristotle on eudaimonia’, in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, (ed.) Amelie Oksenberg Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Natali, Carlo. The Wisdom of Aristotle, State University of New York, 2001.
Natali, Carlo. ‘The Book on Wisdom’ ,in Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Ronald Polansky, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Pakaluk, Michael. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Price, Anthony. ‘Aristotle on the Ends of Deliberation’, in Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle, (ed.) Michael Pakaluk. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Reeve, C. D. C. ‘Aristotle on the Virtues of Thought’, in The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle''s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Richard Kraut. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub., 2006.
Reeve, C. D. C. ‘Beginning and Ending with Eudaimonia’ in Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Ronald Polansky, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Ricken, Friedo. ‘The Value and Nature of Pleasure (Book VII.11–14 [12–15] and Book X.1–5) ‘, in Aristotle''s "Nicomachean ethics" , (ed.) Otfried Hoffe; translated by David Fernbach. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010.
Roche, T. D. ‘Happiness and the External Goods’ in Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Ronald Polansky, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Rorty, Amelie Oksenberg. ‘The Place of Contemplation in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics ‘, in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, (ed.) Amelie Oksenberg Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Ross, W. D. The Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Russel, Daniel C. ‘Phronesis and the Virtues’, in Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, (ed.) Ronald Polansky, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Segbic, Heda. ‘Deliberation and Choice in Aristotle.’ in Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle, (ed.) Michael Pakaluk. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Sherman, Nancy. ‘Habituation of Character’, in Aristotle''s Ethics: Critical Essays, (ed.) Nancy Sherman. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999.
Smith, A. D. ‘Character and Intellect in Aristotle’s Ethics’, Phronesis, 41, No. 1, 1996.
Sorabji Richard. ‘Aristotle on the Role of Intellect in Virtue’, in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, (ed.) Amelie Oksenberg Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Stone, Mark Alan. An Interpretation Of Aristotle’s Notion Of Happiness In The "Nicomachean Ethics". Nashville, 1982.
Tessitore, A. Reading Aristotle’s Ethics: Virtue, Rhetoric, and Political Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996.
Thomas Nagel, ‘Aristotle on eudaimonia’ , in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, (ed.) Amelie Oksenberg Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Urmson, J. O. ‘Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean’, in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, (ed.) Amelie Oksenberg Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Urmson, J. O. Aristotle’s Ethics. Basil Blackwell Ltd, 1998.
Wiggins, David. ‘Deliberation and Pratical Reason’, in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, (ed.) Amelie Oksenberg Rorty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.
Wolf, Ursula. ‘The Sense of Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean (Book II)’, in Aristotle''s "Nicomachean ethics", (ed.) Otfried Hoffe; translated by David Fernbach. Leiden; Boston: Brill, 2010.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊