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研究生:施尚辰
研究生(外文):Shang-Chen Shih
論文名稱:生質柴油與不同乳化奈米燃料的比較
論文名稱(外文):The comparison of biodiesel fuel and emulsified biodiesel with dirrerent nanopartical proportion
指導教授:林百福林百福引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bai-Fu Lin
口試委員:黃道易黃俊翰
口試委員(外文):Bai-Fu LinBai-Fu Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:車輛工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:排放汙染引擎性能奈米Al2O3乳化生質柴油生質柴油
外文關鍵詞:Exhaust emissionsEngine performanceEmulsified BiodieselNano-Al2O3
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目前各國學者正積極尋找可延長石化燃料使用年限之替代性燃料,因此能夠提升引擎性能及降低車輛排放汙染的生質柴油和水乳化燃料之研究日益被重視。從過去的研究中,我們了解到生質柴油的使用會使NOx排放上升,為了解決上述問題,我們使用水乳化燃料來有效減少NOx排放。不過水乳化燃料的蒸發潛熱高,會導致BSFC值升高和HC排放濃度增加,且因燃料含水而造成燃料消耗率提高,所以添加奈米Al2O3於燃料中改善水乳化燃料的缺點及燃料的燃燒特性,進而提升燃料性能。故本研究使用3 %水分比例的乳化生質柴油,其中分別添加50 ppm、100 ppm、150 ppm奈米Al2O3作為燃料添加劑,製成奈米Al2O3乳化生質柴油,並同時將B10使用於單缸柴油引擎進行實驗。實驗結果顯示,奈米Al2O3乳化生質柴油的使用,可以降低引擎Smoke排放、NOX排放及EGT值,甚至提升最大BMEP值。另一方面,BSFC值和HC排放值雖然比B10高,但隨奈米Al2O3含量增加而減少,故在本研究中也證實添加奈米Al2O3可以使BSFC值和HC排放下降。根據以上實驗結果,我們了解奈米Al2O3乳化生質柴油可以改善生質柴油的使用結果,值得被推廣使用。
The scientists nowadays are finding alternative fuel actively to extend the life of using fossil fuels, therefore, to improve engine performance and reduce pollutant emissions from vehicles, the research of biodiesel and water-emulsified fuel has been taken seriously. According to the related research, using biodiesel would make nitrogen oxides(NOx) emission arise, and using water-emulsified fuel would improve this situation. But using water-emulsified fuel would increase brake specific fuel consumption(BSFC) and hydrocarbon(HC) emissions. To solve the problems above, some researchers take advantage of nano-Al2O3 itself has high thermal conductivity and chemical activity, adding nano-Al2O3 in fuel attempt to improve combustion characteristic and fuel characteristic. Hence, 3 % of water on volume basis were emulsified with biodiesel proportionality. In addition, 50 ppm, 100 ppm, 150 ppm of Nano-Al2O3 blended with emulsified fuel to produce Nano-Al2O3 emulsified fuel, and do engine performance test and emission test in a single cylinder diesel engine, and compare with B10. The results indicate that the Nano-Al2O3 emulsified fuel has less Smoke, NOx emission and exhaust gas temperature(EGT) than B10, and as the Nano-Al2O3 in the emulsion increases, the affection got more obvious. HC emission and BSFC increase because the fuel contained water, but as the Nano-Al2O3 in the emulsion increases, HC emission and BSFC decrease as the Nano-Al2O3 in the emulsion increases. Therefore, according to the results, we know that Nano-Al2O3 emulsified fuel is able to reduce exhaust emission, BSFC, and damage of environment and is worth to be phased in.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 ..10
1.3 研究方法 ..11
1.4 研究範圍與限制 ..12
第二章 文獻探討 ..13
2.1 柴油引擎的燃燒過程 ..13
2.2 柴油引擎的燃燒時期 …15
2.3 燃料噴霧應具備條件 …18
2.4 生質柴油 19
2.4.1 生質柴油之性質 19
2.4.2 生質柴油之製程 21
2.5 乳化燃料 17
2.5.1 乳化燃料之燃燒性質 23
2.5.2 乳化燃料之製程 25
2.6 奈米流體應用於燃料 26
2.6.1 奈米材料之表面效應及化學活性 26
2.6.2 奈米流體之燃燒特性 27
2.6.3 奈米顆粒之懸浮穩定性 28
2.7 文獻相關 30
2.7.1 生質柴油相關 30
2.7.2 乳化燃料相關 34
2.7.3 奈米流體相關 40
2.8 結語 44
第三章 實驗設備與方法 45
3.1 實驗設備 45
3.1.1 單缸柴油引擎 47
3.1.2 引擎馬力試驗機 49
3.1.3 NOx分析儀 50
3.1.4 HC分析儀 51
3.1.5 柴油黑煙濃度計 52
3.1.6 排氣溫度感知器 53
3.2 實驗用燃料與調配方法 54
3.2.1 乳化生質柴油的調配 56
3.2.2 奈米Al2O3乳化生質柴油的調配 58
3.3 實驗步驟與方法 62
第四章 實驗結果與討論 64
4.1 BSFC值之比較 65
4.2 BMEP值之比較 68
4.3 Smoke濃度之比較 70
4.4 NOx濃度之比較 73
4.5 HC濃度之比較 76
4.6 EGT值比較 79
第五章 結論與建議 82
5.1 結論 83
5.2 建議 86
5.3 未來研究方向 87
參考文獻 88
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