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研究生:孫崇軒
研究生(外文):Chung-Hsuan Sun
論文名稱:可攜式投影鋼琴教學系統
論文名稱(外文):Portable AR Piano Training System
指導教授:江佩穎江佩穎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pei-Ying Chiang
口試委員:紀明德謝東儒
口試日期:2016-07-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:資訊工程系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:104
中文關鍵詞:行動裝置鋼琴輔助學習
外文關鍵詞:Mobile devicePianoAssisted learning
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本研究提出一套可以在 android 手機平台上讓使用者學習鋼琴的教學系統,透過微型投影機、UVC Cam 以及非同步投影構築出可互動的投影鋼琴,使得使用者能以較低廉的價格與不受實體鋼琴空間的限制來達到鋼琴學習的效果。此系統提供了演示、學習、練習三種模式,在演示模式中,系統會將範例的譜直接演奏並將當前被彈奏琴鍵變色顯示於投影鍵盤上,而在教學模式中系統會將當前應彈奏的音符標示在五線譜上,而使用者則須依標示彈奏出正確的音符以達到練習的目標,最後在練習模式裡,使用者可隨意地彈奏與檢視自己的成果。
We propose a portable AR piano training system that helps the user to learn piano with affordable cost and no space limitations. During the performance, the training system indicates which note is playing and which corresponding piano key should be pressed on the keyboard. Our system also detects which keys are pressed by the user and give sound/visual feed-back to correct the user. With no requirement of a physical piano and tutor, our system extends a great range of time and space for the user who wants to learn piano.
摘 要 i
Abstract ii
致 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
1.3 論文架構 3
1.4 論文貢獻 4
第二章 相關文獻與研究 5
2.1 過去之相關研究 5
2.1.1 投影輔助學習 5
2.1.2 頭戴式顯示器輔助學習 8
2.1.3 穿戴式裝置輔助學習 8
2.1.4 手持投影系統 9
2.1.5 其他樂器之輔助學習 11
2.2 影像處理相關技術 13
2.2.1 灰階與二值化 13
2.2.2 尋找邊緣 15
2.2.3 凸包(Convexhull) 15
2.2.4 凸包面積 16
2.2.5 輪廓角點判別 17
2.2.6 YCbCr色彩空間 17
2.2.7 膚色偵測 18
第三章 系統架構 20
3.1 硬體架構 20
3.2 UVC Camera 20
3.3 非同步投影 22
3.4 Android影像處理 23
第四章 系統流程 25
4.1 預處理-鍵盤定位 25
4.1.1 琴鍵邊緣偵測 25
4.1.2 琴鍵角點 27
4.1.3 琴鍵判定點內插 29
4.2 實時處理-彈奏 30
4.2.1 膚色偵測 30
4.2.2 觸發判斷 30
4.2.3 視覺回饋 31
第五章 使用者體驗實驗 32
5.1 實驗目的 32
5.2 實驗方法 32
5.2.1 實驗設備 32
5.2.2 實驗對象 33
5.2.3 實驗內容 33
5.3 實驗結果 35
5.4 使用者回饋 36
第六章 結論與未來展望 37
6.1 結論 37
6.2 系統限制 37
6.3 未來展望 37
參考文獻 38
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10.Katja Rogers, Amrei Röhlig, Matthias Weing, Jan Gugenheimer, Bastian Könings, Melina Klepsch, Florian Schaub, Enrico Rukzio, Tina Seufert, and Michael Weber. "P.I.A.N.O.: Faster Piano Learning with Interactive Projection." In Proceedings of the Ninth ACM International Conference on Interactive Tabletops and Surfaces (ITS 14), New York, 2014, 149-158.
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12.Nien-Chi Chen, "PLSOH: An Augmented Reality Based Piano Learning System Using Optical See-Through Head Mounted Display." B.Eng. Thesis, National Taiwan University, 2015.
13.Kevin Huang, Thad Starner, Ellen Do, Gil Weiberg, Daniel Kohlsdorf, Claas Ahlrichs, and Ruediger Leibrandt. "Mobile music touch: mobile tactile stimulation for passive learning." In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 10). New York, 2010, 791-800.
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