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研究生:黃正奇
研究生(外文):Cheng-Chi Huang
論文名稱:空調資訊模型應用於建築遠端能源需量管理之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Research on Air-conditioning Information Model Applied to Remote Building Energy Demand Management
指導教授:蔡尤溪蔡尤溪引用關係
口試委員:蔡尤溪蘇水波施陽正
口試日期:2016-06-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:能源與冷凍空調工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:其他工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:104
中文關鍵詞:空調需量控制空調負載預測系統性能因子空調資訊模型建築節能
外文關鍵詞:air-conditioning demand control Thiscooling load predictionsystem performance factorair-conditioning information modelBuilding energy saving
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本研究發展空調資訊模型,應用於建築遠端能源需量之管理,主要針對典型的中央空調系統,以建置在國立臺北科技大學6E 實驗室的空調冰水系統作為目標案例,利用開放式網路平台BACnet 標準建構建築能源管理系統。在空調整體能源效率方面本文基於系統性能因子(SPF),以數值迴歸方式分析各項空調設備耗能資訊,得R2 值皆在0.98 以上,有效準確地呈現空調設備運轉狀態。
本研究利用產生設計日逐時氣溫的方法,整理出逐時外氣預測模型,並利用標準差分析其預測準確度,結果顯示全年平均預測氣溫之標準差為0.642℃。透過建築動態模擬,分析外氣溫度與室內空調負載之關係,得出逐時空調負載迴歸方程式,進而結合外氣預測模型與逐時空調負載迴歸方程式,整理出逐時空調負載預測模型。本研究採用C#程式語言撰寫出空調需量控制程式,藉此自動控制空調設備,同時計算出空調能源預算,並採用空調資訊儀表板的方式,以圖形化呈現出各項空調資訊,達到建築空調能源管理的目的。
This study has developed an air-conditioning information model, and has applied to the central air-conditioning chiller system of the 6E laboratory at the Taipei University of Technology. The open network protocol BACnet was used to set up a building energy management system. Energy analysis of the air-conditioning system was based on system performance factor, calculated with numerical regressions. R2 higher than 0.98 was obtained for the regression model thus indicates accurate operation monitoring of the air-conditioning system.
This study used the design day hourly temperature prediction model to generate hourly outdoor air temperature. The standard deviation of the predicted temperature annually average at 0.642. Dynamic building energy modeling was used to produce the relationship of hourly cooling load and the outdoor air temperature; regression model was then obtained for cooling load prediction. In this study a C# program was written for air-conditioning automatic demand control. The written program has the capability of calculating air-conditioning energy budget. The program written also graphically displays the air-conditioning information model in the form of dashboard. By controlling energy budget the management of air-conditioning energy can be achieved.
摘 要 ............................................................................................................................... II
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................... III
誌 謝 ............................................................................................................................... V
目錄 ................................................................................................................................ VI
圖目錄 ......................................................................................................................... VIII
表目錄 ............................................................................................................................ XI
第一章 緒論 .............................................................................................................. 1
1.1 前言 .................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 研究目的 .......................................................................................................... 2
1.3 章節架構 .......................................................................................................... 3
第二章 文獻回顧 ...................................................................................................... 5
2.1 建築資訊模型 .................................................................................................. 6
2.2 室內空調負荷預測 .......................................................................................... 7
2.3 中央空調系統最佳化 ...................................................................................... 8
2.4 建築能源監測平台 .......................................................................................... 9
2.5 文獻回顧結果與討論 .................................................................................... 10
第三章 研究方法與流程 ........................................................................................ 12
3.1 事前準備 ........................................................................................................ 13
3.2 空調資訊模型建立流程 ................................................................................ 13
3.3 逐時空調負載預測模型 ................................................................................ 13
3.4 空調需量控制框架 ........................................................................................ 13
3.5 研究成果 ........................................................................................................ 14
第四章 空調資訊模型 ............................................................................................ 15
4.1 空調資訊框架介紹 ........................................................................................ 15
4.2 BACNET 通訊協定 ......................................................................................... 17
4.3 實驗平台架設 ................................................................................................ 18
4.4 空調資訊迴歸方程式 .................................................................................... 23
第五章 室內空調負荷預測 .................................................................................... 28
5.1 外氣逐時環境預測方法 ................................................................................ 28
5.2 台北日溫差分佈係數.................................................................................... 30
5.3 預測準確度分析............................................................................................ 32
5.4 室內空調負載迴歸方程式............................................................................ 39
第六章 空調負荷需量控制程式............................................................................ 47
6.1 空調負荷需量控制撰寫平台介紹................................................................ 48
6.2 空調負荷需量控制程式架構........................................................................ 50
6.3 空調負荷需量控制程式功能驗證................................................................ 51
6.4 空調負荷需量控制程式介面........................................................................ 56
第七章 結論與未來展望........................................................................................ 58
參考文獻........................................................................................................................ 60
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