(18.204.227.34) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/14 08:01
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:林宇哲
研究生(外文):Yu-Zhe Lin
論文名稱:化學處理法改質米糠去除活性藍水溶液之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of Reactive Blue-4 Dye Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Chemically Modified Rice Bran
指導教授:洪桂彬洪桂彬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Gui-Bing Hong
口試委員:馬志明蔡德華張章堂
口試委員(外文):Chih-Ming MaTeh-Hua TsaiChang-Tang Chang
口試日期:2016-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程與生物科技系生化與生醫工程碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:吸附劑、染料、米糠
外文關鍵詞:AdsorbentsDyesRice bran
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:149
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:13
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
染料廣泛應用於紡織、食品、製藥、造紙及化妝品等工業,這些工業所排放出來的廢水中,含有各種不同對環境有害的有機物及有毒物質。由於成本低加上製程簡單,吸附法是眾多技術中最廣為使用的有效辦法之一。近年來隨著環保意識的崛起,農業廢棄物再利用製成低成本的吸附劑已被視為廢水脫色處理的替代材料。因此本研究檢視使用米糠做為吸附劑處理水溶液染料之可行性。影響材料吸附量的因子如: pH值、接觸時間、起始濃度及溫度等,本研究也將一併探討。實驗結果發現,鹼處理後的米糠,由於不錯的染料吸附能力故具備做為低成本吸附劑之潛力。pH效應對染料吸附量有明顯影響。在等溫實驗中發現,鹼處理米糠吸附劑吸附行為較符合Langmuir等溫吸附模式,而萃後鹼處理米糠吸附劑的吸附,則較符合Freundlich等溫吸附模式。動力吸附的探討中發現,鹼處理米糠吸附劑及萃後鹼處理米糠吸附劑,均較符合pseudo-second order動力吸附模式,R2值都在0.99以上。最後,將染料去除率最高的萃後鹼處理米糠吸附劑,以共沉澱的方式,結合磁性顆粒製備出萃後磁性化鹼處理米糠吸附劑,使吸附劑具備磁性方便後續之回收再利用。
Dyes are extensively used in diverse industries such as textiles, food, pharmaceutical, paper and cosmetics. The colored wastewater discharged from these industries contains a variety of environmental unfriendly organic compounds and toxic substances. The adsorption process is widely applied because of its low cost and simplicity. Recently, low cost adsorbents produced from agricultural waste byproducts have been considered alternatives for the decolorization of solutions. The feasibility of using rice bran for the removal of reactive dye from an aqueous solution was examined in this study. The effect of different experimental factors on adsorption capacity, such as pH, contact time, initial dye concentratoin and temperature, were also studied. The results show that alkali modified rice bran has potential as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of RB4 from aqueous solutions due to its satisfactory adsorption capacity. The pH had an obvious effect on dye adsorption capacity. The isothermal data of alkali modified rice bran (un-extracted and extracted) can be adequately described with the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models, respectively. The kinetic study showed that the pseudo-second-order kinetic model was in better agreement with the experimental results. Finally, the problem of the recovery of the adsorbent from an aqueous solution can be overcome owing to the combination of alkali revised rice bran (extracted) with magnetic particles.
摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 V
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 XI
第一章緒論 1
1-1研究背景 2
1-1-1米糠來源及介紹 2
1-1-2染料的介紹及分類 3
1-1-3染料RB-4(Reactive Blue-4)介紹 6
1-1-4台灣染整產業現況 9
第二章文獻回顧 15
2-1染整廢水處理技術 15
2-1-1物理處理法 15
2-1-2化學處理法 16
2-1-3生物處理法 17
2-2非傳統低成本吸附劑 18
2-3吸附劑活化處理 19
2-3-1 物理活化 19
2-3-2化學活化 21
2-4磁性顆粒Fe3O4介紹及製備 21
2-4-1 磁性顆粒 Fe3O4 22
2-4-2 磁性顆粒製備製備方法 23
2-5 吸附理論 25
2-5-1物理吸附 25
2-5-2化學吸附 26
2-5-3交換吸附 26
2-6操作變數影響 26
2-7吸附模式 27
2-7-1等溫吸附 27
2-7-2動力吸附 28
2-7-3熱力學研究 30
第三章實驗方法與材料 32
3-1實驗儀器、材料及藥品 32
3-1-1原始米糠吸附劑製備及改質 32
3-1-2萃後米糠吸附劑製備及改質 33
3-2吸附劑製備及改質 36
3-2-1原始米糠吸附劑製備及改質 37
3-2-2萃後米糠吸附劑製備及改質 37
3-3米糠吸附劑特性分析 38
3-3-1掃描式電子顯微鏡-能量分散光譜儀(SEM-EDX) 38
3-3-2 BET比表面積量測儀 39
3-3-3紅外線光譜分析儀(FTIR) 40
3-4吸附實驗 41
3-4-1紫外可見光分光光譜儀(Uv-Vis) 41
3-4-2吸附劑去除水中染料RB-4實驗 41
3-5批次實驗 42
3-5-1吸附劑量對染料吸附之影響 42
3-5-2染料濃度對吸附之影響 43
3-5-3 pH值對染料吸附之影響 43
3-5-4等溫吸附實驗 43
3-5-5動力吸附實驗 44
3-6米糠吸附劑脫附 44
3-7重複實驗 45
第四章 結果與討論 46
4-1米糠吸附劑特性分析 46
4-1-1掃描式電子顯微鏡-能量分散光譜儀(SEM-EDX) 46
4-1-2 BET比表面積分析 49
4-1-3紅外光光譜儀(FTIR) 50
4-2 原始米糠及萃後米糠吸附效果比較 52
4-3吸附劑量影響 53
4-4染料濃度影響 54
4-5 pH值影響 55
4-6 等溫吸附實驗 56
4-7 動力吸附實驗 60
4-8 吸附劑吸附效果 64
4-9 吸附劑再生實驗 67
第五章結論 69
參考文獻 71
附錄A 75
附錄B 81
附錄C 82
1.王昭閔,「農業廢棄物筊白筍殼去除水中染料之最適化研究」,博士論文,中華醫事科技大學生物安全衛生研究所, 2011。
2.江莉雯,「利用銀合歡合成微孔活性碳與後續硫含浸處理後之理化性質探討」,碩士論文,國立高雄第一科技大學環境與安全衛生工程系,2010。6
3.邱永亮、魏盛德,染色化學,徐氏文教基金會,2004。
4.李中光,些用於去除染料之非傳統低成本吸附劑之介紹,環保簡訊(桃園縣大學校院產業環保技術服務團),第2期,2009。
5.李雨寰,「以活性氧化鋁改質Fe3O4以應用於吸附水中磷酸鹽」,碩士論文,國立宜蘭大學環境工程學系,2013。
6.林家寧,「利用奈米級氧化鎂破壞性吸附染料廢水之反應機制」,碩士論文,國立中山大學環境工程研究所,2007。
7.陳立偉,磁性奈米吸附劑,2014。
8.陳名陽,染色,工業科技叢書,建宏出版社,2001。
9.張林生,印染廢水處理技術及典型工程,化學工業出版社,2005。
10.葉佳玲,「磁性奈米鐵吸附水中酸性染料之特性研究」,碩士論文,義守大學土木與生態工程學系,2008。
11.廖敏宏,「磁性奈米載體在生物觸媒和生化分離之應用」,博士論文,國立成功大學化學工程研究所, 2002。
12.黨鈺銘,「聚苯乙烯/脫脂米糠顆粒混合基材薄膜之製備與其染料吸附應用」,碩士論文,國立中興大學化學工程學系所,2003。
13.經濟部工業局,行業製程減廢及污染防治技術-印染整理業介紹,環保技術輔導計畫,2005。
14.Aboua, K. N., Yobouet, Y. A ., Yao, K. B., Gon, D. L., Trokourey, A. 2015. Investigation of dye adsorption onto activated carbon from the shells of Macore fruit. Journal of Environmental Management 156: 10-14.
15.Afkhami, A ., Sayari, S., Moosavi, R., Madrakian, T. 2015. Magnetic nickel zinc ferrite nanocomposite as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of organic dyes from aqueous solutions. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 21: 920-924.
16.Aguayo-Villarreal, I. A., Ramirez-Montoya, L. A., Hernandez-Montoya, V., Bonilla-Petriciolet, A., Montes-Moran, M. A., Ramirez-Lopez, E. M. 2013. Sorption mechanism of anionic dyes on pecan nut shells (Carya illinoinensis) using batch and continuous systems. Industrial Crops and Products 48: 89-97.
17.Annadurai, G., Juang, R. S., Lee, D. J. 2002. Use of cellulose-based wastes for adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials 92: 263-274.
18.Baldikova, E., Safarikova, M., Safarik, I. 2015. Organic dyes removal using magnetically modified rye straw. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 380: 181-185.
19.Chander, M., Arora, D. S. 2007. Evaluation of some white-rot fungi for their potential to decolourise industrial dyes. Dyes and Pigments 72: 192-198.
20.Chuang, Y. H., Ju, Y. H. 2007. Kinetic studies of phytosterol adsorption on Zeolite. Separation Science and Technology 42: 611-624.
21.Chen, S., Zhang, J., Zhang, C., Yue, Q., Li, Y., Li, C. 2010. Equilibrium and kinetic studies of methyl orange and methyl violet adsorption on activated carbon derived from Phragmites australis. Desalination 252: 149-156.
22.Dogan, M., Alkan, M. 2003. Removal of methyl violet from aqueous solution by perlite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 267: 32-41.
23.Georgin, J., Dotto, G. L., Mazutti, M. A., Foletto, E. L. 2016. Preparation of activated carbon from peanut shell by conventional pyrolysis and microwave irradiation pyrolysis to remove organic dyes from aqueous solutions. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 4: 266-275.
24.Gupta, V. K., Mittal, A., Gajbe, V. 2005. Adsorption and desorption studies of a water soluble dye, Quinoline Yellow, using waste materials. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 284: 89-98.
25.Hameed, B. H., Ahmad, A. A., Aziz, N. 2007. Isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics of acid dye adsorption on activated palm ash. Chemical Engineering Journal 133: 195-203.
26.Hameed, B. H. 2009. Spent tea leaves: A new non-conventional and low-cost adsorbent for removal of basic dye from aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials 161: 753-759.
27.Hor , K. Y., Cheng Chee, J. M., Chong, M. N., Jin, B., Saint, C., Poh, P. E., Aryal, R. 2016. Evaluation of physicochemical methods in enhancing the adsorption performance of natural zeolite as low cost adsorbent of methylene blue dye from wastewater. Journal of Cleaner Production 118: 197-209.
28.Juang , R. S., Wu, F. C., Tseng, R. L. 2002. Characterization and use of activated carbons prepared from bagasses for liquid-phase adsorption. A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 201: 191-199.
29.Liu, A. H., Salabas, E. L., Schüth, F. 2007. Magnetic nanoparticles : Synthesis,protection, functionalization, and application. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 46: 1222-1244.
30.Muthukumaran, C., Sivakumar, V. M., Thirumarimurugan, M. 2016. Adsorption isotherms and kinetic studies of crystal violet dye removal from aqueous solution using surfactant modified magnetic nanoadsorbent. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 63: 354-362.
31.Nguyen ,V. H, Khong, T. T., Tran, H. Q., Trang, S. T. 2016. One step facile synthesis of mesoporous grapheme / Fe3O4 / chitosan nanocomposite and its adsorption capacity for a textile dye. Journal of Water Process Engineering 9: 170-178.
32.Njoku, V. O., Foo, K. Y., Asif ,M.,Hameed, B. H. 2014. Preparation of activated carbons from rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum)peel by microwave-induced KOH activation for acid yellow 17 dye adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal 250: 198-204.
33.Noorimotlagh, Z., Soltani, R. D. C., Khataee, A. R., Shahriyar, S.,
Nourmoradi, H. 2014. Adsorption of a textile dye in aqueous phase using mesoporous activated carbon prepared from Iranian milk vetch. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 45: 1783-1791.
34.Ozacar, M., Sengil, I. A. 2005. Adsorption of metal complex dyes from aqueous solutions by pine sawdust. Bioresource Technology 96: 791-795.
35.Pengthamkeerati, P ., Satapanajaru, T., Chatsatapattayakul, N., Chairattanamanokorn, P., Sananwai, N. 2010. Alkaline treatment of biomass fly ash for reactive dye removal from aqueous solution. Desalination 261: 34-40.
36.Saikia, J., Das, G. 2014. Framboidal vaterite for selective adsorption of anionic dyes. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 2: 1165-1173.
37.Umar, I. A., Abdulraheem, G., Bala, S., Muhammad, S., Abdullahi, M. 2015. Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics studies of C. I. Reactive Blue 19 dye adsorption on coconut shell based activated carbon. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 102: 265-273.
38.Walker, G. M., Hansen, L., Hanna, J. A., Allen, S. J. 2003. Kinetics of a reactive dye adsorption onto dolomitic sorbents. Water Research 37: 2081-2089.
39.Wang, H. Y., Shen, Y., Shen, C., Wen, Y. H., Li, H. 2012. Enhanced adsorption of dye on magnetic Fe3O4 via HCl assisted sonication pretreatment. Desalination 284: 122-127.
40.Xiao, S., Wang, Z., Ma, H., Yang, H., Xu, W. 2014. Effective removal of dyes from aqueous solution using ultrafine silk fibroin powder. Advanced Powder Technology 25: 574-581.
41.Xu, C., Chen, H ., Jiang, F.2015. Adsorption of perflourooctane sulfonate (PFOS) andperfluorooctanoate (PFOA) on polyaniline nanotubes. Colloids and Surfaces 479 : 60–67.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔