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研究生:何宇凡
研究生(外文):YU,FAN,HO
論文名稱:增強式結合肌力訓練組合對籃球愛好者下肢肌力與垂直跳躍表現之效益
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Combined Plyometric and Strength Training Programs in Improving the Lower Extremity Muscle Strength and Jump Performance
指導教授:黎俊彥黎俊彥引用關係邱文頊邱文頊引用關係
指導教授(外文):LI,JYUN-YANCHIU,WEN-HSU
口試委員:黎俊彥邱文頊林寶城
口試委員(外文):LI,JYUN-YANCHIU,WEN-HSULIN,BAO-CHERNG
口試日期:2016-06-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:育達科技大學
系所名稱:休閒事業管理系碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2016
畢業學年度:104
語文別:中文
論文頁數:30
中文關鍵詞:增強式訓練肌力訓練下蹲跳蹲踞跳淨體重最大肌力峰值
外文關鍵詞:Plyometric trainingStrength trainingCounter movement jumpSquat jumpOeak torque per body weigth
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目的:探討利用短時間增強式訓練(Plyometric Training, PT)結合肌力訓練(Strength Training, ST)組合對下肢肌力與跳躍能力之效益。
方法:受試對象為大學各系女子籃球隊27位選手,以隨機分派分為PT+ST組(n=13)與控制組(C, n=14)。所有受試者皆規律進行每週1~3次,每次120分鐘的籃球專項訓練,實驗組則額外進行每次20分鐘,每週3次,連續6週ST+PT訓練組合。每位受試者皆以等速測力儀進行每秒240°/s的膝關節屈伸(extension, EX & flexion, FL)淨體重最大肌力峰值(peak torque per body weigth, PT/BW)。
評估:垂直跳躍能力表現則是以AMTI三軸測力板進行雙腳之蹲踞跳(Squat Jump, SJ)與下蹲跳(Counter Movement Jump, CMJ)評估,以獨立樣本t檢定分析訓練前後膝關節PTS與SJ/CMJ垂直跳躍能力表現之差異,顯著水準皆定為α= .05。
結果:PT+ST訓練組合能有效增進跳躍高度(SJ與CMJ)的表現,增進膝關節240°/s屈伸等速淨體重肌力峰值。
結論:六週PT+ST訓練組何能有效增進跳躍能力與下肢肌力表現。

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 6-weeks combined plyometric and strength training programs in improving the lower extremity muscle strength and jump performance. Thirty-seven college female basketball amateurs volunteered as participants. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups (Plyometric Training, PT + Strength Training, ST, n=13 and a control group, n=14 ). All the players were underwent regular basketball practicing, 120 minutes, 1~3 times per week for 6 weeks, but the experimental group underwent extra PT+ST combinations, 20 minutes, 3 times per week for 6 weeks during this period. The non-dominant leg knee Extension/Flexion (E/F) Peak Torque per Body Weigth (PT/BW) was evaluated by the Biodex S4 at 240°/s test in isokinetic concentric mode. The jump performance was measured by AMTI force plate for foot of Counter Movement Jump (CMJ) and Squat Jump (SJ). Independent-Samples t Test was used to compare the different change between groups before and after training for each parameter, the statistic significance was set at α= .05. The results showed that 6 weeks PT+ST group can significant increased the non-dominant leg knee 240°/s (E/F) PT/BW and jump height performance. It was concluded that 6 weeks PT+BT programs could improve lower extremity muscle strength and jump performance
目錄
謝誌 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 問題背景 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究假設 2
1.4 研究範圍與限制 3
1.5 名詞操作性定義 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 籃球體能表現相關研究 5
2.2 增強式結合肌力訓練組合相關研究 5
2.3 增強式結合肌力訓練組合對運動傷害預防相關研究 7
2.4 文獻總結 7
第三章 研究方法與步驟 8
3.1 研究架構 8
3.2 研究對象 9
3.3 實驗設計 9
3.4 資料處理與分析 15
第四章 研究結果與討論 16
4.1 各組的生理特徵表現 16
4.2 各組的股四頭肌與腿後腱肌群肌力表現 17
4.3 各組的垂直跳躍高度表現 21
4.4 討論 23
第五章 結論 25
參考文獻 26
附錄 29

表目錄
表2-1 籃球體能表現相關研究 5
表2-2 PT結合肌力訓練組合對下肢肌力與跳躍能力相關研究 6
表3-1 六週增強式訓練內容 11
表3-2 六週肌力訓練內容 12
表3-3 增強式與肌力訓練動作分解說明 12
表4-1 各組生理特徵、前測下肢肌力與跳躍表現的描述性統計/t檢定 16
表4-2 各組非慣用240°/s FL腳腿後肌群肌力表現的描述性統計與變化量 17
表4-3 各組240°/s FL腿後腱肌群肌力表現的描述性統計與t-Test 18
表4-4 各組非慣用腳240°/s EX股四頭肌群肌力表現的描述性統計與變化量 19
表4-5 各組240°/s EX股四頭肌群肌力表現的描述性統計與t-Test 20
表4-6 各組SJ與CMJ垂直跳躍高度表現的描述性統計與變化率 21
表4-7 各組CMJ垂直跳躍高度表現的描述性統計與t-Test 22
表4-8 各組SJ垂直跳躍高度表現的描述性統計與t-Test 23

圖目錄
圖3-1 研究架構 8
圖3-2 增強式結合肌力與籃球專項訓練流程圖 9
圖3-3 垂直跳躍騰空與落地時間訊號圖 10
圖4-1 各組訓練前後240°/s膝關節屈曲肌力表現 17
圖4-2 各組訓練前後240°/s膝關節屈曲肌力差異進步表現 18
圖4-3 各組訓練前後240°/s膝關節伸展肌力表現 19
圖4-4 各組訓練前後240°/s膝關節伸展肌力差異進步表現 20
圖4-5 各組訓練前後下蹲跳垂直跳躍高度表現 21
圖4-6 各組訓練前後蹲踞跳垂直跳躍高度表現 21
圖4-7 各組訓練前後下蹲跳垂直跳躍高度進步幅度差異表現 22
圖4-8 各組訓練前後蹲踞跳垂直跳躍高度進步幅度差異表現 23
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陳永錚、賴怡婷、李茵、林佩伶、施怡芬、陳文英與李雪禎(2012)。預防性訓練計劃對於女性運動員前十字韌帶傷害預防效果:系統性回顧與統合分析。物理治療,37,30-40。
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林彥廷(2008)。不同級大專男子籃球選手各比賽位置體能差異之研究。運動與健康管理研討會。
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陳永錚、賴怡婷、李茵、林佩伶、施怡芬、陳文英與李雪禎(2012)。預防性訓練計劃對於女性運動員前十字韌帶傷害預防效果:系統性回顧與統合分析。物理治療,37,30-40。

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