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研究生(外文):WU, YUE-TUN
論文名稱(外文):Gender Issues in Chinese and Western Folktales/Fairy Tales: A Comparative Study
指導教授(外文):WANG, TSU-FU
口試委員(外文):Christopher J. O’BrienWANG, CHING-HUANG
外文關鍵詞:western classical fairytalesChinese folktalesgendermasculinityfemininity,gendered discourses
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Western classical fairytales and Chinese folktales are usually selected for children as supplementary reading materials. Although the stories of them may be fictional, they nonetheless reflect the reality of a culture and its society. Therefore, this study was aimed at comparing the differences and similarities of gender ideology in Chinese and western folktales/fairy tales. Eight representative stories from both western classical fairytales and Chinese folktales were selected as the research materials. They are Snow White, The Frog Prince, Rapunzel, The Sleeping Beauty, Butterfly Lovers, Legend of the White Snake, Lady Meng Jiang and The Cowherd and the Weaving Maid.
This study mainly used gendered discourse analysis (Sunderland, 2004) as an analytic method to decode the gender ideology behind various characters and the plots from western classical fairytales and Chinese folktales. Six discourses were chosen from gendered discourses to categorizes and decode the research materials, i.e. architectural discourse, legal discourse, masculinity discourse, femininity discourse, discourse of fantasy and discourse of villain.
Findings showed that gender stereotypes were exactly existed in western classical fairytales; however, Chinese folktales did not contain as many stereotypical images about masculinity and femininity as the western classical fairytales. One important implication of this research for gender studies and gender education would be to dispel the stereotypical and taken-for-granted assumptions about gender, and by so doing to create a free society without gender discriminations.
摘要 i
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Purpose of the study 3
1.3 Significance of the Study 4
1.4 Organization of the Thesis 5
2.1 What is Gender? 6
2.1.1 The Definition of Masculinity 7
2.1.2 The Definition of Femininity 9
2.1.3 The Definition of Gender Stereotypes 10
2.2 Powerful Paper Media 11
2.3 Western Classical Fairytales 12
2.3.1 Gender Stereotypes in Western Classical Fairytales 13
2.4 Chinese Folktales 14
2.4.1 China’s Four Great Folktales 16
3.1 Research Design 18
3.2 Data Sources 21
3.2.1 Four Western Classical Fairytales Review 22
3.2.2 China’s Four Great Folktales Review 25
3.3 Data Collection Procedure 28
3.3.1 Categorizations 29
3.3.2 Collecting the Data for Analysis 31
3.3.3 Theoretically Based Interpretations 34
4.1 Major Discourses 35
4.1.1 Masculinity Discourses 36 Western Classical Fairytales 36 Chinese Folktales 46
4.1.2 Femininity Discourses 54 Western Classical Fairytales 54 Chinese Folktales 68
4.2 Minor Discourses 79
4.2.1 Architectural Discourses 79 Western Classical Fairytales 79 Chinese Folktales 85
4.2.2 Legal Discourses 89 Western Classical Fairytales 89 Chinese Folktales 93
4.2.3 Discourse of Villain 96 Western Classical Fairytales 96 Chinese Folktales 103
4.2.4 Discourses of Fantasy 107 Western Classical Fairytales 107 Chinese Folktales 116
4.3 Comparison & Contrast 121
4.4 Findings 131
5.1 Discussion 135
5.2 Conclusion 142
5.3 Implications 145
5.4 Limitations of the Study 146
5.5 Suggestions for Future Research 147
Appendix A Gendered Discourses for Snow-white 154
Appendix B Gendered Discourses for The Frog Prince 160
Appendix C Gendered Discourses for Rapunzel 165
Appendix D Gendered Discourses for The Sleeping Beauty 171
Appendix E Gendered Discourses for The Butterfly Lovers 176
Appendix F Gendered Discourses for The Legend of White Snake 179
Appendix G Gendered Discourses for Lady Meng Jiang 184
Appendix H Gendered Discourses for The Weaver Girl and the Cowherd 188

Table 3.1 Existing named discourses 30
Table 3.2 Selected discourses 32
Table 4.1 The Comparison and Contrast in Masculinity Discourses 121
Table 4.2 The Comparison and Contrast in Femininity Discourses 125
Table 4.3 The Comparison and Contrast in Minor Discourses 128

Figure 3.1 Research Design & Process 20

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