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研究生:黎玉光
研究生(外文):Le Ngoc Quang
論文名稱:越南地雷風險教育的影響之廣南省案例研究
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Mine Risk Education (MRE) Program in Viet Nam: A Case in Quang Nam Province
指導教授:洪志成洪志成引用關係
指導教授(外文):HUNG, CHIH-CHENG
口試委員:林平莊閔惇
口試委員(外文):LIN, PINGCHUANG, MIN-TUN
口試日期:2017-06-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:教育學碩士在職專班
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:118
中文關鍵詞:地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)地雷未爆彈(UXO)除雷行動整合
外文關鍵詞:Mine Risk EducationLandminesUnexploded OrdinanceMine actionMine awareness
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如今,世界上有許多受到地雷及未爆彈(UXO)威脅的國家,那些群體忽視了這些戰爭遺留下來的爆裂物(ERW)的警告。地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)正日益成為戰後區域在防雷意識領域上有效的健康教育和促進變革的根本。根據聯合國的說法,地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)意指一些透過提高意識和促進行為的改變以降低由地雷或未爆彈(UXO)所造成的傷害的教育活動,包括公共的資訊傳播、教育和培訓以及社區除雷行動的聯繫。本研究首先會先描繪地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的實證研究,它是根據從1975年至今在越南戰爭地區以及廣南省的戰爭地區實施地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的過程中,所收集到的數據來進行的研究。其次,許多有關衛生教育的文獻和地雷風險教育計劃經驗的出版物,需要透過一些以社會、經濟和政治局勢為基礎的新方法以及解決方案,來改變或提升地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的實踐。第三,研究人員指出了一些關於風險計劃產生的結果與影響的新發現,並將地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的整合納入學校研究所的課程中。最後,研究者根據此計畫得到的結果和經驗,提出了一些解決方案,以提高地雷風險教育計畫(MRE)的效用以及品質的方法。
In post-conflict settings, landmine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) constitute a public health hazard. In Vietnam, forty two years after the conflict has ended, people continue to be injured by the remaining of explosive remnants of war (ERW), as a resulting in long term disability, psychological sequel, and death. Mine risk education (MRE) program has become a fundamental key for effective health education and promotion in the field of mine awareness. MRE included public information dissemination, education and training and community mine action liaison in the battle area after the war. This study was adopted a mixed methods research approach which consisted of non-participant observation, survey, and in-depth interview. The findings from this study indicated both of the organization and individual levels have many positive effects and impacts. On organization level, the findings found that the MRE program was timely and satisfy the community needs in terms of reducing the threats from landmine and UXO. The finding of the study also revealed that the coordination between the MRE organization and Inter-Agency Coordination Group on Mine Action (IACG-MA) greatly supported MRE activities and initiatives within United Nations (UN) system. Meanwhile, the study indicated in terms of the impact of the MRE which based on coverage and scale perspective through how many individuals receiving the MRE training as well as coverage of risk education at contaminated areas. In addition to organization aspects, the MRE program has impacted on individual level. Both of the adults and children have remarkably gained the knowledge and the positive attitude. The questionnaire regarding the knowledge of MRE was surveyed in one of the most UXO contaminated district in Quang Nam province. In research area, 53 adults (28 teachers and 25 non-teachers) and 184 children were surveyed by KAPB; 18 participants included government state officer, village leader, international NGOs staff, landmine survivor, teachers and student who were interviewed by in-depth interview. The result of the survey noted that the major damage of UXO to human being included death and casualty. Key of risk behavior for local people consisted of tampering, fire, moving, and throwing landmine and UXO. However, the finding of KAPB illustrated that 7.2% of both teacher and non-teacher did not know the reason why a UXO exploded and 1.5% agreed that they should take the UXO and throw it away. The result showed that 1.1% of children respondents did not know how to protect themselves from landmine and UXO accident. As a result, the study indicated a need so as to integrate the MRE into the curriculum and encourage stakeholders in order to improve the effects and enhance the quality of MRE programs.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv
ABSTRACT v
摘要 vii
TABLE OF CONTENTS viii
LIST OF FIGURES xi
LIST OF TABLES xii
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS xiii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Research Focus 2
1.3 Rationale 3
1.4 Definitions 3
1.4.1 Mine Risk Education 3
1.4.2 The Distinction Between Effects and Impacts of MRE 4
1.5 Background 5
1.5.1 MRE in the World 5
1.5.2 MRE in Vietnam 6
1.5.3 MRE in Quang Nam province 8
1.6 Research Aims and Questions 9
1.7 Research Methodology 10
1.8 Scope and Delimitation 10
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 11
2.1 Humanitarian Mine Action 11
2.2 Effects of MRE 12
2.2.1 Effects of MRE on organization level 12
2.2.1.1 Timely 12
2.2.1.2 Flexible 12
2.2.1.3 Integration 13
2.2.1.4 Coordinated 14
2.2.1.5 Monitored and Adjusted 14
2.2.2 Effects of MRE on Individual Level 15
2.2.2.1 Appropriate 15
2.2.2.2 Memorable 15
2.2.2.3 Deliverable 16
2.3 Impacts of MRE 16
2.3.1 Impacts of MRE on Organization Level 16
2.3.1.1 Coverage and Scale 16
2.3.1.2 Accessibility 16
2.3.1.3 Capacity 17
2.3.2 Impacts of MRE on Individual Level 17
2.3.2.1 Behavioral Changes 17
2.3.2.2 Attitudinal Changes 18
2.3.2.3 Recognizes and Understands Risk Behavior 18
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 21
3.1 Research Design 21
3.1.1 Research Framework 21
3.2 Research Location 23
3.2.1 Research Location 23
3.2.2 MRE Curriculum 25
3.2.3 Participants 31
3.3 Data Collection 33
3.3.1 Data Collection Tool 33
3.3.1.1 Face to Face Interview 33
3.3.1.2 Telephone and Skype Interview 33
3.3.1.3 Desk Review 34
3.3.2 In-depth Interviews 34
3.3.3 Ethnographic Non-participant Observation 34
3.3.4 Secondary Document Research 35
3.3.5 Instrument of Survey 35
3.3.6 Way of Data Collection 38
3.3.7 Data Collection Procedure 39
3.4 Data Analysis 41
3.5 Ethics and Challenges 41
3.5.1 Ethics 41
3.5.2 Challenges 41
CHAPTER 4 RESEARCH RESULTS 43
4.1 General Findings 43
4.1.1 Occupation Status and Educational Level 43
4.1.2 KAPB in Adult 44
4.1.2.1 Knowledge 44
4.1.2.2 Attitudes, Practices and Beliefs 48
4.1.3 KAPB in Children 51
4.1.3.1 Knowledge 51
4.1.3.2 Attitudes, Practices and Beliefs 53
4.2 Effects of MRE 55
4.2.1 Effects of MRE on Organization Level 55
4.2.1.1 Timely 55
4.2.1.2 Flexible 56
4.2.1.3 Integration 57
4.2.1.4 Coordinated 57
4.2.1.5 Monitored and Adjusted 58
4.2.2 Effects of MRE on Individual Level 59
4.2.2.1 Appropriate 59
4.2.2.2 Memorable 62
4.2.2.3 Deliverable 63
4.3 Impacts of MRE 63
4.3.1 Impacts of MRE on Organization Level 63
4.3.1.1 Coverage and Scale 63
4.3.1.2 Accessibility 65
4.3.1.3 Capacity 67
4.3.2 Impacts of MRE on Individual Level 68
4.3.2.1 Behavior 68
4.3.2.2 Attitude 69
4.3.2.3 Recognizes and Understands Risk Behavior 71
4.4 Integration MRE into Curriculum 72
4.5 Finding Summary 73
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 77
5.1 Research Conclusion 77
5.1.1 KAPB Regarding Landmine and UXO 77
5.1.2 The Effects of MRE 78
5.1.2.1 The Effects of MRE on Organization Level 78
5.1.2.2 The Effects of MRE on Individual Level 79
5.1.3 The Impacts of MRE 79
5.1.3.1 The Impacts of MRE on Organization Level 80
5.1.3.2 The Impacts of MRE on Individual Level 81
5.2 Suggestions 81
5.2.1 Improvement of MRE Quality 81
5.2.2 Integration MRE into Curriculum 83
5.2.3 MRE and Engaging Stakeholders 84
5.2.3.1 DOETs 84
5.2.3.2 DOLISAs 84
5.2.3.3 Other Stakeholders 85
REFERENCE 87
APPENDICES 91
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