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研究生:王惠萍
研究生(外文):Wang, Hui-Ping
論文名稱:中風復原期病人復原力及其相關因素之探討
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Resilience and Related Factors of Stroke Rehabilitation Patients
指導教授:徐秀琹徐秀琹引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsu, Hsiu-Chin
口試委員:陳素惠楊建中
口試委員(外文):Chen, Su-HuiYang, Chien-Chung
口試日期:2017-06-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:長庚科技大學
系所名稱:健康照護研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:其他醫藥衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:中風自我效能社會支持復原力
外文關鍵詞:strokeself - efficacysocial supportresilience
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研究背景:突發中風和後續遺留之後遺症,常引發患者無法接受失能的打擊和回歸以往的生活或工作模式,加上需要依賴他人而感到痛苦無助,同時冗長的復健治療更是衝擊著患者身心,造成個人及家庭重大壓力與衝擊。復原力是一種壓力事件適應過程的能力,也是調適壓力的緩衝劑,當面臨重大疾病危機,復原力會影響其衝擊程度並可減輕壓力源所造成的傷害,有助於疾病生活適應及維持良好功能。
研究目的:本研究主要研究目的包括: (一)了解中風復原期病人之人口學變項、自我效能、社會支持及復原力之分佈情形、(二)了解中風復原期病人之人口學變項與復原力的差異、(三)探討中風復原期病人之自我效能與復原力的相關、(四)探討中風復原期病人之社會支持與復原力的相關、及(五)預測中風復原期病人復原力之影響因子。
研究方法:本研究採橫斷式研究設計,以立意取樣方式進行,招募20歲以上經醫師診斷為中風12個月內住院病人;研究工具有:個人基本資料問卷、腦中風自我效能量表及社會支持量表和中文版復原力量表進行資料收集。以描述性統計與推論性之獨立樣t 檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森相關分析及以逐步複迴歸進行資料分析。
研究結果:共收集128位中風復原期住院病人,平均年齡為57.2±11.6歲、男性為多。中風時間平均142.5±108.9天;第一次中風、缺血性中風、左側肢體偏癱、MRS等級第4級中重度失能和有接受針灸治療者居多。整體而言,年齡愈高、已婚者和配偶子女居住者,其復原力較高;自我效能、社會支持與復原力呈顯著正相關。經逐步迴歸分析,腦中風後自我效能、婚姻狀況、整體實質社會支持、年齡為復原力顯著的預測因子。
結論與建議:長期復健的中風復原期病人而言,中風所引起的身體功能障礙易使個人生命陷入困境。在這個過程中,多數的病人除了要重新接受自己身體心像的改變外,對於原有的生活模式也需要重新調整及修正,以因應生理、心理或社會等各層面之衝擊。本研究結果顯示自我效能、實質社會支持對於個人在接受生活與自我以及個人勝任能力都具有顯著相關。年齡以及婚姻狀況對於復原力也發現有差異。未來臨床除透過在職教育訓練,提升健康照護者運用知識及技能增加病人自我效能以及社會支持來協助病人外,也可善加運用長期照護資源,成立座談會、跨領域的醫療專業團隊合作,以及運用病友力量,成立病友組織,相互交流學習,以增加多元化社會支持力量和病人信心程度,進而增加病人復原力,能有助於個人面對危機威脅所帶來的負面衝擊,促使疾病恢復及適應和自我照護,對於病人能有更多助益 。期許日後能提供臨床之健康照護者應用於促進中風病人復原力之參考,以提升整體照護品質。
Background: Sudden onset and sequelae of stroke usually cause victims to face impact of unacceptable disability and difficulty to return to former lifestyle or work, and they also feel distressed helplessness as the result of dependent daily activity. Moreover, the lengthy rehabilitation therapy is the source of physical and mental impact of stroke patients, resulting in burden and impact on personal and family. Resilience is a process to adapt and buffer stress event. Furthermore, resilience will affect the impact and attenuate the hurt of major diseases we facing, it also assists patients in adapting life after the disease and maintaining well function.
Objective: The main objectives of this study include (a) to understand the distribution of demographic characteristics, self-efficacy, social support and resilience of stroke patients in recovery stage, (b) to understand the difference between demographic characteristics and resilience of stroke patients in recovery stage, (c) to explore the correlation between self-efficacy and resilience of stroke patients in recovery stage, (d) to explore the correlation between social support and resilience of stroke patients in recovery stage, and (5) to predict the influencing factors of resilience of stroke patients in recovery stage.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was employed. Purposive sampling was used to recruit stroke in-patients diagnosed by doctors, more than 20 years old and onset less than twelve months. The characteristics questionnaire, stroke self-efficacy scale and social support scale and Chinese version of the Resilience Scale were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson correlation and stepwise regression analysis were used for data analysis.
Results: A total of 128 stroke in-patients were recruited, with characteristics including an average age of 57.2 ± 11.6 years old, male predominance, mean of stroke duration 142.5 ± 108.9 days, the first time stroke attack, ischemic stroke predominance, left limb hemiplegia predominance, the Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) 4th grade and the majority of patients receiving acupuncture treatment. Overall, the older patient’s age are, married and lived with spouse and children, the higher their resilience scales are; self-efficacy, social support and resilience possess significantly positive correlation. According to the results from stepwise regression analysis, self-efficacy, marital status, general social support and age all are significant predictors of resilience of stroke patients.
Conclusion and Recommendations: For stroke patients who need long-term rehabilitation, physical dysfunction caused by the stroke insult can threaten their life. In the disease process, in addition, the majority of patients accept their own physical and mental changes again, they must readjust and modify the original lifestyle in order to adapt to physical, psychological and social impacts. According to the results of this study, we found that self-efficacy and social support significantly correlate with the acceptance of life and self and competence in individual. Age and marital status also have different effects in resilience. It is crucial to promote the knowledge and skills of healthcare provider by holding in-service education to increase patient’s self-efficacy and social support to assist patients in the future. Moreover, thealth providers can take advantage of long-term care resources, set up symposiums, co-operate by cross-disciplinary medical professional team, and establish patient organizations by patient strength to exchange learning in order to increase the diversity of social support and patient confidence, and finally increase the patient's resilience. These efforts can help individuals face the negative impact caused by crisis and enhance disease recovery, adaptation and self-care. There are more benefits for these patients. We hope that our research will be a reference for clinical care providers to promote the resilience of stroke patients and improve overall care quality in the future.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 III
目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與重要性 1
第二節 研究動機 2
第三節 研究目的 3
第四節 研究問題 3
第五節 研究假設 4
第六節 名詞定義 4
第二章 文獻查證 6
第一節 腦中風概述 6
第二節 影響中風復原期病人復原力之相關因素 9
第三節 中風病人復原力之概述 18
第四節 中風病人復原力與其相關因素之研究 21
第三章 研究方法 27
第一節 研究架構 27
第二節 研究設計 28
第三節 研究對象與場所 28
第四節 研究工具 28
第五節 研究步驟 30
第六節 研究倫理 31
第七節 研究工具信度與效度 31
第八節 資料收集過程 35
第九節 資料處理及統計方法 37
第四章 研究結果 38
第一節 中風復原期病人之人口學變項、自我效能、社會支持及復原力之分佈情形 38
第二節 中風復原期病人之人口學變項與復原力的差異 46
第三節 中風復原期病人之自我效能與復原力的相關 49
第四節 中風復原期病人之社會支持與復原力的相關 49
第五節 預測中風復原期病人復原力之影響因子 52
第五章 討論 56
第一節 研究對象人口學變項、自我效能、社會支持及復原力之分佈 56
第二節 研究對象人口學變項在復原力的差異 63
第三節 研究對象自我效能與復原力之關係 65
第四節 研究對象之社會支持與復原力之關係 67
第五節 研究對象復原力之影響因子 68
第六章 結論與建議 71
第一節 結論 71
第二節 建議 72
第三節 研究限制 74
參考文獻 76
中文部份 76
西文部份 90
附錄 98
附錄 一 人口學基本資料 98
附錄 二 腦中風自我效能量表使用授權書 99
附錄 三 腦中風自我效能量表 100
附錄 四 社會支持量表 102
附錄 五 社會支持量表使用授權同意書 103
附錄 六 復原力量表 104
附錄 七 復原力量表授權使用證明 105
附錄 八 人體試驗倫理委員會審查通過証明書 107
表目錄
表2-2- 1 自我效能相關研究 13
表2-2- 2 社會支持相關研究 18
表2-4- 1 中風病人之基本屬性相關研究 22
表2-4- 2 基本屬性與復原力相關研究 24
表2-4- 3 疾病特性與復原力相關研究 24
表2-4- 4自我效能、社會支持與復原力相關研究 26
表3-7- 1 研究工具之專家效度平均分數及CVI值 33
表3-7- 2 前驅測試階段研究工具內在一致性信度檢定值 34
表3-7- 3研究工具內在一致性信度檢定值 35
表3-9- 1 研究目的及統計分析分法 37
表4-1- 1 中風復原期病人基本人口學資料 40
表4-1- 2 中風復原期病人疾病特性 41
表4-1- 3 腦中風自我效能量表各題得分 42
表4-1- 4 中風復原期病人社會支持分佈 43
表4-1- 5 中風復原期病人之復原力得分情形 45
表4-1- 6 中風復原期病人復原力分佈 46
表4-2- 1 中風復原期病人基本人口學與復原力差異 47
表4-2- 2 中風復原期病人疾病特性與復原力差異 48
表4-2- 3 中風復原期病人之基本屬性、自我效能、社會支持與復原力的相關 51
表4-5- 1 基本屬性、自我效能、社會支持與整體復原力之多元迴歸分析 53
表4-5- 2 基本屬性、自我效能、社會支持與個人勝任能力之復原力多元迴歸分析 54
表4-5- 3 基本屬性、自我效能、社會支持和接納自我與生活之復原力多元迴歸分析 55
圖目錄
圖3- 1中風復原期病人復原力之相關因素研究架構 27
圖4-1 復原力常態Q-Q 圖 39
圖4-5 迴歸標準化殘差常態P-P圖 52









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駱俊宏(2012).臺灣有性經驗青少年性自我效能、性風險行為與復原力關係之研究-以醫護專校學生為例(未發表博士論文).高雄:樹德科技大學人類性學研究所。〔Lou, J.H .(2012). Sexual Self-Efficacy, Sexual Risk Behaviors, and Resilience of Sexually Experienced among Medicine and Nursing College Students in Taiwan (Unpublished doctoral’s thesis). Shu-Te University. Taiwan, ROC.]
戴秀好、林佩芬、林寬佳、張維琴(2006).年輕型中風患者壓力感受與因應行為之探討.榮總護理,23(2),127-135。[The Relationship between Stress Perceptions and Coping Behaviors among Young Stroke Patients]. doi:10.6142/vghn.23.2.127
謝美娥(2008).離婚女性單親家長復原力的初探.東吳社會工作學報,(18),1-33。[Resilient Experiences of Divorced Single Mothers].
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謝逸雯、陳星諭、楊建中(2012)∙中醫住院病房中腦中風病患需要緊急醫療服務的危險因素∙中醫藥雜誌,23(2),133-140。[The Risk Factors for Stroke Inpatients Need Emergency Medical Services in the Traditional Chinese Medicine Ward].
簡聖潔、姜逸群、葉國樑、黃雅文(2014).肺結核患者社會支持與生活品質的相關研究.健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌,(38),55-66。[Research of Correlation between Social Support and Quality of Life of Tuberculosis Patients].
闕昀珮、張東杰、林秀峰、游靜宜、鄭夙芬、康仲然、陳一豪(2011).口腔癌病患社會支持、憂鬱焦慮之探討與社會支持介入之影響.臺灣耳鼻喉頭頸外科雜誌,46(6),329-339。 [Impact of Social Support Serviceon the Anxiety and Depression of Oral Cavity Cancer Patients].
羅文苑(2004) .一位綜合高中學生反敗為勝的求學歷程之研究-探討其間的復原力(未發表的碩士論文).嘉義:國立中正大學教育研究所。[Lo, W. Y. (2004). A study of a comprehensive high school student turns defeat or adversity adversity into victory in his school career-understanding the resilience (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan, ROC.]
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