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研究生:鍾帛縑
論文名稱:探討消費者益生菌之認知與食用情形
論文名稱(外文):The Study of the Cognition and Consumption of Dietary Probiotic
指導教授:黃秀如黃秀如引用關係
口試委員:鄭秋玉 黃秀如 陳治宇
口試日期:2017-05-11
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中華科技大學
系所名稱:健康科技研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:益生菌
外文關鍵詞:Probiotics
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近年來大腸癌的罹病人數已受到全球關注,在台灣也連續七年蟬聯癌症發生人數的第一名,發生率高居世界第一。這都是因為現代人工作忙碌,飲食多偏油脂、太少纖維,且生活作息失調,運動量又少所導致。根據美國胃腸病學會(American College of Gastroenterology, ACG)於2014年所發表《慢性便秘與大腸癌的關係》研究,慢性便秘將使大腸直腸癌發生率提高1.78倍,前期良性腫瘤更提高2.7倍,可以說慢性便秘正是大腸癌的元凶。最近幾項研究顯示,益生菌能夠幫助預防大腸癌、肝癌以及膀胱癌的發生率。因為益生菌能抑制細胞癌變,因此具有抗腫瘤形成的效果。然而,想要緩解便秘還是必須從良好的飲食和生活習慣做起。本研究共發了400份問卷,去除填答不完整者共回收300份問卷。本研究分析結論如下:受訪者以女性居多佔216人(72%),教育程度為大學以上佔(53.7%),職業以服務業為主共118人(39.3%)。大多沒有運動習慣,且葷食者佔九成(92.7%),雖然沒有定期作身體健康檢查的人較多,但值得觀察的是有定期作健康檢查者,以每年一次佔最多,顯示國人對於自身的健康越來越重視。然而,有健檢習慣的受訪對象中,檢查結果具偏離值的以其他(33.9%)居多,其次為心臟血管,有20%,免疫系統有16.7%;顯示受訪者在其他方面偏離正常值,其中值得注意的是心血管疾病和免疫系統問題,的確是現代人所需迫切關注的問題。調查顯示大部分的消費者對於腸道保健認知常識不足,益生菌雖為近年內較被廣泛接受的營養保健食品,但使用者仍對該品知識一知半解,希望本研究可以提供相關建議供參考。
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the world, with nearly 1.4 million new cases diagnosed in 2012. The risk of colorectal cancer is increasing for every generation born since the 1950s, likely due to the complex relationship between colorectal cancer and obesity, an unhealthy diet, and lack of physical activity. The increasing number of colorectal cancer is becoming a cause of concern globally in recent years. In Taiwan, Colorectal cancer has became the 1st most common cancer and the ratio is top one all of the world. The reason why colorectal cancer happen is because of busy lifestyle, an unhealthy diet, and lack of physical activity. According to American College of Gastroenterology, ACG’s research in 2014, “Chronic Constipation Linked to Increased Risk of Colorectal Cancer”, the risk of developing CRC was 1.78 times higher for chronic constipation (CC) patients and the risk of developing benign neoplasms was 2.70 times higher. A number of recent investigations that reveal probiotics can help preventing the happening of colorectal cancer, hepatic cancer and bladder cancer. It is due to probiotics can suppressor cell’s carcinogenesis. However, constipation can be relieved and cured by healthy diet and happy lifestyle. 400 surverys were sent out in order to conduct this study. 300 surveys were receive. Results indicated that most of samples we received are female and are 216 pax with the ration of 72%. The educational background most of them are above college with the ratio of 53.7%. For their occupational background, mainly are from service industry and the total samples are 118 pax with the ration of 39.3%. Most of them don’t have regular physically activities. 92.7% are carnivore. Samples who usually conduct health check annually. It reveals that more and more Taiwanese concern about their health condition. However, among those who conduct health check, 33.9% reported abnormal value, 20% reported abnormal value in cardio system, 16.7% reported abnormal value in immue system. It is represented that diseases usually happen on cadio and immue system. Last but not least, it is obviously that most of consumers are lack of knowledge of probiotics even though probiotics has became most popular supplement during these years. This study hopes to provide related information and suggestions for consumers’ reference.
第一章 前言 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究假設 2
第三節 研究限制 2
第二章 文獻探討 3
第一節 消化系統及其運作方式 3
第二節 腸道細菌與健康 5
第三節 認識大腸直腸癌 11
第四節 認識便秘 12
第三章 研究方法 20
第一節 研究對象 20
第二節 研究工具 20
第三節 研究步驟 20
第四章研究結果 21
第一節基本資料分析 21
第二節 益生菌食用與健康 27
第三節腸道保健認知 41
第四節不同變項之保健與腸道認知差異分析 45
第五節各變項與腸胃道認知分析 46
第五章 結果與討論 50
第一節 主要結果 50
第二節 問題探討 51
第六章 結論與建議 52
參考文獻 54
附 錄 58

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