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研究生:陳郁雅
研究生(外文):Chen Yu-Ya
論文名稱:針對關於自然環境如何影響人們福祉的關鍵評估
論文名稱(外文):A critical evaluation of how the natural settings influence people's well-being
指導教授:張麗蓉張麗蓉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang Lizone
口試委員:張翊峰王怡潔李志賢
口試委員(外文):Chang, Yih-FengWang Yi-ChiehLee, Chih-Sheng
口試日期:2017-06-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:嘉南藥理大學
系所名稱:觀光事業管理系
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:個人福祉幸福感自然環境溫泉
外文關鍵詞:well-beinghappinessnatural settingsnostalgiaScandinavian educationhot spring
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背景:在過去的幾年裡,台灣發生了許多起社會事件,例如台北捷運攻擊事件、一名4歲女童被斬首事件,導致人們引發討論並質疑這些社會事件之起因。導致這種事件發生的因素被廣泛歸咎於與人的福祉有關,更有些人認為兩者是有很強的關聯性的。

理由:這項研究的理由是支持“自然環境可以改善人們的福祉”這項論據,希望協助台灣的溫泉/溫泉酒店業主發展更好的營銷策略,吸引選擇溫泉地區作為健康的用戶和健康旅遊目的地。

目標:本研究旨為: 辨認所有關於自然環境對於個人福祉有影響之因素、探討現有有關人類福祉和所有相關之文獻資料;支持關於人們在自然環境中花時間的看法的論點,以及自然環境對於幸福發展的影響;形成營銷策略,為台灣溫泉酒店業主吸引更多用戶。

方法:本研究首先系統性地回顧了有關人們福祉,幸福及其與自然環境的聯繫的現有文獻。然後進行定性研究,以支持“自然環境對人的福祉有益”的論證。

結果:全天候在自然環境中度過長時間的孩子表現出更高的主觀,身體和情感健康水平。儘管有了實質的改善,但在自然空間中也對於不僅僅是成長,更是對於心理發展有所幫助。
Background: Several social incidents took place in Taiwan such as Taipei Metro Attack and the case of a 4-year-old girl being beheaded have led to people debating and questioning the cause of such tragic events. A wide range of factors have been blamed to have led to such incidents, mainly to do with people’s well-being, some believe that there is a strong connection between.

Rationale: The rationale of this research is to support the argument that ‘natural settings can improve people’s well-being’ and hopefully to assist the hot spring hotel owners in Taiwan to form better marketing strategies to attract users who choose hot spring regions as a health and wellness tourism destination.

Objectives: This research seeks to: - identify key findings related to the influences that natural environments have on different aspects of people’s well-being; critically review the available existing literature on human well-being and relevant subjects; support the arguments about people’s perception of spending time in natural settings and whether it has influences concerning their well-being development; form marketing strategies to attract more users for hot spring hotel owners in Taiwan.

Methods: This research first systematically reviews the existing literature on people’s well-being, happiness, and their connection to natural settings. Then a qualitative research was conducted for the purpose of supporting’ the argument of ‘natural settings can have beneficial effect on people’s well-being’.

Findings: Children who spend long hours in natural settings throughout the day show to have a higher level of subjective, physical and emotional well-being. Despite the physical improvements, being in natural spaces does seem to help.
CHAPTER 1 Introduction
1.1 Backgrounds of this research
1.2 Research problems
1.3 Research Rationale
1.4 Objectives of this research

CHAPTER 2 Literature Review
2.1 Definition of Well-Being
2.1.1 Summer’s Definition of Well-being
2.2 Elements of happiness
2.2.3 Scales of Well-Being and Happiness
2.2.4 Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ)
2.2.5 The Wellness Scale
2.3 Influences on Well-being and Happiness
2.4 Ecosystem and Environments
2.5 Nostalgia and Reminiscence
2.6 Education System
2.7 Hot Spring Industry in Taiwan

CHAPTER 3 Conceptual Framework
3.1 Design for well-being
3.1.1 Experiencing positive affect- Design for pleasure
3.1.2 Pursuing personal goals- Design for personal significance
3.1.3 Being a morally good person- Design for virtue

CHAPTER 4 Qualitative Study
4.1 Qualitative Research and the Interview Questions
4.2 Analysis of the results from the interviews
4.3 Results of Qualitative Study

CHAPTER 5 Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1 Summary
5.2 Conclusion
5.3 Implications for health and wellness tourism destinations

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