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研究生:周彥慈
研究生(外文):Yen-Tzu Chou
論文名稱:復原期燒傷病患之身體心像、自尊與社交焦慮
論文名稱(外文):Body image, self-esteem and social anxietyamong burn patient''s in recovery stage
指導教授:蔡麗雅蔡麗雅引用關係李淑杏李淑杏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Ya TsaiShu-Hsin Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中山醫學大學
系所名稱:護理學系碩士班
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:燒傷病患身體心像自尊社交焦慮
外文關鍵詞:Burn patientBody imageSelf-esteemSocial anxiety
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燒傷是種常見創傷且各年齡層均可能發生,復原期燒傷病患生理面臨疼痛、感染、疤痕攣縮、肢體活動受限、排汗困難且對熱敏感以及外觀改變等問題,生理變化會對心理與社交產生衝擊和壓力,導致身體心像紊亂、低自尊及社交焦慮,影響求學、就業、社交活動與人際關係。本研究旨在探討復原期燒傷病患之身體心像、自尊與社交焦慮,及其影響因子,以橫斷式研究設計,於中部三間醫院進行收案,採立意取樣法與問卷調查方式收集資料,研究工具包含:身體心像量表、自尊量表與社交焦慮量表。研究共收案87位,結果顯示身體心像總分19.91分(SD=8.78),平均1.99分,略偏負向;自尊量表總分28.48分(SD=5.77),平均2.85分,傾向正向;社交焦慮量表總分149.43分(SD=17.14),平均2.58分,偏焦慮。身體心像量表中以『婚姻』、『宗教信仰』、『燒傷後工作情形』、『燒傷深度』、『燒傷總面積』、『關節活動受限情形』、『燒傷意外至今總天數』等變項與身體心像具顯著差異;自尊量表中以『婚姻』、『宗教信仰』、『燒傷深度』、『關節活動受限情形』、『燒傷意外至今總天數』等變項與自尊具顯著差異;社交焦慮量表中以『婚姻』、『宗教信仰』、『燒傷深度』、『燒傷面積』、『關節活動受限情形』、『燒傷意外至今總天數』等變項與社交焦慮具顯著差異。復原期燒傷病患之身體心像與自尊呈現顯著中度正相關性,身體心像與社交焦慮呈現高度負相關性,顯示身體心像越負向,自尊評價越差,社交焦慮程度也越高;而自尊與社交焦慮呈現顯著高度負相關,顯示自尊越差,社交焦慮程度也越高。社交焦慮之迴歸分析中,可解釋變異量為68.9%,達統計上顯著差異,社交焦慮預測因子包含:『女性』、『自尊』、『身體心像』及『燒傷意外至今總天數』,建議未來照護復原期燒傷病患,應協助強化其優點與自信,增強自尊,協助因應身體心像調適,尤其關注女性與燒傷意外歷經天數較多之族群,協助社交調適,減少社交焦慮。
Burn injury is an usual trauma wound, and it could be happened in all ages. The burn patients in recovery will face physiological problems such as pain, infection, and scar contraction, limited range of movement, impaired sweating function, impaired heat sensitivity, and appearance change. The physiological change will have significant impact on patient''s psychological and social status. It will cause body-image disturbance, low self-esteem and social-anxiety, which will affect patient''s study, work, social activity and relationships. The research is going to study body-image, self-esteem and social anxiety of burn patients under recovery period, this was a cross-sectional, purpose designed study. Data were collected by using a structured, self-reported questionnaires includes: body-image scale, self-esteem scale and social anxiety scale. A total of 87 burn patients at three hospitals in Taichung completed participated in this study.
The results of this study indicated that the total of body-image scale was 19.91(SD=8.78), average of 1.99, showing a negative body-image; of self-esteem was 28.48(SD= 5.77), average of 2.85 showing a positive self-esteem; of social anxiety scale was 149.43(SD= 17.14), average of 2.58, more lean to anxiety. In body-image scale, marriage, religious belief, work performance after burn injury, degree of burn, burn surface area, limitation of range of motion in joint, and total hospitalization day showed a significant difference. In self-esteem scale, marriage, religious belief, degree of burn, limitation of range of motion in joint, and total hospitalization day showed a significant difference. In social anxiety scale, marriage, religious belief, degree of burn, burn surface area, limitation of range of motion in joint, and total hospitalization day showed a significant difference. There was a significant moderate positive correlation of body image with self-esteem among burn patient during recovery stage, and there was a high negative correlation of body image with social anxiety, which mean showed that the body image was more negative, the self-esteem was poorer, and more social anxiety. In the social anxiety regression analysis, the variance was 68.9% and the F value was 15.085, which was statistically significant. The predictors of social anxiety included: "gender _ female", "self-esteem score", and "Body image score "and "days elapsed since burn". It is recommended that future care patients among burn in recovery stage, should help strengthen their advantages and self-confidence, strengthen self-esteem and assist in adapting to body image, much concern should be given to female and those who have stayed in hospital for quite a period of time, in respect to social adjustment and reducing social anxiety.
中文摘要............................................................I
英文摘要...........................................................
目次...............................................................Ⅴ
第一章緒論..........................................................1
第一節研究動機與重要性..............................................1
第二節研究目的......................................................4
第三節研究問題......................................................5
第四節研究假設......................................................6
第五節名詞界定......................................................7
第二章文獻查證......................................................9
第一節復原期燒傷病患其燒傷特性與身、心、社會問題....................9
第二節復原期燒傷病患之身體心像與相關因素...........................14
第三節復原期燒傷病患之自尊與相關因素...............................19
第四節復原期燒傷病患之社交焦慮與相關因素...........................23
第三章研究架構.....................................................28
第四章研究方法.....................................................29
第一節研究設計.....................................................29
第二節研究對象與場所...............................................29
第三節研究工具.....................................................30
第四節研究工具之信效度.............................................34
第五節收案流程.....................................................35
第六節研究對象之權益與倫理考量.....................................36
第七節資料處理與分析...............................................37
第五章研究結果.....................................................38
第一節復原期燒傷病患之基本屬性與燒傷特性...........................38
第二節復原期燒傷病患之身體心像現況.................................42
第三節復原期燒傷病患之自尊現況.....................................44
第四節復原期燒傷病患之社交焦慮現況.................................46
第五節基本屬性與燒傷特性對身體心像、自尊與社交焦慮的影響與相關性...52
第六節身體心像、自尊與社交焦慮之相關性分析.........................62
第七節預測復原期燒傷病患社交焦慮之迴歸分析.........................64
第六章討論.........................................................67
第一節復原期燒傷病患基本屬性、燒傷特性與身體心像之影響與關係性.....67
第二節復原期燒傷病患基本屬性、燒傷特性與自尊之影響與關係性.........69
第三節復原期燒傷病患基本屬性、燒傷特性與社交焦慮之影響與關係性.....71
第四節復原期燒傷病患身體心像、自尊、社交焦慮之相關性探討...........73
第五節復原期燒傷病患之社交焦慮重要預測因子.........................74
第七章結論與建議...................................................76
第一節結論.........................................................76
第二節研究建議.....................................................79
第三節研究限制.....................................................81
第四節研究貢獻.....................................................81
參考文獻...........................................................83
中文參考文獻.......................................................83
英文參考文獻.......................................................87
附錄...............................................................95
一、專家效度名單...................................................95
二、身體心像量表、自尊量表、社交焦慮量表專家效度...................96
三、研究工具使用同意書............................................104
四、人體試驗同意書................................................106
五、研究問卷......................................................108
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