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研究生:郭建佑
研究生(外文):KUO, CHIEN-YU
論文名稱:比較軀幹及下肢肌群於自由重量與史密斯機分腿蹲之肌電差異
論文名稱(外文):A Comparison of Free Weight Split Squat to Smith Machine Split Squat Using Electromyography.
指導教授:顏克典顏克典引用關係
指導教授(外文):YAN, KE-DIAN
口試委員:涂瑞洪顏克典劉文禎
口試委員(外文):TU, TUI-HUNYAN, KE-DIANLIOU, WUN-JHEN
口試日期:2017-07-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:正修科技大學
系所名稱:休閒與運動管理所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:62
中文關鍵詞:單側訓練機械式肌電圖
外文關鍵詞:Unilateral trainingWeight MachineEMG
相關次數:
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背景資料:自由重量與機械式是最常被應用在計畫上的阻力訓練方式,兩種模式比較之方式多以雙邊訓練為主。單側訓練動作分腿蹲被研究證實其訓練效益與深蹲無顯著差異。研究目的:探討單側訓練之動作分腿蹲,於自由重量及史密斯機上操作時,軀幹及下肢肌群之肌電活化。研究方法:12名平均年齡23歲之男性,有一年以上之阻力訓練經驗,且深蹲達1.5倍自身體重。以肌電圖比較軀幹及下肢肌群在兩種不同動作模式之肌電活化特徵。結果:一、自由重量的豎脊肌、臀大肌、脛前肌、腓腸肌之肌電活化皆大於史密斯機(p<.05),股外側肌、股內側肌則相反(p <.001)。二、自由重量除了腓腸肌以外,其他肌群恢復階段中皆顯著大於下蹲階段(p <.05)。三、史密斯機除了脛前肌、腓腸肌以外,恢復階段中皆顯著大於下蹲階段(p <.05)。四、自由重量與史密斯機於下蹲階段之肌電活化與總體來說並無太大差異。五、自由重量與史密斯機於恢復階段之肌電活化與總體以及下蹲階段之差別,在於豎脊肌之肌電差異不顯著(P>.05)。結論:自由重量分腿蹲於軀幹穩定肌群及下肢穩定肌群有較高之肌電活化,史密斯機分腿蹲則是在下肢驅動肌群之股外側肌、股內側肌有較高之肌電活化。
Background: Free weight and mechanical types are must popular resistance training program. Many studies indicate that unilateral and bilateral training program are equally effective for improvement of muscle strength and exercise performance . Purposes: Twelve well training men performed 1 set of 8 RM (using a weight they could lift 8 times, i.e., 8 repetition maximum) for each of the free weight squat and Smith machine split squat, and compare trunk and lower extremity muscle activation during different types split squat. Result: Electromyographic activity was significantly higher in the erector spinae, gluteus maximus, tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius, during the free weight split squat compared to the Smith machine split squat (p<.05). Smith machine split squat have higher EMG activity in vastus lateralis and vastus medialis (p <.001). Both types of split squat have higher EMG responses in concentric phase. Conclusion: EMG activity of the trunk and lower extremity stabilizers (erector spinae / tibialis anterior, gastrocnemius) to be greater during the free weight split squat, however, EMG activity of lower extremity movers ( vastus lateralis, vastus medialis ) was highest during the Smith machine split squat.
口試委員審定書
論文授權書 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
謝誌 iv
目次 v
圖次 ix
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第三節 研究問題 4
第四節 研究假設 4
第五節 研究範圍及限制 4
第六節 名詞操作性定義 5
第貳章 文獻探討 8
第一節 自由重量之特性 8
第二節 機械式器材與史密斯機之特性 9
第三節 單側訓練之特性 14
第四節 自由重量與史密斯機之肌電探討 16
第五節 總結 17
第參章 研究方法 19
第一節 研究對象 19
第三節 實驗時間與地點 22
第四節 實驗器材 22
第五節 實驗流程 26
第六節 檢測項目及實施辦法 27
第七節 動作訓練之內容與操作方式 31
第八節 資訊處理與分析 36
第肆章 結果與討論 37
第一節 自由重量與史密斯機分腿蹲之肌電圖比較 37
第二節 自由重量分腿蹲於下蹲階段與恢復階段之肌電比較 39
第三節 史密斯機分腿蹲於下蹲階段與恢復階段之肌電比較 41
第四節 自由重量與史密斯機分腿蹲於下蹲階段之肌電比較 43
第五節 自由重量與史密斯機分腿蹲於恢復階段之肌電比較 44
第伍章 結論與建議 46
第一節 結論 46
第二節 建議 47
參考文獻 48
附錄 54
附錄一 受試者須知 54
附錄二 健康問卷調查表 56
附錄三 受試者同意書 59
附錄四 實驗記錄 60
表2- 1 自由重量阻力訓練之優缺點 8
表2- 2 機械式阻力訓練器材 10
表2- 3 機械式器材之優缺點 11
表3- 1 受試者基本資料表 19
表3- 2肌電訊號擷取系統 23
表3- 3 攝影機 24
表3- 4 最大自主收縮(MVC)檢測方式 29
表3- 5 訓練輔具 32
表3- 6 指導要點 35
表4- 1 自由重量分腿蹲與史密斯機分腿蹲之肌電差異 37
表4- 2 自由重量分腿蹲於下蹲階段與恢復階段之肌電差異 39
表4- 3 史密斯機分腿蹲於下蹲階段與恢復階段之肌電差異 41
表4- 4 自由重量與史密斯機分腿蹲於下蹲階段之肌電差異 42
表4- 5 自由重量與史密斯機分腿蹲於恢復階段之肌電差異 43

圖3- 1 研究架構圖 20
圖3- 2 實驗流程圖 25
圖3- 3 受測肌群位置 27
圖3- 4 自由重量與史密斯機分腿蹲之動作圖 30
圖3- 5 正修科技大學休閒與運動管理系體適能中心 32
圖3- 6 訊號接收圖 33


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