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研究生:李美琳
研究生(外文):CARROLINE AYUNINDYA ISMAWARTI
論文名稱(外文):Triple Bottom Line Towards Achieve Compliance with United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals – Case Study in Indonesia
指導教授(外文):GIDEON LOEWY
口試委員(外文):I HANCHIEH YING CHEN
口試日期:31 May 2017
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:國際經營管理碩士學位學程
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:52
外文關鍵詞:Triple Bottom LineTBLSustainable DevelopmentIndonesiaSustainability
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With the continual expansion of the global population, demand for goods and services has risen logarithmically. With this in mind, it is necessary for leaders to weigh the needs of today against those of the future generations. Sustainable development is a concept designed to achieve the fulfillment of both short-term and long-term demand requirements. The United Nations (UN) has launched 17 goals of sustainable development with the intent of transforming the world. And sustainable development is one of big challenge in this time. Triple Bottom Line (TBL) is a concept comprised of three factors (economic, social, and environment) which same aimed at sustainable development. TBL can answer the challenge of sustainable development by executing TBL approaches. Case studies of two Multinational Enterprises (MNE) in Indonesia which have applied TBL theory will be analyzed for lessons which can be applied to other business. The research will provide an effective TBL framework for other business in Indonesia as the application of the concept represents the tremendous potential to enhance the sustainable capabilities of Indonesian commerce.

Keywords: Triple Bottom Line, TBL, Sustainable Development, Indonesia, Sustainability.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 1
1.1. Research Motivation 2
1.2. Research Objective 3
CHAPTER 2 4
2.1 Sustainable Development 4
2.2 Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) 5
2.3 Triple Bottom Line (TBL) 7
Economic Line 7
Social Line 7
Environmental Line 8
CHAPTER 3 9
3.1 Research Methodology 9
3.2 Research Design 9
CHAPTER 4 11
4.1 Nestlé Background 11
4.2 Creating Shared Value (CSV) of Nestlé in Indonesia 12
4.2.1 Economic 13
4.2.2 Social 15
4.2.3 Environment 16
4.2.4 Learning from Nestlé Indonesia 18
4.2 PT Semen Padang Background 20
4.2.1. Economic 21
4.2.2 Social 22
4.2.3 Environment 23
4.2.4 Learning from PT. Semen Padang 24
4.3 Summary of TBL (Triple Bottom Line) Activities from Nestle Indonesia and Semen Padang Company 27
4.4 Framework of TBL for Other business 29
CHAPTER 5 30
5.1 Limitations 31
5.2 Future Research 31
5.3 Recommendations 32
6 References 33
Appendix 1 38
7.1 Nestle Additional Data 38
7.2 Learning from Nestlé Indonesia 40
Appendix 2 43
8.1 Semen Padang Additional Data 43


List of Figures
Figure 1 Sustainability framework 4
Figure 2 Pyramid of CSR (Caroll,1996) 6
Figure 3 Research Framework 10
Figure 4 Process of CSV Nestlé Indonesia ( (Nestlé, 2013) 12
Figure 5 Principles to conduct sustainability report (Semen Padang,2015) 20
Figure 6 TBL Framework for business in Indonesia 29

List of Tables
Table 1. 17 Goals of Sustainable Development (United Nations,2016) 2
Table 2 Learning from Nestlé Indonesia 18
Table 3 Learning from PT. Semen Padang 24
Table 4 Summary Activities from Nestlé Indonesia and PT. Semen Padang 27
Table 5 History time of Nestlé 38
Table 6 Timeline of Nestlé's presence in Indonesia 40

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