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研究生:劉子豪
研究生(外文):LIU, TZU-HAO
論文名稱:怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向與行為的中介歷程檢驗
論文名稱(外文):An Examination of the Mediating effect on the influence of the Fear of Being Laughed at on Challenge-Confronting Tendencies and Performances
指導教授:黃博聖黃博聖引用關係
指導教授(外文):HUANG, PO-SHENG
口試委員:黃軍義劉政宏黃博聖
口試委員(外文):HUANG, JIUN-YIHLIU, CHENG-HONGHUANG, PO-SHENG
口試日期:2017-07-05
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:玄奘大學
系所名稱:應用心理學系碩士在職專班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:怕被笑迎接挑戰威脅情緒能力知覺怕失敗
外文關鍵詞:The fear of being laughed atChallenge-confrontingThreatening feelingAwareness of self-abilityFear of failureGelotophobia
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過去研究發現怕被笑的特質,會對學生的迎接挑戰傾向產生負向的影響。本研究主要目的在於釐清怕被笑與迎接挑戰傾向和行為的關係,並進一步檢驗怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向和行為的中介機制,以威脅情緒、能力知覺與怕失敗為中介變項。本研究以125名國中生為研究對象,採用問卷調查法,第一週先測量學生的怕被笑程度;第二週測量學生的威脅情緒、能力知覺、怕失敗及迎接挑戰傾向,最後再讓參與者接受一份頓悟創造作業的施測,作為迎接挑戰行為之測量。研究結果顯示,首先,學生的怕被笑程度確實對迎接挑戰傾向產生負向影響,亦即學生越怕被笑,其迎接挑戰傾向越低;但怕被笑對迎接挑戰行為則不具有影響效果,也就是說怕被笑與迎接挑戰行為並沒有直接的關係存在。其次,研究結果發現威脅情緒於怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向具有完全中介效果;能力知覺於怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向也具有完全中介效果;而怕失敗於怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向則沒有中介效果。而後,因本研究發現怕被笑對迎接挑戰行為本身並不具有影響效果,故亦難去探討其中介效果為何。最後,本研究針對研究結果的意涵進行討論,並提出一些實務與未來研究之建議。
The past studies found that the characteristic of the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia) would have a negative impact on student’s challenge- confronting tendencies. The main purpose of this research is to clarify the relationship between the fear of being laughed at and challenge-confronting tendencies and behaviors, and to further examine the mediating mechanism of the fear of being laughed to challenge-confronting tendencies and behaviors by using threatening feeling, self-awareness of insight ability and fear of failure as mediator variables. The research uses the questionnaire survey procedure and 125 students were selected as the research subjects. The first week was used to measure the degree of the fear of being laughed at of the students and the next week measured the students' threatening feeling, self-awareness of insight ability, fear of failure and challenge-confronting tendencies. Then the participants took a test of the insight-creativity task as a measurement of the challenge-confronting performances. First of all, The results showed that the fear of being laughed at does have a negative influence on challenge-confronting tendencies of students, but it doesn’t have an effect on challenge-confronting performances. That is to say, there is no direct relationship between fear of being laughed at and challenge-confronting performances. Second, the results of the study found that the threatening feeling has a completely mediating effect on the influence of the fear of being laughed at on challenge-confronting tendencies and self-awareness of insight ability has a completely mediating effect on the influence of the fear of being laughed at on challenge-confronting tendencies, too; however, fear of failure has no mediating effect on the influence of the fear of being laughed at on challenge-confronting tendencies. Hence, this study found that fear of being laughed at to the challenge-confronting behaviors itself does not have the reciable effect, so it is also difficult to explore its mediating effect. Finally, this study discusses the implications of the results and provides some practical advices and recommendations for future research.
目錄
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………..1
第一節 研究動機…………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的與問題…………………………………………5
第二章 文獻探討……………………………………………………..9
第一節 迎接挑戰傾向與行為的界定……………………………9
第二節 怕被笑之界定與相關研究………………………………13
第三節 怕被笑對迎接挑戰之影響與可能中介歷程……………17
第四節 總結………………………………………………………31
第三章 研究方法……………………………………………………..33
第一節 研究對象…………………………………………………35
第二節 研究工具………………………………………………....36
第三節 研究程序…………………………………………………42
第四節 資料分析…………………………………………………45
第四章 研究結果……………………………………………………..47
第一節 相關分析…………………………………………………47
第二節 中介歷程檢驗……………………………………………49
一、威脅情緒於怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向的中介歷程檢驗…….49
二、威脅情緒於怕被笑對迎接挑戰行為的中介歷程檢驗…….50
三、能力知覺於怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向中介歷程檢驗……….51
四、能力知覺於怕被笑對迎接挑戰行為中介歷程檢驗……….52
五、怕失敗於怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向的中介歷程檢驗……….53
六、怕失敗於怕被笑對迎接挑戰行為的中介歷程檢驗……….54
第三節 徑路分析…………………………………………………56
第五章 綜合討論……………………………………………………..59
第一節 研究結果的意涵………………………………………....59
第二節 研究貢獻與未來建議……………………………………69
參考文獻………………………………………………………………74
中文文獻…………………………………………………………..74
英文文獻…………………………………………………………..74
附錄一:生活態度調查表……………………………………………80
附錄二:頓悟創造作業施測說明暨中學生問卷……………………82
附錄三:頓悟創造作業練習題本……………………………………84

表目錄
表1 研究正式樣本人數分布…………………………………………35
表2 怕被笑、威脅情緒、能力知覺、怕失敗、迎接挑戰的傾向、迎接挑戰的行為之描述統計與相關摘要表………………….......48
表3 怕被笑與威脅情緒對迎接挑戰傾向迴歸分析…………………50
表4 怕被笑與能力知覺對迎接挑戰傾向迴歸分析…………………52
表5 怕被笑與怕失敗對迎接挑戰傾向迴歸分析……………………54

圖目錄
圖1 研究架構圖………………………………………………………..33
圖2 威脅情緒在怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向之中介效果圖……………..50
圖3 能力知覺在怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向之中介效果圖……………..52
圖4 害怕失敗在怕被笑對迎接挑戰傾向之中介效果圖……………..54
圖5 徑路分析模式圖…………………………………………………..57


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