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研究生:顏章晉
研究生(外文):YEN, CHANG-CHIN
論文名稱:台中與嘉義地區寺廟 中 PM2.5 及 PAHS 濃 度之探討
論文名稱(外文):Study of PM2.5 and PAHs Concentration at Taichung and Chiayi temples
指導教授:吳玉琛吳玉琛引用關係
指導教授(外文):WU, YUH-SHEN
口試委員:方國權何澤宗
口試委員(外文):FANG, GOUR-CHENGHO, TSE-TSUNG
口試日期:2017-06-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:弘光科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:134
中文關鍵詞:PM2.5PAHs微波萃取GC/MS寺廟特徵比值
外文關鍵詞:PM2.5PAHsmicrowave-assisted extractionGC/MStemplecharacteristic ratio
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宗教信仰是心靈寄託地方,在幾百年前,佛、道教從大陸大量移入臺灣,以至於台灣65%是佛教與道教為最大佔比;然而近幾年來空氣中PM2.5污染問題受到廣大民眾所重視。本研究針對台中及嘉義地區不同類型(市集及住宅區)之室內採集一年四季進行PM2.5及PAHs濃度分析探討,藉由了解不同地區或不同類型懸浮微粒及PAHs濃度情況。
本研究利用個人環境採樣器(Personal Environmental Monitor ,PEM)進行空氣採樣,在兩種不同寺廟周遭生活形式之地區分別為市集(A地點台中沙鹿與C地點台中潭子)及住宅區(B地點台中梧棲與D地點嘉義市西區)進行8小時採樣,採樣時間在中華民國104年11月-105年10月採集PM2.5樣本,以微波萃取(microwave-assisted extraction)進行前處理使用GC/MS分析樣品二十二種PAHs之濃度,依照PAHs組成特徵比例推估其污染來源。
在研究結果顯示四季又以夏季D地點PM2.5平均微粒濃度為最高658.6µg/m3,而以冬季C地點PM2.5平均微粒濃度為最低144.4µg/m3,在各地區PM2.5樣本Σ22PAHs平均濃度以夏季明顯高於其他季節,夏季以A地點>C地點>B地點>D地點;結果得知四間寺廟都以四、五及六環為主,以高苯環為最顯著;PM2.5樣本Σ22PAHs在四季特徵比顯示,在A、B、C、D地點最主要特徵比都以高溫源(燃燒)及草木及煤燃燒。在本研究數據顯示,可發現寺廟室內不會因四季變化及市集與住宅區而有所顯著變化,而會隨著各寺廟的信徒人數、慶典及活動多少影響,建議在進入寺廟室內停留時間盡量減短,可減低吸入PM2.5及PAHs含量。

Religious relief refers to a place of spiritual sustenance. Hundreds of years ago, Buddhism and Taoism moved from mainland China to Taiwan, so Buddhism and Taoism account for the maximum proportion (65%) in Taiwan. However, in recent years, people attach increasing importance to PM2.5 pollution problem in the air. This research collected the PM2.5 and PAHs in 4 seasons in different types (fair and residential area) of indoor spaces in Taichung and Chiayi and analyzed and discussed the concentration, so as to understand different kinds of particulate matters and their PAHs concentration in different regions.
This research used Personal Environmental Monitor (PEM) to conduct air sampling. 8-hour sampling was conducted in two different living areas, respectively fair (A place: Soalak, Taichung; C place: Tamzu, Taichung) and residence area (B place: Gozhe, Taichung; D place: western region, Chiayi City) near the temple to collect PM2.5 samples in the sampling period from November, 2015 to October, 2016. Microwave-assisted extraction was adopted to carry out pretreatment and GC/MS was used to analyze the PAHs concentration of 22 kinds of samples, and then their source of pollution is estimated according to compositional characteristic ratio of PAHs.
According to the research results, the average concentration of PM2.5 in D place is the highest (658.6µg/m3) in summer, while the average concentration of PM2.5 in C place is the lowest (144.4µg/m3) in winter. In various regions, the average concentration of PM2.5 sample Σ22PAHs is higher in summer than in other seasons, and in summer, the sequence from top to bottom is A place >C place >B place >D place. The results show that most of them are 4, 5 and 6 rings in the 4 temples, among which the high benzene ring is the most significant. According to the characteristic ratio of PM2.5 sample Σ22PAHs in 4 seasons, the main characteristic in 4 places is high temperature source (burning), vegetation and coal burning. The research results showed that the indoor concentration does not vary significantly with the seasons and regions (fair or residential area), and it is affected by the quantity of believers, celebrations and activities in various temples. It is suggested to reduce the duration of stay in the temple as much as possible, so as to lower the suction volume of PM2.5 and PAHs.

致謝 I
摘要 III
Abstract IV
目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 X
第一章 前言 1
1-1 研究起源 1
1-2研究目的 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2-1 懸浮微粒 3
2-2多環芳香烴(PAHs)起源與結構特性 4
2-3 PAHs之形成機制 9
2-4 PAHs之來源 10
2-5 PAHs之危害特性 12
2-6 溶劑萃取及採樣方法 20
第三章研究方法 23
3-1採樣規劃 28
3-1-1 採樣點之選擇 28
3-2 實驗步驟及設備 34
3-2-1 材料與設備 34
3-2-2 樣品前處理方法 35
3-2-3 儀器設備 39
3-2-4 分析操作條件 43
3-3品質控制與保證(Quality Assurance and Quality Control) 45
3-3-1採樣流量之校正 47
3-3-2檢量線建立(Standard Calibration Curve) 47
3-3-3方法偵測極限(Method Detection Limit,MDL) 60
3-3-4空白分析(Blank Test) 62
3-3-5重複分析(Duplucate) 62
3-3-6標準品添加 63
第四章 結果與討論 66
4-1 PM2.5微粒之季節分布濃度 66
4-2 Σ22PAHs濃度季節及空間分布 74
4-3 PAHs季節及空間之指標成份比較 81
4-4 PAHs特徵比 104
第五章 結論 114
參考文獻 116

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