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研究生:郭詠芃
研究生(外文):KUO, YUNG-PENG
論文名稱:後設情緒如何影響用心能力 -以自我強度為調節變項
論文名稱(外文):How Does Meta-Emotion Affect Mindfulness The Moderating Effect Of Sense Of Self.
指導教授:鄭夙珍鄭夙珍引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHENG, SHU-CHEN
口試委員:蔡素妙張思嘉
口試委員(外文):TSAI, SU-MIAOCHANG, SZU-CHIA
口試日期:2016-06-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:銘傳大學
系所名稱:諮商與工商心理學系碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:後設情緒用心能力自我強度
外文關鍵詞:meta-emotionmindfulnesssense of self
相關次數:
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本研究主要探討後設情緒、用心能力以及自我強度三者的關係,以了解各個變項是否具有相關性,並檢驗自我強度在後設情緒與用心能力是否具有調節效果。過去研究顯示,情緒常伴隨壓力一同出現對生活與健康造成影響,而個人的內在能力將成為制衡壓力、處理情緒與解決問題的關鍵。近期研究發現,用心能力對個人的認知、情緒與生心理健康具有影響;然而,卻鮮少有研究探討情緒如何對用心能力形成影響,也少有人將後設情緒、用心能力以及自我強度等三項內在能力,放諸同一架構中探討變項之間的關聯性。因此,本研究目的在於:一、瞭解正向的後設情緒與用心能力之相關情形;二、瞭解負向的後設情緒與用心能力之相關情形;三、了解自我強度在正向的後設情緒與用心能力之調節情形;四、了解自我強度在負向的後設情緒與用心能力之調節情形。本研究採取問卷調查法,以「後設情緒量表」、「Langer社會認知用心量表」與「自我強度量表」作為研究工具,對一般個體進行取樣,共計回收286份有效問卷。所得資料進行描述性統計、皮爾森積差相關、迴歸分析以及迴歸之交互作用,對主要變項和研究假設進行考驗。本研究結果發現如下:一、後設情緒與用心能力之相關方面,同情關愛的後設情緒以及興趣的後設情緒與用心能力具有正向的相關;憤怒的後設情緒、輕蔑/虛假的後設情緒、抑制的後設情緒,皆與用心能力具有負向的相關;控制的後設情緒與用心能力未具有相關。二、自我強度對後設情緒與用心能力之調節效果,同情關愛的後設情緒、憤怒的後設情緒和抑制的後設情緒與用心能力,分別具有強化、強化和弱化的調節效果。綜合以上研究結果發現,自我強度高者不但能夠增進正向情緒對個人之助益,更能抵抗負面情緒對個人之影響,而這在調節壓力與情緒結果的促進上,可致力於用心能力與自我強度之培養與深化。
The purpose of this research was to explore the relationship among meta-emotion, mindfulness and sense of self, and to understand the moderating effect of sense of self on the relationship between meta-emotion and mindfulness. The study adopted a method of questionnaire survey. Instruments used in this study were “Meta-Emotion Scale”, “Langer Socio-cognitive Mindfulness Scale” and “Sense of Self Scale”. The general college students were targeted as population. The study used convenience sampling, totally, 286 valid questionnaires were collected. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation, regression analysis and interaction regression. The main results were as follows: 1. There were significant positive correlation among compassionate care of meta-emotion, interest of meta-emotion and mindfulness; there were significant negative correlation among anger of meta-emotion, contempt/shame of meta-emotion, suppression of meta-emotion and mindfulness. 2. The moderating effect of sense of self on the relationship between meta-emotion and mindfulness that compassionate care of meta-emotion and anger of meta-emotion were intense the moderating effect; suppression of meta-emotion was weakening the moderating effect. Finally, the results were discussed and suggestions were proposed in many ways to the emotion and stress regulation and researchers for the future’s reference.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 名詞解釋 5
第二章 文獻探討 8
第一節 後設情緒 8
第二節 用心的能力 15
第三節 自我強度 22
第四節 研究問題與假設推導 32
第三章 研究方法 35
第一節 研究架構 35
第二節 研究問題與假設 35
第三節 研究對象與抽樣 36
第四節 研究程序 36
第五節 研究工具 39
第六節 資料處理與分析之步驟 44
第四章 研究結果 46
第一節 研究對象在各量表之表現 46
第二節 主要變項之相關分析 47
第三節 後設情緒與用心能力之迴歸分析 50
第四節 主要變項之迴歸的交互作用 51
第五節 其他研究 57
第五章 結論與建議 58
第一節 研究摘述 58
第二節 研究結果與討論 61
第三節 研究限制 64
第四節 實務建議 65
參考文獻 中文文獻 67
英文文獻 68
附錄 附件一 正式問卷 72
附件二 研究工具使用同意 77

表目錄
表1 自我強度的行為表徵 30
表2 樣本背景次數分配表 38
表3 後設情緒量表、Langer社會認知用心量表、自我強度量表之各分量表Cronbach’s alpha 43
表4 各量表之分量表的平均與標準差 47
表5 後設情緒、用心能力與自我強度之關 49
表6 後設情緒分量表與用心能力之線性迴歸 50
表7 後設情緒分量表、自我強度及用心能力之交互作用分析 54
表8 每日網路使用頻率與自我強度量表各分量表之相關矩陣 57
表9 假設與考驗結果 59

圖目錄
圖1 研究架構圖 35
圖2 憤怒分量表、自我強度與用心能力之單純率 56
圖3 同情關愛分量表、自我強度與用心能力之單純率 56
圖4 抑制分量表、自我強度與用心能力之單純率 57

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