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研究生:徐梵愷
研究生(外文):SYU, FAN-KAI
論文名稱:英語系實習生後設認知策略使用、自我效能及就業力之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on English Major Internship Students’ Metacognitive Strategy Use, Self-Efficacy, and Employability
指導教授:蘇旻洵蘇旻洵引用關係
指導教授(外文):SU, MIN-HSUN
口試委員:楊心怡杜佩純
口試委員(外文):YUNG, HSIN-IDUO, PEY-CHEWN
口試日期:2017-06-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:銘傳大學
系所名稱:應用英語學系碩士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2017
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:就業力實習後設認知策略自我效能
外文關鍵詞:employabilityinternship programmetacognitive strategiesself-efficacy
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近年來,國內企業日漸重視面試者的實習經驗。根據快樂人雜誌(2017)研究統計,近八成的企業表示在招募新鮮人時,除了學歷以外,企業實習經驗有助於提高錄取機率。過去,部分研究及學者提出實習經驗似乎會影響學生的後設認知、自我效能、就業力等;本研究旨於調查英語系大學實習生於實習工作期間的後設認知策略使用及其自我效能,實習後之就業能力,以及後設認知策略、自我效能、就業力三者間之相關性。以21位英語系實習生為研究對象,分別於實習前、後接受問卷訪問。問卷採用部分語言學習策略(SILL) (Oxford, 1990)的選項並改編為中文版職場後設認知策略量表,自我效能量表(GSE) (Sherer & Maddux, 1982)及實習生就業力量表(ISE) (教育部青年發展署,2006)。並採用SPSS套裝軟體進行統計資料分析,分析方法包含描述性統計、t檢定及皮爾遜相關分析(Pearson Product-moment correlation analysis)。其中的9位英語系實習生提供實習報告,研究者透過質性分析軟體(NVivo)進行進一步質化分析。根據研究結果,研究對象的後設認知策略使用與自我效能在實習前後皆為高度,研究對象較常採用的後設認知策略有安排與計畫策略(arranging and planning strategy)及分析目標策略(centering strategy);而在實習工作前、中、後都有著強烈的自我效能。研究結果亦發現實習並不會對實習生的後設認知策略使用及自我效能造成顯著差異。就業力方面,研究對象認為,在實習後,自身的就業能力為高度,在工作態度及合作能力(work attitude and cooperative ability)部分給予自己較高的評價,然而在專業知識運用能力(knowledge management and application)方面較沒有信心。整體而言,後設認知策略、自我效能及就業力三者之間呈現高度正相關。最後根據研究結果,本研究提供大專院校英語教師、課程設計者及學者建議及未來研究之觀點。
Every leader expects their soldiers be armed and ready to fight anytime; fairly, it would only make sense that employers and entrepreneurs expect their new employees show up on their first day of work with outstanding employability. In light of economic recession, enterprises are competing for experienced professionals as having such employees helps them save time and money on cultivating novice employees. Statistics showed that new graduates’ internship experience (72.6 %) being most emphasized among other elements by enterprises in Taiwan (Cheers, 2017). Previous researches perceived that internship experience may influence interns’ metacognition, self-efficacy and employability (Cheng, 2010; Li, 2010; Li, Pan, & Tsao, 2016). This study was aimed to investigate English major internship students’ metacognitive strategy use, self-efficacy, and employability transition during internship and how they correlate with each other. The study adapted Questionnaire of Metacognitive Strategy Use in Workplace, and Self-Efficacy Scale: General Self-Efficacy (Sherer & Maddux, 1982) and the Chinese version of Internship students’ employability (Youth Development Administration, 2006). The participants were 21 English major internship students at a university in northern Taiwan. The quantitative data were computed through descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and Paired t-test utilizing Statistic Package for the Social Science (SPSS) version 18.0; and the qualitative data were computed through NVivo. The findings indicated that participants were at the high frequency of metacognitive strategy use, high level of self-efficacy, and moderate level of employability. Participants tended to use arranging and planning strategy most, and stayed proactive throughout internship. In addition, participants were at the high level of work attitude and cooperative ability, and medium level of career planning skill and knowledge management and application. This study offers a precise picture about the correlation among variables. Furthermore, several pedagogical and theoretical applications and suggestions would be provided for the future studies, and course instructors.
ACKNOWLEGEMENTS ............................................................................................................. I
中文摘要 ................................................................................................................................... III Abstract.....................................................................................................................................IV
Table of Contents .....................................................................................................................VI
List of Tables...........................................................................................................................VIII
Table of Figures........................................................................................................................IX
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................................................1
Background of the Study ................................................................................................................................................................1
Purposes of the Study ....................................................................................................................................................................3
Research Questions ........................................................................................................................................................................4
Significance of the Study.................................................................................................................................................................5
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW............................................................................................................................................6
Metacognitive Strategies .................................................................................................................................................................6
Definition of metacognitive strategies..............................................................................................................................................6
Review of research on metacognitive strategies..............................................................................................................................8
Self-efficacy ....................................................................................................................................................................................10
Definition of self-efficacy ................................................................................................................................................................10
Sources of self-efficacy. ..................................................................................................................................................................11
Review of research on self-efficacy .................................................................................................................................................12
Employability ....................................................................................................................................................................................14
Definition of employability ................................................................................................................................................................14
Review of research on college students’ employability ....................................................................................................................19
Review of Research on Relationships among Metacognitive Strategy Use, Self-efficacy, and Employability ..................................22
Internship ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 24
Definition of internship .....................................................................................................................................................................24
Review of research on college students’ performance in internship program in western contexts ................................................ 25
Review of research on college students’ performance in internship program in home contexts .................................................... 28
CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY.................................................................................................................................................31
Participants .......................................................................................................................................................................................31
Instruments .......................................................................................................................................................................................35
Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 40
Data Analysis.....................................................................................................................................................................................41
CHAPTER FOUR RESULTS AND DISCUSSION................................................................................................................................44
Results ..............................................................................................................................................................................................44
Discussion of the Findings ................................................................................................................................................................71
CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSIONS.......................................................................................................................................................82
Summary .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 82
Implications and Recommendations..................................................................................................................................................83
Limitation and Suggestions ..............................................................................................................................................................88
Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 89
中文參考文獻 .......................................................................................................................... 90
REFERENCES ......................................................................................................................... 91
APPENDIX I English Questionnaire (Pre-test) .........................................................................96
APPENDIX II English Questionnaire (Post-test) ......................................................................98
APPENDIX III Chinese Questionnaire (Pre-test) .....................................................................101
APPENDIX IV Chinese Questionnaire (Post-test) ...................................................................103
APPENDIX V Format of Written Report ..................................................................................106
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