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研究生:林庭瑋
研究生(外文):Lin,Ting Wei
論文名稱:政治制度與內戰持續性的分析- 以哥倫比亞「哥倫比亞革命軍」以及 秘魯「光明之路」為例
論文名稱(外文):The analysis of political institutions and civil war duration: cases of Colombia’s FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia) and Peru’s Sendero Luminoso
指導教授:張文揚張文揚引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:外交學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:105
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:內戰延續性祕魯哥倫比亞政治制度光明之路哥倫比亞革命軍
外文關鍵詞:Civil warDurationPeruColombiaPolitical institutionSendero LuminosoFARC
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本論文旨在討論內戰持續性的差異是否可以以其政治轉型解釋?也就是說,作者欲探討為何有些內戰較短、有些內戰較長?是否有關鍵因素導致內戰持續性之差別。目前學術研究多著重於以非政治因素(經濟因素)解釋內戰延續性問題,但筆者認為政治制度相對於其他因素(經濟、社會制度)是最能解釋內戰持續性差異之自變數,並提出本文核心假設-「內戰隨著政體的民主深化而縮短。」,其主因有三:(一)生活於民主政權下的人民,政治壓迫感較小(二)民主促進社會的重新分配(Redistributive)消弭國內之不平等狀況;(三)民主政府能透過稅收進行公共財的施放或公共服務滿足人民。
本文之研究方法以質性分析法的個案研究法為主,以南美洲作為研究對象而不以內戰發生最頻繁的非洲為研究對象,乃因2016年11月13日哥倫比亞政府正式與左翼武裝「哥倫比亞革命軍」(FARC)簽署修正版和平協議,結束長達半世紀的敵對狀態,引發作者對南美洲內戰延續性之研究興趣。經過最大相似法篩選後,作者以哥倫比亞與哥倫比亞革命軍和秘魯與光明之路的內戰作為個案案例,透過個案研究法,本文研究發現符合筆者之核心假設。筆者認為本文之內戰研究發現提供受內戰影響之國際社會、國家有關政治制度面之政策方向-即民主深化對於一國內戰延續性之影響力。 
第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究動機與目的 1
第二節、研究途徑與方法 3
第三節、研究範圍與限制 4
第四節、論文章節架構 5
第二章、文獻探析 7
第一節、政治制度面與內戰延續性的關聯 7
第二節、非政治制度面與內戰延續性之關聯 11
第三節、民主與內戰延續性之關聯 16
第三章、個案選擇說明 21
第一節、國家篩選標準 21
第二節、交戰團體篩選標準 24
第三節、小結 25
第四章、個案研究-哥倫比亞革命軍 27
第一節、哥倫比亞國情介紹 27
第二節、哥倫比亞革命軍之介紹 31
第三節、以哥倫比亞政治制度探析哥倫比亞革命軍興衰 34
第四節、小結 41
第五章、個案研究-光明之路 45
第一節、秘魯國情介紹 45
第二節、光明之路之背景 47
第三節、以秘魯政治制度探析光明之路興衰 48
第四節、小結 54
第六章、結論 57
第一節、假設的驗證 57
第二節、未來研究發展 61
第三節、政策建議 62
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