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研究生:魯嬪文
研究生(外文):Lu, Pin-Wen
論文名稱:在臺經驗對兩岸化的影響: 陸生觀點
論文名稱(外文):The Impact of Taiwan’s Experience on Cross-straitization: Perspective From Mainland Chinese Students
指導教授:周祝瑛周祝瑛引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chuing Prudence Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:在台陸生在台經驗兩岸化文教交流
外文關鍵詞:Chinese degree-seeking studentTaiwan's experienceCross-straitizationCultural and educational exchange
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自2016年蔡英文政府執政以來,兩岸關係集聚降溫,經貿及政治往來遇冷,文化和教育交流成為海峽兩岸之間的唯一紐帶。在台陸生,特別是學位生,較之交換生在台灣停留時間更長,對台灣的認識和了解也更加廣泛且深刻,其之於兩岸文教交流的重要性不言而喻。學者們提出兩岸化的概念,用以描述衝突地區之間因為文教交流而降低衝突的過程,簡言之,兩岸化認為隨著兩岸的文教交流程度提高,彼此之間的和平程度也會隨之提升。本研究以在台陸生學位生為研究對象,調查其群體特征及在台經驗,探討陸生在台經驗和其對兩岸化認知之關聯。研究通過便利取樣的方式共收集838份問卷,并在此基礎上訪談了13名在台陸生。研究發現,在台陸生對於台灣社會文化滿意度最高,對台灣的政治表現滿意度最低。停留時間、社交狀況、社會參與以及負面體驗對陸生的兩岸化認知有顯著影響。其中,隨著在台停留時間增加,陸生對台的整體滿意度呈現W型分佈;和台灣同學的交流有助於提升陸生對於兩岸交流效果的肯定;在台參加過社會運動的陸生對于大陸的民主化更有信心;而同時,在台遭遇過歧視或霸凌的陸生對兩岸交流保持較為悲觀的態度。陸生對台灣的認知,特別是對兩岸化的認知對台灣以及兩岸關係有著深刻且長遠的影響。本研究之結果希望能為有關部門和學者提供可行之意見和建議,優化兩岸文教交流模式,推動兩岸關係的良性發展。
After Tsai’s administration took office in 2016, the cross-strait relationship between Taiwan and Mainland China has become quite unpredictable in terms of economic and political communication. Cultural and educational exchange is regarded as the only sustainable interaction, which makes mainland students studying in Taiwan, especially the degree seekers with a deeper and more extensive contact with Taiwan society, an appropriate subject of study when exploring cross-straitization—a model indicates that the growth of cultural and educational exchange raises the degree of peace between Taiwan and China. Based on previous research and existing theory of contact and cultural and educational exchanges, the study examines the possible impact of the Taiwan’s experience on mainland Chinese degree-seeking student perspectives on cross-straitization. It employed questionnaires (838 valid samples) and in-depth interviews (13 samples) in 2016. The study found that Chinese students had a higher perception of socio-culture than the political and economic performance of Taiwan, as well as that time dimensions significantly impact on Chinese student perspectives of Taiwan and on unification; with the passing of time, these students’ views on unification first falls then rises. More contact with Taiwanese students provides a better understanding and potentially closes gaps between China and Taiwan. Likewise, participation in social movement increases Chinese students’ confidence in the democratization of China. In contrast, negative experiences, such as bullying and discrimination, impedes mutual understanding. The findings and discussion address the future research that is needed on cross-strait issues and recommends preventive and remedial measures, as well as policies to improve mutual communication and understanding.
Chapter 1. Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Research Motivation and Objective 6
1.3 Research Subject 11
1.4 Operational Definition of Term 12
Chapter 2: Literature Review 16
2.1 Policy and Current Situation of Mainland Chinese Degree Seekers in Taiwan 16
2.2 The Taiwan’s Experience of Mainland Chinese Students 18
2.3Intergroup Contact Theory 20
2.4 Cultural and Educational Exchange in Rival States 23
2.5 Discourse of Cross-straitization 25
Chapter 3: Methodology 26
3.1 Research Framework and Research Questions 27
3.2 Research Methodology 28
Chapter 4: Findings and Discussions 30
4.1 Questionnaire Findings & Discussion 30
4.2 In-depth Interview Findings and Discussions 54
Chapter 5: Conclusion 65
5.1 Conclusion 65
5.2 Suggestions 69
5.3 Research Limitations 70
References 71
Appendix 1: Questionnaire and Interview Questions 78
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