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研究生:裴麗莎
研究生(外文):Denisa Petrilakova
論文名稱:臺灣農業持續發展: LCA
論文名稱(外文):Sustainability of agricultural production in Taiwan: LCA
指導教授:蔡中民蔡中民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsai, Chung-Min
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:應用經濟與社會發展英語碩士學位學程(IMES)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:105
語文別:英文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:LCA台灣農業能源消費污染
外文關鍵詞:Life cycle assessmentTaiwanAgricultureEnergyConsumptionContamination
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社會可持續性已成為全球討論之議題,作為氣候變化之回應,特別是農業生產之可持續性,因為它仍然是社會基本需求之基本支柱。吾人透由測量運輸、包裝、加工、分銷與保存等過程反映真實可持續性。為此,本研究使用LCA(生命週期評估)作為系統評估整個生產週期之適當工具。本文考察2015年台灣農業生產置重點於糧食生產可持續性之三個方向:環境、經濟與社會方面,以及其影響,並確認渠等在週期內之相對關係。因此,利用LCA描繪台灣農業生產系統之整體情況,有助於瞭解整體農業情況。環境層面講述能源消耗、使用效率,及土壤、水汙染。經濟層面包含生產週期中之自給自足分析與價格分析。社會層面揭露食品安全問題,特別是暴露於農藥之健康風險。最後,將結果與實際意義綜合表現,並提出許多可後續繼續研究之議題。
Sustainability of society became a globally discussed issue as a response to climate
change, especially, the sustainability of agricultural production as it remains as a
fundamental pillar of the society for fulfilling basic needs. It is time to move forward
real sustainability through measuring the whole process between production and
consumption embracing transportation, packaging, processing, distribution, and
preservation among others. For this purpose, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is used in
this research as an appropriate tool for the systematic evaluation of the whole cycle of
production. This paper examines agricultural production in Taiwan in 2015 focusing
on sustainability of food production in three dimensions: environmental, economic,
and social aspects, as well as its impacts and identifying the relative importance of
each part in the cycle. Therefore, with drawing the whole picture of Taiwanese
agricultural production system using LCA, it helps to understand circumstances
behind the whole agriculture sector. The part concerning environmental dimension
talks about energy consumption and efficiency of its usage; as well as, contamination
of soil and water. Economic dimension consists of self-sufficiency analysis and price
analysis of some components in the life cycle of production. Finally, the social
dimension reveals certain problems in food safety, particularly, health risks of
exposure to pesticides. And finally, a summary of results and practical implication of
this research are presented. This research highlights many issues which could be
further investigated.
Abstract vii
LIST OF FIGURES, TABLES, AND PICTURES x
1. Introduction 1
1.1 LCA 3
1.1.1 Early development 4
1.1.2 Limitations 5
1.1.3 Relation with Agriculture 6
1.2 Methodology 8
1.2.1 Calculating the Energy Consumption 11
2. Taiwanese agriculture 14
2.1 Development 17
2.2 Efforts towards sustainability 20
3. Fertilizers 21
3.1 Definition and introduction 21
3.2 Efficiency and Sustainability Analysis 23
4. Pesticides 34
4.1 Definition and introduction 34
4.2 Efficiency and Impact on Human Health Analysis 35
5. Organic agriculture 44
5.1 Definition and Introduction 44
5.2 Efficiency and Sustainability 45
6. Energy 48
6.1 Energy consumption analysis 48
6.1.1 Production 50
6.1.2 Transportation 52
6.1.3 Processing and packing 55
ix
6.1.4 Retail and Households 56
7. Results 60
7.1 Environmental Dimension 60
7.1.1 Energy 60
7.1.2 Contamination of Soil and Water 63
7.2 Economic Dimension 64
7.2.1 Prices 64
7.2.2 Self-sufficiency 65
7.3 Social Dimension 66
7.3.1 Food Security 66
8. Conclusion 68
9. References 71
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